北京pk10现场开奖直播

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子曰 学而时习之 不亦说乎 有朋自远方来 不亦乐乎 人不知而不愠 不亦君子乎

作者:佚名 全集:论语名句 来源:网络

北京pk10现场开奖直播   ZIYUE:“XUEERSHIXIZHI,BUYISHUOHU?YOUPENGZIYUANFANGLAI,BUYILEHU?RENBUZHIERBUYUN,BUYIJUNZIHU?”

  ZIYUE(1):“XUE(2)ERSHIXI(3)ZHI,BUYISHUO(4)HU?YOUPENG(5)ZIYUANFANGLAI,BUYILE(6)HU?RENBUZHI(7),ERBUYUN(8),BUYIJUNZI(9)HU?”

GUANJIANCI:LUNYU,XUEERDIYI

解释翻译
[挑错/完善]

  孔子说:“学了又时常温习和练习,不是很愉快吗?有志同道合的人从远方来,不是很令人高兴的吗?人家不了解我,我也不怨恨、恼怒,不也是一个有德的君子吗?”

  ZHEIZHANGYOUSANJU,DIYIJUSHI『XUEERSHIXIZHI,BUYISHUOHU』,WOMENZUOTIANJIANGDAOZHEIYIJU,KONGZIZHENGGEDESHENGXUEZHIDAODOUYIJINGGAIKUOJINLE。TASHIYIXUEZIWEIZONG,JIUSHIGANGLING;YIXIWEIQU,XISHIZHENGAN、ZHENLUOSHI,ZHEISHIXIUXUEDEYAOJING;YISHIZIWEISHUJI,JIUSHIGUANJIAN,GUANJIANZAIYUSHISHIZAIXUE、SHISHIZAIXI。XUESHISHENME?JUELE,XUELESHENGXIANZHIDAONENGGOUJUEWU。ZAIQIXINDONGNIAN、YANYUZAOZUODESHIHOU,JUEWUDAOWOZHEIYINIAN、ZHEIYIDONGFUBUFUHESHENGJIAO?BUFUHE,MASHANGYAOBATAFANGXIA,YAOKEZHI,ZHEIJIAOKEJIFULI。ZHENZHENGNENGXUENENGXI,ERQIEWUSHIBUXUE、WUSHIBUXI,NIJIUDEDAOSHENGRENDESHOUYONG,NEISHIBUYIYUEHU。XIYUECONGXINZHONGYONGCHULAI,CHANGSHENGHUANXIXIN。

  我们再看下面第二句:『有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎』。「朋」就是同类的人,所谓志同道合的人,他们也希求成圣成贤,听到你在这里学习圣道,所以欢喜来亲近你。当然志同道合者相聚一堂,这是非常令人快乐的。所以不亦乐乎这个「乐」是见到有朋友从远方而来,一起来学习,这是非常快乐。从远方来的朋友令我们很快乐,在周围的朋友他们来亲近你学习,当然你也是非常快乐,远近的朋友大家共聚一堂。《朱子集注》当中引程子的话说:「以善及人,而信从者众,故可乐」。因为我自己行善,这个声名慢慢远播出去,远近志同道合的朋友都来跟从我们学习,愈来愈多(众就是多),这是非常令我们快乐的。为什么?因为圣贤之道可以令更多的人不亦悦乎。我自己得到不亦悦乎,现在也让大家一起不亦悦乎,这叫与民同乐。这个话反过来我们也要知道,我们需要在学道的过程中亲近师友。《礼记.学记》里面讲,「独学而无友,则孤陋而寡闻」。学习不能够自己闭门造车,应该向先辈,向有成就的人,向善知识去请教、去学习。等到自己学有所得了,自然也会有志同道合,仰慕自己的这些人从远方来请教。我们也毫不吝法,把自己平生之所学全部供养出来。《孟子北京pk10现场开奖直播》里面讲到,「君子三乐」,其中一乐就是「得天下英才而教育之」,这是非常值得高兴的事情。

