北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

子夏曰 博学而笃志 切问而近思 仁在其中矣

作者:佚名 全集:论语名句 来源:网络

  ZIXIAYUE;“BOXUEERDUZHI,QIEWENERJINSI,RENZAIQIZHONGYI。”

GUANJIANCI:LUNYU,ZIZHANGDISHIJIU

解释翻译
[挑错/完善]

  ZIXIASHUO:“BOLANQUNSHUGUANGFANXUEXIERYIJIDELAOGU,JIUYUQIESHENYOUGUANDEWENTITICHUYIWENBINGQIEQUSIKAO,RENJIUZAIQIZHONGLE。”

  子夏在这里说『博学而笃志』,「博学」就是广泛的求学,可见得子夏他是一个很爱搞学问的人。前面一章他说的好学实际上就是博学,不能叫好学,称为博学可以。这个「笃志」有两种讲法,第一种根据孔安国的批注,「博学而笃志」是讲「广学而厚识之也」。博学是广学。笃志,这个笃是厚的意思,是坚固的、厚重的这样的意思。笃志这个「志」在古时候往往跟「识」通用,那个识字也是念志。像「默而识之」,这个识也是讲记的意思,就是记在心里。所以志和记往往是相通的意思。换句话说,这里笃志就是记得很坚固,学了之后真的把它记住,记得很牢,也就是博闻强记这个意思。子夏他是追求这个学问,这是属于做学术了。子夏在孔门四科当中文学是最好的,他是博闻强记,从这里可以看出他的观点。学《论语》,我们最重要学孔老夫子的思想,其它的人我们可以参考,但是跟孔子所说的不一样,我们可以不接受。我们跟孔老夫子学,孔老夫子是我们的老师北京pk10现场开奖直播,我们也是孔子的私淑弟子,子夏是属于我们的大师兄。他讲的话如果跟老师讲的不一样,我们要听老师的。当然他讲得不能算错,这总是好事,博闻强记是好的。

