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楚语·郧公辛与弟怀或礼于君或礼于父

作者:左丘明 全集:国语 来源:网络

  WURENRUCHU,ZHAOWANGBENYUN,YUNGONGZHIDIHUAIJIANGSHIWANG,YUNGONGXINZHIZHI。HUAIYUE:“PINGWANGSHAWUFU,ZAIGUOZEJUN,ZAIWAIZECHOUYE。JIANCHOUFUSHA,FEIRENYE。”YUNGONGYUE:“FUSHIJUNZHE,BUWEIWAINEIXING,BUWEIFENGYUEJU,GOUJUNZHI,ZUNBEIYIYE。QIEFUZIDIYIXIAZEYOUCHOU,FEISHIBUCHOU。XIANVESHANGWEISHI,SHANGNVEXIAWEITAO,ERKUANGJUNHU!JUNERTAOCHEN,HECHOUZHIWEI?RUOJIECHOUJUN,ZEHESHANGXIAZHIYOUHU?WUXIANRENYISHANSHIJUN,CHENGMINGYUZHUHOU,ZIDOUBOBIYILAI,WEIZHISHIYE。JINERYISHIYANGZHI,BUKE。”HUAIFUTING,YUE:“WUSIFU,BUNENGGUYI。”YUNGONGYIWANGBENSUI。

  WANGGUIERSHANGJIYUN、HUAI,ZIXIJIANYUE:“JUNYOUERCHEN,HUOKESHANGYE,HUOKELUYE。JUNWANGJUNZHI,QUNCHENJUYI。”WANGYUE:“FUZIQIZHIERZIYE?WUZHIZHIYI。HUOLIYUJUN,HUOLIYUFU,JUNZHI,BUYIKEHU!”

GUANJIANCI:GUOYU,CHUYU,YUNGONGXINYUDIHUAIHUOLIYUJUNHUOLIYUFU

解释翻译
[挑错/完善]

  吴国军队攻入楚国,楚昭王出奔到郧地,郧公的弟弟鬬怀想要杀害昭王,郧公鬬辛阻止他。鬬怀说:“楚平王杀了我的父亲,在国都内昭王是国君,在国都外他就是我的仇人。见到仇人不杀,那就不算是人了。”郧公说:“事奉君王,不能因为在国都内和国都外就改变自己的行为,不能因为国君的兴盛和哀亡而有不同的举动,如果尊奉他为君王,尊卑就定下来了。而且是敌人才谈得上有仇,不是敌人便不记仇。下杀上称作弑,上杀下称为讨,更何况是君王呢!作为君而讨伐臣,怎么能记仇呢?如果大家都去仇恨君王,那么还有什么上下之别呢?我们先人用善行来事奉君王,在各诸侯国都很出名,从鬬伯比以来,一直没有丧失过。现在你因为这件事而败坏名声,那不行。”鬬怀不听,说:“我思念父亲,不能顾及那些了。”郧公便跟昭王一起逃亡到了随国。

  ZHAOWANGHUIGUOHOUDUIYUNGONGHEDOUHUAIDOUSHANGCI,ZIXIJINJIANSHUO:“NINYOULIANGGECHENZI,YOUYIGEYINGGAISHANGTA,YOUYIGEYINGGAISHADIAO。JUNWANGQUETONGYANGDUIDAITAMEN,QUNCHENJIUYAOHAIPALE。”ZHAOWANGSHUO:“NINSHIZHIZIQIDELIANGGEERZIMA?WOZHIDAOLE。TAMENYOUYIGEDUIJUNWANGYOULI,YOUYIGEDUIFUQINYOULI,WOTONGYANGDUIDAITAMEN,BUSHIYEKEYIMA!”

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