  DIXIADISANJUSHIJIANG,『RENBUZHIERBUYUN,BUYIJUNZIHU』。「YUN」YOUNUDEYISI,JIUSHIXINLIBUGAOXING,FANNAO、CHENHUILE。DANGBIERENBUZHIDAOZIJIDEXINGXUEWENDESHIHOU,WOMENSUOWEIDEHUAICAIBUYU,MEIYOURENSHANGSHI,MEIYOURENZHIDAO,JUNZIYEBUHUIYOUYUANHEN,JUEBUHUIYUANTIANYOUREN。《ZHUZIJIZHU》DANGZHONGYINYINSHIDEPIZHUSHUO:「XUEZAIJI,ZHIBUZHIZAIREN,HEYUNZHIYOU」。ZHEIJUHUAJIANGDEHENHAO。QIANMIANDIYIJUSHI「XUEERSHIXIZHI」,SHIJIANGZIJIYAOXUEGENBIERENMEIYOUGUANXI,XUEBUXUEZIJILAIJUEDING,JUEBUYINWEIBIERENZHIBUZHILAIGAIBIANZIJIXUEXIDEMUBIAO、XUEXIDEJINCHENG。ZHIBUZHIDAOSHIBIERENDESHIQING,YUWOHEGAN?BUYINGXIANGWOXUEERSHIXIZHI,BUYIYUEHU,WOHAISHIZHEIMEXIYUE。YINWEIZHEIGEXIYUEBUSHIJIANLIZAIBIERENDESHENSHANG,BUSHIJIANLIZAIBIERENZHIBUZHIDAODEJICHUSHANG,SUOYIHEYUNZHIYOU!NALIHUIYOUYUANTIANYOUREN,NALIHUIYOUHUAICAIBUYUDEGANKAI?YOUZHEIZHONGGANKAI,ZHENGSHUOMINGXINZHONGYIJINGYOUYUNLE,YOUFENNULE,YOUBUMANLE,NEIZENMENENGGOUCHENGWEIJUNZI?

