北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

贾生

唐代 / 李商隐
古诗原文
[挑错/完善]

XUANSHIQIUXIANFANGZHUCHEN,JIASHENGCAIDIAOGENGWULUN。

KELIANYEBANXUQIANXI,BUWENCANGSHENGWENGUISHEN。

xuān shì qiú xián fǎng zhú chén , jiǎ shēng cái diào gèng wú lún 。

北京pk10现场开奖直播XUANSHIQIUXIANFANGZHUCHEN,JIASHENGCAIDIAOGENGWULUN。

kě lián yè bàn xū qián xí , bù wèn cāng shēng wèn guǐ shén 。

KELIANYEBANXUQIANXI,BUWENCANGSHENGWENGUISHEN。

译文翻译
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HANWENDIQIUXIAN,XUANSHIZHAOJIANBEIBIANCHENZI。JIAYICAINENG,QUESHIGAOMINGWURENNENGJI。

ZHISHIKONGTANBANYE,LINGRENEWANTANXI。WENDIJINWENGUISHENZHISHI,ZHIZIBUTIGUOSHIMINSHENG。

注释解释

JIASHENG:ZHIJIAYI(QIAN200—QIAN168),XIHANZHUMINGDEZHENGLUNJIA、WENXUEJIA,LIZHUGAIGEBIZHENG,TICHULEXUDUOZHONGYAOZHENGZHIZHUZHANG,DANQUEZAOCHANBEIBIAN,YISHENGYIYUBUDEZHI。

XUANSHI:HANDAIZHANGANCHENGZHONGWEIYANGGONGQIANDIANDEZHENGSHI。ZHUCHEN:BEIFANGZHUZHICHEN,ZHIJIAYICENGBEIBIANZHE。

CAIDIAO:CAIHUAQIZHI。

KELIAN:KEXI,KETAN。XU:TURAN,KONGZI。QIANXI:ZAIZUOXISHANGYIXIKAOJINDUIFANG。

CANGSHENG:BAIXING。WENGUISHEN:SHIJIAN《SHIJI·QUYUANJIASHENGLIECHUAN》。HANWENDIJIEJIANJIAYI,“WENGUISHENZHIBEN。JIASHENGYINJUDAOSUOYIRANZHIZHUANG。ZHIYEBAN,WENDIQIANXI。”

创作背景

《JIASHENG》SHITANGDAISHIRENLISHANGYINDEYISHOUJIEGUFENGJINDEYONGSHISHI,YIZAIJIEJIAYIDEZAOYU,SHUXIESHIRENHUAICAIBUYUDEGANKAI。QIZHEYANDIANBUZAIGERENDEQIONGTONGDESHI,ERZAIYUZHICHUFENGJIANTONGZHIZHEBUNENGZHENZHENGZHONGSHIRENCAI,SHIQIZAIZHENGZHISHANGFAHUIZUOYONG。SHIZHONGXUANQUHANWENDIXUANSHIZHAOJIANJIAYI,YEBANQINGTANDEQINGJIE,XIEWENDIBUNENGSHIXIAN、RENXIAN;“BUWENCANGSHENGWENGUISHEN”ZEJIELULEWANTANGHUANGDIFUYAOQIUXIAN,HUANGYUZHENGSHI,BUGUMINSHENGDEHUNYONGTEXING。CISHIYUKAIYUFENG,SHENKEERJUYOULIDU,ZAIDUIJIAYIHUAICAIBUYUDETONGQINGZHONG,JIYUZUOZHEZIJIZAIZHENGZHISHANGBEISHOUPAIJI、ZHUANGZHINANCHOUDEGANSHANG。

北京pk10现场开奖直播GUANYUCISHIDEXIEZUONIANDAI,YOULIANGZHONGSHUOFA。QIYIWEIFENGHAOZAI《YUXISHENGSHIJIJIANZHU》ZHONGSUOYAN,“CIGAIZHIZHAOZHOUXIUSISHI,GUYIJIEKAI”,YIWEICISHIWEILISHANGYINZAIDAZHONGERNIAN(848NIAN)ZHENGYUESHOUGUIZHOUCISHIZHENGYAZHIMING,FUZHAOZHOURENJUNSHOUSHISUOZUO。YINLISHANGYINSHIWEIYIJUNZHIZHANG,GUXUZHUFENGJISIDASHI,YUSHIJIETIFAHUI,CHUANGZUOLEBENSHI。LINGYISHUOWEIYANGLIUTICHU,RENWEICISHIDANGYUDAZHONGERNIANSAN、SIYUEJIANLISHANGYINLIKAIGUILINBEISHANGHOUZHILIUJINGBASHIQISUOZUO。(JIAN《LISHANGYINPINGCHUAN》)

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHEISHOUSHIDEZUOZHELISHANGYINSHENGHUOZAITANGWANGCHAORIQUSHUAIBAIDEWANTANGSHIQI,TADUIHUANGDIHUNYONG、HUANGUANDANGQUANYUFANZHENBAHUSHENWEIBUMAN。ERQIELISHANGYINBEIJUANRULENIULIDANGZHENG,LVSHOUPAIJI,HUAICAIBUYU。YUSHITAJIEDIAOJIAYILAISHUFAZIJIDEGANKAI,TONGGUOFENGCIHANWENDISUINENGQIUXIANQUEYOUBUZHIXIANDEXINGWEI,FANYINGLEWANTANGDESHEHUIXIANSHI——JIWANTANGDIWANGYEXIANGWENDIYIBAN,BIAOSIKAIMING,SHIZEHUNKUIWUNENG。