  但是杨伯峻先生他把笃志的志解释为志趣。朱熹朱夫子的解释也是相类似的,也是用志趣来讲。这个笃志就是坚守自己的志向,这样讲也很好,比博闻强记的那个意思要更深一层。不只是搞学术了,他还有个志向在那里。志向是什么?志在圣贤。为什么要学?学做圣贤,这个才叫真正的笃志。你能这样笃志,你就能够去力行,学了之后去力行,不是光是学。光学不力行,《弟子规北京pk10现场开奖直播》上讲的,「不力行,但学文。长浮华,成何人」?我相信也不是子夏所希望的。所以做志趣讲,这种讲法更顺文意。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   DIXIASHUO『QIEWENERJINSI』,ZAIQIUXUEGUOCHENGZHONGKENDINGHUIYOUYIWEN,ZHEIGEYIWENYAOGANKUAIQINGJIAOSHIYOU,ZHEIJIAO「QIEWEN」。GENJUHUANGKANDE《LUNYUYISHU》,BAZHEIGEQIEZIZUOJIZIJIANG,JIZHEGANKUAIWEN。ZHEIGEJIZHEWEN,YEYOUYIGEWENTI,WOMENKANDAO《XUEGONGJIANGYAO》LIMIANMEIYOUTIDAO。JIZHEWEN,QUESHININENGGOUXUEDAOZHISHI,XUEDEHENKUAI。DANSHIYOUGESHENMEWENTI?WOMENYAOJIZHEWEN,WENLAIDEZHISHIJIWENZHIXUE,MEIYOUJINGGUOZIJIDEWU。ERQIEWENLAIDEDONGXIWANGWANGSHISHENME?NIJIUBUQUWULE,NIBUHUIHUITOUZAICANLE,ZHEIJIUJIANGNIDEWUMENDUZHULE。SUOYIYOUSHIHOUYOUWENTIBUYAOJIZHEWEN,NIJIZHEWENDESHIHOU,ZIJIBUKENTONGGUOCANJIUZHAODAODAAN,NEIBUSHIZIJIDEJINGJIE。SUOYIZAIFOMENLIMIANSHANZONGTEBIEZHUZHONGYIQING,JIUSHINIYOUYILE,YOUYIBUYAOMASHANGQIUDAAN,NICUNZAIXINZHONGJIAOYIQING,TIANTIANQUCAN,BUZHIDAODAAN,NIJIUZAINEILINULIDEQUCAN。CAN,DANGRANBUSHIYONGSIXIANG、YONGTUIQIAO、YONGSIWEI,BUSHIZHEIGE。CANSHIBUYONGSIWEI,JIUYIQINGBAIZAIXINLI,BUDUANDEZHONGFUZHEIGEYIQING。DENGDAOYIGEBUDINGDEYINYUAN,HURANHUANGRANDAWU,ZHEISHICANJIU。ZHEIGEFANGFAHAO,NIWUCHULAIDE,NEISHINIZHENSHIDETIYAN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   JIUXIANGOUYIDASHIDU《LUNYU》,WOMENKANDAOTADESHENGPING(NIANPU)SHANGJIANG,TAERSHISUIYOUYICIDU《LUNYU》DESHIHOU,DUDAO「YANYUANWENREN」ZHEIYIZHANG,ZAI「YANYUAN」DISHIERPIAN,DIYIZHANG「YANYUANWENREN」,「ZIYUE:KEJIFULIWEIREN。YIRIKEJIFULI,TIANXIAGUIRENYAN。WEIRENYOUJI,ERYOURENHUZAI」。TACANKONGZIZHEIGEHUA,TABUKANXIANRUDEPIZHU,ZHEIXIEXIANRUDEPIZHUTADOUKANGUOLE,DANSHITAJUEDEXIANRUDUIZHEIGEJINGJIEHAIMEIYOUZHENZHENGQIRU。SUOYIKUXINGUYIZAINEIKUCAN,SANRISANYEMEIYOUSHUIJUE、MEIYOUCHIFANJIUCANZHEIJUHUA,HURANZHIJIANDAWU,DAWULEKONGYANXINFA,TAQUANDEDAOLE。ZHEIGEDEDAOLESHI「RURENYINSHUI,LENGNUANZIZHI」,TADEDAOLETAZHIDAO,WOMENMEIDEDAODEWOMENYEBUZHIDAO。ZHEISHITONGGUOCANJIUDELAIDEZHENSHIXUEWEN,SUOYIWENBUYAOJIZHEWENYEHAO,SUIRANZHISHIBUNEIMEFENGFU,DANSHINIWUXINGHUIYULAIYUGAO。YIDANCHEWU,SUOYOUDEDOUTONG,YITONGYIQIETONG。SUOYIOUYIDASHIBA「YANYUANWENREN」ZHEIZHANGCANTOUYIHOU,YIHOUSUOKANDESUOYOURUSHIDAODEJINGDIANQUANBUDOUTONG,BUJINSHIRUJIADEJINGDIANTONG,DAOJIA、FOJIAJINGDIANQUANTONG,ZHEIJIAODAWU。

  当然这个还不算大彻大悟,大彻大悟是明心见性。明心见性,那成佛了。所以蕅益大师没出家之前就已经大悟了,跟六祖惠能大师一样,六祖大师听了《金刚经》,他也是大悟,没彻悟。后来在五祖忍和尚会下,经过一点拨,「应无所住,而生其心」他就大彻大悟。

