北京pk10现场开奖直播

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子曰 弟子入则孝 出则弟 谨而信 泛爱众 而亲仁 行有余力 则以学文

作者:佚名 全集:论语名句 来源:网络

  ZIYUE:“DIZIRUZEXIAO,CHUZEDI,JINERXIN,FANAIZHONG,ERQINREN,XINGYOUYULI,ZEYIXUEWEN。”

  ZIYUE:“DIZI(1)RU(2)ZEXIAO,CHU(3)ZEDI,JIN(4)ERXIN,FAN(5)AIZHONG,ERQINREN(6),XINGYOUYULI(7),ZEYIXUEWEN(8)。”

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解释翻译
[挑错/完善]

  孔子说:“弟子们在父母跟前,就孝顺父母;出门在外,要顺从师长,言行要谨慎,要诚实可信,寡言少语,要广泛地去爱众人,亲近那些有仁德的人。这样躬行实践之后,还有余力的话,就再去学习文献知识。”

  这一章大概我们都是非常非常的熟悉,它就是我们常念的《弟子规》的总纲领。一部《弟子规》就是以《论语》这一句话来贯穿下来,是清朝李毓秀学者,根据这一句孔子的话编写出来的,教导童蒙,教导弟子,如何修身立德,成就学业道业。这里说的弟子,一般人只觉得这是对童蒙讲的、小孩讲的,其实不然。小孩固然从小就要学习,《弟子规》是清朝以来的童蒙教材,家家户户都要念。现在我们这个《弟子规》,看到《弟子规》已经普及到全社会,很多家庭都用《弟子规》来做为孩子的教材。可是要知道,弟子在这里是广义的,不只是对童蒙。孔子说的弟子是圣贤弟子,具体而言孔门弟子。孔老夫子他讲这句话,我们可以想象出来,是要求那些弟子们,你们要来这里学习,你们首先要做到这个标准,你要做不到这个标准,你就不能是弟子了。所以这是学圣学贤的根基,我们不可以忽略。

  《弟子规》根据这里讲到的七科,孝、悌、谨、信、爱众、亲仁、学文,七科,来进行演绎,写出一百一十三桩事,三百六十句,一千零八十个字,写得非常全面。要学习四书,四书是大学的课程,入学的标准在哪?在《弟子规》。《弟子规》我们要都做到了,四书才能够入得进去,四书是教我们成就圣贤之道。所以《弟子规》是四书的具体落实,是行门。这里讲到的七桩事,详细的解说我们可以去学习《弟子规》。《弟子规》过去蔡礼旭老师北京pk10现场开奖直播有详细的讲解,我也曾经讲过两个版本,都可以拿来参考。这里简单的给大家做一个介绍。

  第一桩事情是『入则孝』。这是讲在家里,「入」是指在家里,必须孝养父母。孝养父母里头,包括孝养父母之身,孝养父母之心,孝养父母之志。能够为父母做饭洗衣服,在物质生活上供养自己的父母,这是养父母之身,必须要尽心竭力。养父母之心是让父母生欢喜,让父母心安。养身和养心比起来,养心更为重要。《孝经北京pk10现场开奖直播》里讲到,「居则致其敬,养则致其乐」。对父母要恭敬,使父母快乐,这才是真正的孝养。另外养父母之志,父母的希望,父母的志向,对儿女的期许,我们都要努力的去实现,这是尽孝。到最后自己要成圣成贤,真的是光耀门楣,这是大孝。

  『出则弟』,「弟」是对兄长而言。广义的来说,对一切的长辈、年长者,都要恭敬,对年幼者都要友爱。这个「出」,有的说是出外,出外求学,或者做事要行悌道。悌是什么?敬顺,敬重尊长,顺从长辈,这也是孝心的延伸。入则孝,出则弟,还有一个说法,这个入是讲内心,内心里有孝道,能够孝敬父母,表现在外面就是敬顺,出就是表现在外。所以孝悌是一桩事情。以这个孝悌的心行对一切人,那就是爱人,这就是夫子讲的仁;对一切事,就是这里讲到的,前面一章说到的敬事;对一切物,就是爱物,都是从孝敬心里产生的。孟子所说,「亲亲而仁民,仁民而爱物」,都是一个孝心延伸。成圣成贤不外乎是将孝悌做到了极处,所以孟子讲「尧舜之道,孝悌而已矣」。这正说明把孝悌做到圆满就是成圣人。

  第三桩事『谨』,是行为谨慎。《弟子规》里面,「谨」这章篇幅很长。表面上看,都是从小事教导我们。譬如说「缓揭帘,勿有声」,又譬如说「宽转弯,勿触棱」,又譬如说「执虚器,如执盈」,这些都是生活小事。但是要知道,小事当中可以培养大德。小孩就要从小事里头养成谨慎的这种态度、这种习惯,然后他临大事自然就能谨慎。三国时代诸葛亮,后人称「诸葛一生唯谨慎」。诸葛亮有这样的成就,辅佐刘备立蜀国而三分天下,他的成功之处就是恭谨,没有失误的地方。这种德行都是从小事中培养,所以我们怎么能忽略小事!