  GURENJIANG,「JINZEJIANSHANTIANXIA,TUIZEDUSHANQISHEN」。RUGUOYOUYINYUAN,ZHONGSHENGYOUZHEIGEFUFEN,WOMENDECAIHUADEYISHIZHAN,DEYIBANGZHUZHEIGESHEHUIDEZHONGSHENG,RANGTAMENYIQILAIGENWOXUEXISHENGXIANZHIDAO,RANGTAMENYEDEDAOXIYUE,RANGZHEIGESHEHUIDEDAOHEXIE,NEIGURANSHIHAOSHI,JIANSHANTIANXIA。JIARUMEIYOURENYONGWOMEN,WOMENMEIYOUZHEIGEJIHUIQUFUWUSHEHUI、QUBANGZHUMINZHONG,NEIYEMEIYOUGUANXI,ZHEISHITIANMING。SUOYIXUESHIZAIZIJI,YONGSHIYOUTIANMING,JUNZISHILETIANZHIMING,BUZHIMING,WUYIWEIJUNZI。ZIJIXUECHENGLE,DANSHIBIERENBUZHIDAO,NEISHIBUDEQIYONG,TIANMING。DANSHIZHEIJUEDUIBUHUIYINGXIANGBUYIYUEHU。WOMENKANLISHISHANGHENDUOYINSHI,TAMENDOUNENGGOUZUODAOLETIANZHIMING,ZIJICHANGYOUYUSHANSHUIZHIJIAN,BUYIYUEHU,MEIYOUNEIZHONGHUAICAIBUYUZHIGAN,ZHEISHIZHENJUNZI。YIQIESUIYUAN,YOUSHANYUAN,WOMENDANGRANYAOBANGZHUZHONGSHENG,MEIYOUSHANYUAN,TUIERDUSHANQISHEN,ZHEISHIJIANGDAOYIZHONGJUNZIDEXIUYANGLE。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   SHIZAIJIANGHOUMIANLIANGJU,「YOUPENGZIYUANFANGLAI」YIJI「RENBUZHIERBUYUN」,ZHEILIANGJUDOUSHIGENDIYIJUXIANGGUANDE。ZHEILIANGJUSHIJIANGDAOXUEERSHIXIZHIDESHI,ZHEIGESHISHINIDESHIYUN,YOUBEIRENZHIDESHIHOU,YEYOUBEIRENBUZHIDESHIHOU。BEIRENZHIDESHIHOUJIUYOUPENGZIYUANFANGLAI,DAJIADOULAIQINJINNI,XIANGNIQIUXUE,NIDANGRANSHIBUYILEHU;BEIRENBUZHIDESHIHOU,ZIJIYEBUHUIBUPING。XUEERSHIXIZHIZHEIGESHI,HANGAILEZHEILIANGGEFANGMIAN,ZHIYUBUZHIWOHAISHIBUYIYUEHU。JUTIBIAOXIANZAIYOUPENGZIYUANFANGLAIDESHIHOU,NINENGBUYILEHU,ZHEIGURANSHIXIYUEDEYIZHONG;RENBUZHIERBUYUNDESHIHOU,TAYESHIYIGEBUYIYUEHUDEBIAOXIAN。SUOYIZHEIGEXIYUESHIMEIYOUJIANDUANDE。RENJIAZHIHAISHIBUZHI,NIDECAIHUADEYONGHAISHIBUDEYONG,BUYINGXIANGNIDEXIYUE。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   WOMENZHIDAORENRENFENSHANGDOUYOUMINGDE,DOUYOUBENSHAN。WOMENXIANZAIMINGMINGDE,XIUBENSHAN(HUIGUIBENSHAN),BIERENLAIXIANGWOMENXUEXI,YEBUSHISHUOWOMENJIAOJIBIERENSHENMEDONGXI,WUFEIJIUSHIBIERENYENENGGOUXIANGWOMENZHEIYANGHUIGUIZIJIDEBENSHAN,MINGZIJIDEMINGDE,DAJIAYIQIZUOSHENGREN,ZHEIBUSHIBUYILEHUMA?WOMENXIANZAIMEIYOUZHITONGDAOHEDEREN,YEMEIYOUGUANXI,YAOZHIDAOZHENGGEYUZHOUBENLAISHIYITI,GENBENMEIYOURENWODEDUIDAI。YOUREN、YOUWOZHEIJIUSHIERBUSHIYI,YITILIMIANNALINENGFENRENWO?JIRANMEIYOURENWO,YOUHETANRENZHIBUZHI?DANGRANSHIBUYUN。YINCIZAIYOUPENGZIYUANFANGLAIDESHIHOU,WOHAISHIXUEERSHIXI,WOHAISHIBUYIYUEHU;DANGRENBUZHIWODESHIHOU,WOHAISHIXUEERSHIXI,WOHAISHIBUYIYUEHU,ZHEIJIAOJUNZIZHIXUE。ZENMENENGGOUYINRENZHIBUZHIDAOWODEDEXINGXUEWENERGAIBIANWOZIJIDEXUEERSHIXI?RUGUOYOUGAIBIAN,ZHEIXINJIUBUSHIYIXIN,SHIERXIN。ERXINSHIWANGXIN,BUSHIZHENXIN。JUNZIZHIXUECHENGWEISHIXUE,SHISHENME?HUIFUWOMENZHENXINBENXINGDEXUEWEN,YOUZHIHEBUZHIZHEIGEFENBIEZHIZHE,ZHEIYIJINGBUSHIKONGZISUOWEIDEJUNZIZHIXUELE。

  学,《大学北京pk10现场开奖直播》里讲的,最重要的,讲到最后就是格物。我们要修身、齐家、治国、平天下,前面要正其心,诚其意,致其知,致知在格物。格物就是什么?格尽自己的物欲、烦恼、妄想。所以物格而后知致,把自己的妄想烦恼都格掉了,我们真正的良知才能够现前。所以这个学就是致知,时习就是用格物的功夫,学而时习就是格物致知。《大学》里又讲格物之本就是修身。你看《大学》讲,「自天子以至于庶人,壹是皆以修身为本」,这根本就在于修身。所以这个格物的物,广义上讲,包括宇宙万事万物。这个格是正的意思,让宇宙万事万物都正了。怎么样让宇宙万事万物都正?我的心正了,万物就正。为什么?因为万事万物皆由心现,不出我这一心。心外无物,整个宇宙便是我心。我要正我的心,这就是讲修身。修谁的身?修我的身,不是修别人的身。