北京pk10现场开奖直播   OUYIDASHICHUJIAZHIQIAN,DU「YANYUANWENREN」ZHEIZHANG,DAWU。CHUJIAYIHOUERSHISISUI,YESHICANYIGEHUATOU。GANGCAIWOMENJIANGLE,TAGENXUELINGSHANSHICHUJIA,ZHIHOUTAJIUCANSHAN。RANHOUYUDAOYOUGEWENTI,TAJUEDEFOJIANGDE,WOMENYINWEIMILEJIURUTAI,RUTAILEJIUYOUZHEIGESHENTI。NEINIXIANZAIHURANJUEWULE,NIZHEISHENTINENGLIKAIMA?TAZHEIGEWENTIMEIGAODONG,ZHEIGESHENTISHIHUANYING。JUEWULENENGBUNENGMASHANGLIKAIZHEIGESHENTI?TAWENLAOSHI。LAOSHIDIANTAYIJU,SHUONIXIANZAIRUTAILEMEIYOU?TADABUSHANGLAI,DABUSHANGLAISHANGSHENSHANLIMIANQUKUCAN,JIUCANZHEIGEHUATOU,RUTAILEMEIYOU?YESHIKUCANLEHAOJITIAN,ZUIHOUHUANGRANDAWU,SHENMEDAWU?FAXIANSHENXINSHIJIEQUANBUYUNMIELE,ZHENGGEYUZHOUKONGLE,MEIYOULE。RANHOUTAJIUWUDAOYUANLAIZHENGGEYUZHOUJIUSHINIYIGENIANTOUDEHUANYING,NAYOUSHENMERUTAI、CHUTAI?ZHEIGESHIHOUXIANGBITAYEYINGGAISHI,WOBUZHIDAOSHIBUSHIDACHEDAWU,YINWEIWOMEIDACHEDAWU,WOBUGANPINGLUNTADEJINGJIE,JIBENSHANGJISHIBUSHICHEWUYEYINGGAIJIEJINBIANYUANLE。SUOYITAYIHOUKANSUOYOUFOJING,ZHIYAOKANDAOMASHANGJIUTONG。WEISHENME?TAYIJINGDONGLEFODEXINFA。SUOYIZHEISHIFOMENLIMIANJIANGJIUDECANJIU,GENJIZHEQUWENBUYIYANG。

  「切问而近思」,这个近思是就自己所学的要认真的思考其义,这什么意思要搞懂。孔子在《论语》当中说,「学而不思则罔,思而不学则殆」,所以要思。学而不思则罔,罔是迷惑。思而不学则殆,殆是什么?你光在那思,不再去学了,那就会疲累不堪。甚至殆是危险,出现危险,你可能会思到邪途上去了。所以学了要思,这是近思。子夏说能做到这一点,『仁在其中矣』。《中庸北京pk10现场开奖直播》上讲的「力行近乎仁」。仁,我们现在没得到这个境界,但是通过力行可以近乎仁,跟仁这个境界接近了,所以你不力行,不去依教奉行,那不能得到仁。《中庸》上又说,「博学、审问、慎思、明辨、笃行」。这前面四条,子夏说到的博学、审问、慎思、明辨,这是前面讲到的博学、笃志、切问、近思,这都是属于前面的四科,后面笃行就是力行。前面四条叫学文,后面是力行,学文跟力行要并重,不能光学文不力行,那是「长浮华,成何人」,也不能够光力行不学文,那叫「任己见,昧理真」,要文行合一,解行并重。既然做到了前面的博学、笃志、切问、近思,当然他自然就会笃行,就要去力行,所以「仁在其中」,是有道理的。

  OUYIDASHIJIESHIZHISHUOLEYIJU,「CIQUESHUODEYOUWEI」,ZHEISHIPINGDIAN。QIANMIANYIZHANGOUYIDASHIJUEDEZIXIASHUO「HAOXUE」,SHUODENEIGEWEIDAOBUZU,GENKONGZIJIANGDEWANQUANSHILIANGGEWEIDAO。ZAIZHEILIJIUSHIZANTANZIXIA,ZHEILISHUODEDAOSHIYOUWEIDAO。WOMENJIEHE《ZHUZIJIZHU》LIMIANDEPINGZHU,WOMENLAITIHUIOUYIDASHIJIANGDETAZHEIGEYOUWEIDAOSHISHENMEWEIDAO。《ZHUZIJIZHU》YINYONGTADESISHULAOSHICHENGZIDEHUA,CHENGYI,SHI「ERCHENG」CHENGHAO、CHENGYI。CHENGZISHUOGUO「BOXUEERDUZHI,QIEWENERJINSI,HEYIYANRENZAIQIZHONGYI」」WEISHENMEZIXIASHUORENZAIQIZHONGYI?「XUEZHEYAOSIDEZHI。LECI,BIANSHICHESHANGCHEXIAZHIDAO」。QIANMIANSHISHUYUJIEMEN,BOXUE、DUZHI、QIEWEN、JINSISHIJIEMEN。JIEMENYIDINGYAOLUOSHIZAIXINGMEN,CHESHANGCHEXIAZHEIGEFANGFA,HUANJUHUASHUO,WOMENYAOXINGBIXUXIANYAOYOUJIE,FOUZEMEIYOUFANGXIANG。TONGGUOLIXINGNENGGOUXIAXUEERSHANGDA,NENGGOUZHENZHENGLINGWUDAODAO。DIXIACHENGZI「YOUYUE:XUEBUBOZEBUNENGSHOUYUE,ZHIBUDUZEBUNENGLIXING。QIEWENJINSIZAIJIZHE,ZERENZAIQIZHONGYI」。ZHEIGEHUADIANDEHAO,XUEYAOXUEDEBO,JIUSHIGUANGXUE。GUANGXUEWEILESHENME?WEILESHOUYUE,YUEJIUSHIYIMENSHENRU。GUANGXUEYUANWEISHENRU,BOXUESHIWEILESHOUYUE,RUGUOBUZHENZHENGBOXUEDEHUA,DUIZHEIXIEDAOLIHAIBUTAIMINGBAI,NISHOUZHEIYIMENNISHOUBUZHU,NIZONGJUEDEZHEIYIMENGOUBUGOU?