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北京pk10现场开奖直播   ZHUZIYOUYINYINYANMINGXIANSHENG,ZHEISHICHENGYIDEDIZI,YESHISHUYUZHUFUZIDELAOSHIZHEIYIBEI,TADEHUAJIANG:「DEXING,BENYE。WENYI,MOYE。QIONGQIBENMO,ZHISUOXIANHOU,KEYIRUDEYI。」ZHEILISHIBAXINGHEWENJIWOMENFENKAILAIDINGYI。DEXINGSHIBEN(GENBEN),XIANGYIKESHU,TASHIGENBEN,WEN,TASHIJIANGWENYI,SHIZHIMO,WOMENYAOZHIDAOBENMO、ZHIDAOXIANHOU,RUGUOBUZHIDAOBENMOJIUBUZHIDAOXIANHOU。《DAXUE》JIANGDE「ZHISUOXIANHOU,ZEJINDAOYI」。XIANHOUSHUNXUGAOCUOLE,NEIJIUBUNENGCHENGGONG。XIANHOUSHISHENME?XIANYAOZHONGZAIDEXINGSHANG,ZHUAZHUDEXING,LIHAOZHEIGEGENBEN,RANHOUZAIXUEWEN,ZHEICAINENGRUDE,CAINENGGOUZHENZHENGCHENGJIUSHENGDAO。

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  朱夫子又说,「力行而不学文,则无以考圣贤之成法,识事理之当然,而所行或出于私意,非但失之于野而已。」朱子讲的就更加深一层,学文其实跟力行同样重要,如果只是力行而不学文,这里的学文是要学习圣贤的教诲,如果但力行不学文,只是自己一味的去用功,但是没有去考究圣贤人的教诲(成法),就是没有按照圣贤的教诲去做,不懂得事理,那他所行的都可能是出于自己的私意,自己一厢情愿,他自己自以为是,这就不仅是野的问题了。夫子讲的「质胜文则野」,他这里就不仅是野的问题,比野来讲,他就更加偏离圣道,任己见,昧理真。所以学文同等重要,学文是帮助力行的。

  MINGMOQINGCHUDEOUYIDASHIJIESHIZHEIJUHUASHUO:「YANGMENGMORUOXUEWEN。XUEWEN,BUGUOQIUFANGXIN。QIUFANGXIN,MORUOGEWUZHIZHI。XIAODIJINXIN,NAIZHIXUEWEN,JIEGEWUZHIZHIZHIGONGYE。」OUYIDASHIZAIZHEILIJIANGDAOSHUO,ZHEIQIKEDOUSHISHUYUXUEXISHENGXIANBIBUKESHAODEFANGMIAN,SUIRANSHIDUIDIZIERYAN,JIAOYANGMENG,YANGTONGMENG,TONGMENGYANGZHENG,JIAOXIAOHAIDE,DANSHIDUIRENHERENDOUSHIYONG。YANGMENGMORUOXUEWEN,JIUSHIJIAOYURENZHONGYAODESHIXUEWEN。ZHENZHENGDEXUEWENSHISHENME?MENGZIJIANGDE,BUGUOSHIQIUFANGXINERYI。ZHEIGEFANGXINSHIFANGCHUQUDEXIN。BENLAIRENRENFENSHANGDOUYOUZHENXIN,ZHENXINBUDONG。WEISHENMEHUIYOUFANGCHUQUDEXIN?FANGCHUQUDEXINJIAOWANGXIN,WANGXINSHIDONGDE,ZHEIDONGLIMIANDAIZHEWANGXIANGFENBIEZHIZHE,ZHIZHELIMIANSHENZHIHAIYOUZISI、FANNAO、GUOE,ZHEIXIEZHENXINZIXINGDANGZHONGBENLAIMEIYOU,XIANZAITURANCHANSHENGLE,NIBATASHOUHUILAI,NIJIUSHIBAZHEIXIEBENLAIMEIYOUDEWANGXIANGFANNAOFANGXIA,NEIJIUSHIQIUFANGXINDEYISI,JIUSHIHUIGUIZIJIZHENXINBENXING,ZHEISHIZHENZHENGDEXUEWEN。

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  蕅益大师又说:「直教一切时文行合一而修,不是先行后文。」这是讲得很清楚了,其实行和文它不能分开,是一切时一切处文行合一。文是什么文?圣贤的教诲。行是什么行?圣贤的行持。合一就是自己力行圣贤教诲,并不是朱熹、程子所说的先行后文。「行有余力,则以学文」,实际上不能片面的去理解,不是先力行再学文,是什么?同时进行,边力行边学文,知行要合一。为什么?因为文是道统所寄,圣贤教诲载录在这个文上,那孝悌忠信这些德行不就是文的实处吗?

  SUOYIFUZIZAI《LUNYU》LIMIANYOUJUHUASHUO:「WENWANGJIMEI,WENBUZAIZIHU」。TASHUOWENWANGSUIRANBUZAILE,NANDAOJIUMEIYOUWENLEMA?YOU!FUZITADEZHIXIANGSHISHENME?CHUANCHENGSHENGRENDEDAOTONG,ZHENGSUOWEISIWENZAIZI。WENZAINA?JIUZAIZIJISHENSHANG,ZIJIDANDANGQILAI,LUOSHISHENGXIANDEJIAOHUI,WENJIUZAINISHENSHANG。SUOYIZHEIGEWENBUSHIJIANDANDECONGBIAOMIANSHANGLAIKANSHISHULIUYIZHEIGEWEN,ERSHIZHENZHENGSHENGXIANDEDAOTONG。YINCIZHEIYIZHANGSHIJISHANGSHIJIAOWOMENWENXINGHEYI。XINGSHIZHIQIANMIANLIUTIAO,XIAO、TI、JIN、XIN、AIZHONG、QINREN,HOUMIANXUEWEN,WENXINGBUKEFENKAI。ZHENZHENGBAWENDOULUOSHIDAOXINGSHANG,NIJIUCHENGWEISHENGXIANLE。

  【PINGXI】

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北京pk10现场开奖直播   (4)JIN:GUAYANSHAOYUCHENGZHIWEIJIN。

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  (8)WEN:GUDAIWENXIAN。ZHUYAOYOUSHI、SHU、LI、LEDENGWENHUAZHISHI。

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