  XUESHENGXIANZHIDAO,ZUIZHONGYAOSHIFANQIUZHUJI,CONGZIJIZHEIYISHENXIUXIAQU。BUNENGGOUKAISHIJIUNAZHESHENGXIANZHIDAOQUHENGLIANGBIEREN,KANNIZHEIGERENBUFUHELI,NEIGERENYOUHENDUOTANCHENCHIMANDEXIQIFANNAO,YITIANDAOWANKANBIERENDEQUEDIAN,ZHEIJIUBUJIAOXIUSHEN。CONGZIJISHENKAISHIXIU,ZHEIJIAOGEWUZHIBEN,NIJIAOZHIBENLE。NIZHEIYISHENXIUHAO,NIJIUNENGGANHUADUOSHEN。ZENMEGANHUA?ZHEILIJIANGDEYOUPENGZIYUANFANGLAI,NIJIUNENGGANHUA,NINENGYURENTONGLE。NEIHAIYOUYIXIEMEIYOUGANHUADE?MEIGANHUADESHIYINWEIWODEXINHAIMEIYOUCHENGDAOJICHU。「CHENGZHISUOZHI,JINSHIWEIKAI」,JINSHIDOUNENGGOUGANHUA,HEKUANGRENXIN!NEIWOWEISHENMEMEIYOUGANHUATARENXIN?YINWEIWOCHENGHAIMEIGOU,SUOYIHAIYAOGENGJIANULIDEFANQIUZHUJI。SUOYIRENBUZHIERBUYUN,ZENMENENGGOUYUANBIEREN,YUANBIERENBUNENGGOUJINGZHONGWODEDEXINGXUEWEN?MEIYOUFANGUOTOULAIXIANGXIANG,ZIJIDEDEXINGXUEWENNENGBUNENGGOUKANSHOUBIERENDEJINGZHONG?YAOFANQIUZHUJI。

  《中庸》上讲,「至诚无息」。至诚心没有停息的,像日月之永恒,像天地这样的永远,这就是君子。君子在《易经》里面讲是大人。修身、齐家、治国、平天下的事情,人人有责任,自天子至于庶人都有责任。古人讲的,「天下兴亡,匹夫有责」。匹夫是谁?匹夫是我。天下兴亡,我有责任,这个不关别人的事情,是我的事情。我怎么样能够治国平天下?修身,一味的去修身。不管自己是不是富贵,还是贫贱,我都是一味修身。孔子当年不也就是一个平凡的人吗?因为他能修身,因为他能格物,所以他能成圣人。他能够齐家、治国、平天下,不仅是当时,而且是影响后世,他是万世师表。这就是君子之学。

  所以「学而篇」这第一章意思非常深广。实在讲,《论语北京pk10现场开奖直播》每一章它的意思都是非常深广,要细说,说不尽,我们这里还是概略的说。随着我们的不断的修学,我们境界不断的提升,我们对每一句话的领悟不断的加深,用自己的力行得到真正的体验。好,这一章我们就先讲到此地。