  PIRUSHUOWOMENXUERU,XUEYIBU《LUNYU》JIUGOULE。NIHUIHUAIYIGOUBUGOU?NIYAOHUAIYINEIJIUGUANGXUEDUOWEN,BASHISANJINGDOUDUWANLE,JINGSHIZIJIDOUKANLE,《SIKU》QUANBUDOUTONGLE,RANHOUNIJUEDEZHENDEJIUYIBU《LUNYU》JIUGOULE。YIBU《LUNYU》KEYIBANGZHUNICHENGSHENGREN,BANBU《LUNYU》KEYIZHITIANXIA,ZHEIBUGOULEMA?SUOYINICAINENGSHOUYUE,YUESHIDANYIDE、ZUIJIANDANDE、JIANYUE。NEINIYAOCHENGGONG,BIXUSHOUYUE,XUEZALEJIUHENNANCHENGGONG。XUEZASHISHENME?QIANMIANDEJICHU,TONGGUOZHEIGEGUANGXUEDUOWEN,NICAINENGGOUSIXINTADISHOUZHEZHEIYIMEN。ZHIBUDUERBUNENGLIXING,ZHEISHIZHIXIANGYAOJIANGU,ZHEIYANGNICAINENGLIXING,SUOYIZHIZAISHENGXIAN,NICAIYOUZHEIGEDONGLI,LIXINGBUCHUO。QIEWENJINSIDOUYAOZAIZIJISHENSHANG,FANQIUZHUJI,BASHENGXIANXUEWENLUOSHIDAOZIJIDESHENXIN,NIJIUSHIZAILIXINGREN,RENZAIQIZHONGYI。SUOYIHAISHILIXING,NIYAOSHIBULIXINGNEIJIUBUDEREN。ZHEIGESHI《ZHUZIJIZHU》LIMIANYINCHENGZIDEHUA,YEHENYOUDAOLI。

  【PINGXI】

北京pk10现场开奖直播   ZHEILIYOUTIDAOKONGZIDEJIAOYUFANGFAWENTI。“BOXUEERDUZHI”JI“BOXUEERQIANGJI”,ZAIYICITANDAOTADEZHONGYAOXINGDEWENTI。

注释出处
[请记住我们 国学梦 75msc68.com]

北京pk10现场开奖直播   DUZHI:ZHI,YIWEI“SHI”,CIWEIQIANGJIZHIYI。

  QIEWEN:WENYUQIESHENYOUGUANDEWENTI。

用户评论
挥一挥手 不带走一片云彩

ZIXIAYUE BOXUEERDUZHI QIEWENERJINSI RENZAIQIZHONGYI_YUANWENJIJIESHIFANYI

关于本站免责声明站点地图

Copyright © 2016-2020 75msc68.com All Rights Reserved. GUOXUEMENG BANQUANSUOYOU