  【PINGXI】

  宋代著名学者朱熹对此章评价极高,说它是“入道之门,积德之基”。本章这三句话是人们非常熟悉的。历来的解释都是:学了以后,又时常温习和练习,不也高兴吗等等。三句话,一句一个意思,前后句子也没有什么连贯性。但也有人认为这样解释不符合原义,指出这里的“学”不是指学习,而是指学说或主张;“时”不能解为时常,而是时代或社会的意思,“习”不是温习,而是使用,引申为采用。而且,这三句话不是孤立的,而是前后相互连贯的。这三句的意思是:自己的学说,要是被社会采用了,那就太高兴了;退一步说,要是没有被社会所采用,可是很多朋友赞同我的学说,纷纷到我这里来讨论问题,我也感到快乐;再退一步说,即使社会不采用,人们也不理解我,我也不怨恨,这样做,不也就是君子吗?(见《齐鲁学刊》1986年第6期文)这种解释可以自圆其说,而且也有一定的道理,供读者在理解本章内容时参考。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   CIWAI,ZAIDUI“RENBUZHI,ERBUYUN”YIJUDEJIESHIZHONG,YEYOURENRENWEI,“RENBUZHI”DEHOUMIANMEIYOUBINYU,RENJIABUZHIDAOSHENMENI?DANGSHIYINWEIKONGZIYOUSHUOHUADETEDINGHUANJING,TABUXUYAOSHUOCHUZHIDAOSHENME,BIERENJIUKEYILIJIELE,QUEJIHOURENLIUXIAYIGEMI。YOURENSHUO,ZHEIYIJUSHIJIESHANGYIJUSHUODE,CONGYUANFANGLAIDEPENGYOUXIANGWOQIUJIAO,WOGAOSUTA,TAHAIBUDONG,WOQUEBUYUANHEN。ZHEIYANG,“RENBUZHI”JIUSHI“RENJIABUZHIDAOWOSUOJIANGSHUDE”LE。ZHEIYANGDEJIESHISIHUYOUXIEQIANQIANG。

  总之,本章提出以学习为乐事,做到人不知而不愠,反映出孔子学而不厌、诲人不倦、注重修养、严格要求自己的主张。这些思想主张在《论语》书中多处可见,有助于对第一章内容的深入了解。
 

注释出处
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  (1)ZI:ZHONGGUOGUDAIDUIYUYOUDIWEI、YOUXUEWENDENANZIDEZUNCHENG,YOUSHIYEFANCHENGNANZI。《LUNYU》SHUZHONG“ZIYUE”DEZI,DOUSHIZHIKONGZIERYAN。

  (2)XUE:KONGZIZAIZHEILISUOJIANGDE“XUE”,ZHUYAOSHIZHIXUEXIXIZHOUDELI、LE、SHI、SHUDENGCHUANTONGWENHUADIANJI。

  (3)SHIXI:ZAIZHOUQINSHIDAI,“SHI”ZIYONGZUOFUCI,YIWEI“ZAIYIDINGDESHIHOU”HUOZHE“ZAISHIDANGDESHIHOU”。DANZHUXIZAI《LUNYUJIZHU》YISHUZHONGBA“SHI”JIESHIWEI“SHICHANG”。“XI”,ZHIYANXILI、LE;FUXISHI、SHU。YEHANYOUWENXI、SHIXI、LIANXIDEYISI。

  (4)SHUO:YINyuè,TONGYUE,YUKUAI、GAOXINGDEYISI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   (5)YOUPENG:YIBENZUO“YOUPENG”。JIUZHUSHUO,“TONGMENYUEPENG”,JITONGZAIYIWEILAOSHIMENXIAXUEXIDEJIAOPENG,YEJIUSHIZHITONGDAOHEDEREN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   (6)LE:YUSHUOYOUSUOQUBIE。JIUZHUSHUO,YUEZAINEIXIN,LEZEJIANYUWAI。

  (7)RENBUZHI:CIJUBUWANZHENG,MEIYOUSHUOCHURENBUZHIDAOSHENME。QUESHAOBINYU。YIBANERYAN,ZHI,SHILEJIEDEYISI。RENBUZHI,SHISHUOBIERENBULEJIEZIJI。

  (8)YUN:YINyùn,NAONU,YUANHEN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   (9)JUNZI:《LUNYU》SHUZHONGDEJUNZI,YOUSHIZHIYOUDEZHE,YOUSHIZHIYOUWEIZHE。CICHUZHIKONGZILIXIANGZHONGJUYOUGAOSHANGRENGEDEREN。

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