诗文赏析
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贾谊被贬长沙,久已成为诗人们抒写不遇之感的熟滥题材。《史记·屈原贾生列传》载:“贾生征见。孝文帝方受厘(刚举行过祭祀,接受神的福佑),坐宣室(未央宫前殿正室)。上因感鬼神事,而问鬼神之本。贾生因具道所以然之状。至夜半,文帝前席(在坐席上移膝靠近对方)。既罢,曰:“吾久不见贾生,自以为过之,今不及也。”作者却独辟蹊径,特意选取贾谊自长沙召回,宣室夜对的情节作为诗材。在一般封建文人心目中,这大概是值得大加渲染的君臣遇合盛事。但诗人却独具慧眼,抓住不为人们所注意的“问鬼神”之事,讽刺晚唐幻想成仙、荒于政事的帝王。诗歌欲抑先扬,发出了一段新警透辟、发人深省的议论。

北京pk10现场开奖直播“XUANSHIQIUXIANFANGZHUCHEN,JIASHENGCAIDIAOGENGWULUN。”QIANFUCHUNCONGZHENGMIANZHEBI,SIHAOBULUBIANYI。SHOUJUTEBIAO“QIU”“FANG”,FANGFORELIESONGYANGWENDIQIUXIANYIYUANZHIQIE、ZHIYIN,DAIXIANTAIDUZHICHENG、ZHIQIAN。“QIUXIAN”ERZHI“FANGZHUCHEN”,GENGKEJIANQIWANGLUOXIANCAIYIDADAO“YEWUYIXIAN”DECHENGDU。CIJUYINKUOHANWENDIDUIJIAYIDETUIFUZANTANZHICI。“CAIDIAO”,JIANBAOCAINENGFENGDIAO,YU“GENGWULUN”DEZANTANPEIHE,CEMIANHONGTUOCHUJIAYISHAONIANCAIJUN、YILUNFENGFA、HUACAIZHAORENDEJINGSHENFENGMAO,SHIDEXINGXIANGGANHEYONGTANDEQINGDIAOYEJIUZIRANDIXIANSHICHULAI。ZHEILIANGJU,YOU“QIU”ER“FANG”ERZAN,CENGCENGDIJIN,BIAOXIANLEWENDIDUIJIAYIDETUIFUQIZHONG。RUGUOBUKANXIAWEN,JIHUHUIWURENWEIZHEISHIYIPIANSHENGZHUQIUXIANSONG。QISHI,ZHEIZHENGSHIZUOZHEGUNONGJIAOKUAIZHICHU。

第三句承转交错,是全诗枢纽。承,即所谓“夜半前席”,把汉文帝当时那种虚心垂询、凝神倾听,以至于“不自知膝之前于席”的情状描绘得惟妙惟肖,使历史陈迹变成了充满生活气息、鲜明可触的面。这种善于选取典型细节,善于“从小物寄慨”的艺术手段,正是李商隐咏史诗的过人之处。通过这个生动的细节的渲染,才把由“求”而“访”而赞的那架“重贤”的云梯升到了最高处;而转,也就在这高潮中开始。不过,它并不露筋突骨,硬转逆折,而是用咏叹之笔轻轻拨转——在“夜半虚前席”前加上“可怜”两字。可怜,即可惜。不用感情色彩强烈的“可悲”“可叹”一类词语,只说“可怜”,一方面是为末句——一篇之警策预留地步;另一方面也是因为在这里貌似轻描淡写的“可怜”,比剑拔弩张的“可悲”“可叹”更为含蕴,更耐人寻味。仿佛给文帝留有余地,其实却隐含着冷隽的嘲讽,可谓似轻而实重。“可怜”与“虚”连用,增强语气,虽只轻轻一点,却使读者对汉文帝“夜半前席”的重贤姿态从根本上产生了怀疑,可谓举重而若轻。诗人引而不发,并未点出其原因,给读者留下了悬念,诗也就显出跌宕波折的情致,而不是一泻无余。这一句承转交错的艺术处理,精炼自然,浑然无迹。

MOJUFANGYINMANERFA,JINCHENG“KELIAN”YU“XU”,YIYUZHONGDE——“BUWENCANGSHENGWENGUISHEN”。ZHENGZHONGQIUXIAN,XUXINCHUIXUN,TUIZHONGTANFU,NAIZHI“YEBANQIANXI”,BUSHIWEILEXUNQIUZHIGUOANMINZHIDAO,QUESHIWEILE“WENGUISHEN”DEBENYUANWENTI。SHIRENRENGZHIDIANPOERBUSHUOJIN——TONGGUO“WEN”YU“BUWEN”DEDUIZHAO,RANGDUZHEZIJIDUICIDECHUYINGYOUDEJIELUN。SHIRENTONGSHIZHUAZHU“XUQIANXI”“WENGUISHEN”ZHEILIANGCHUXIJIE,JIETIFAHUI,ZAIYILUNZHONGBAFENGCIJUNWANGHUNKUIQIXIANHESHANGTANXIANSHIHUAICAIBUYULIANGFANGMIANDEYIYUNRONGYUYIPIAN,ZUJIANQISIXIANGSHENKE、GOUSIXINYING。

《JIASHENG》YISHIWENCIFENGJIXILI,FENGCIXINLASHENKE,GANGAISHENCHENYUNJIE,QUEYOUJIYIYANGTUNTUZHIMIAO。YOUYUQIANJIJUWEIRAO“ZHONGXIAN”ZHUBUSHENGJI,JIEJIESHANGYANG,DISANJUYOUYINERBUFA,MOJUYOUQIANGLIEDUIZHAOERXINGCHENGDEBIANYIBIANXIANDETEBIEYOULI,ZHEIZHENGSHIFANDIESHOUFADEQIAOMIAOYUNYONG。CONGERJIELULEFENGJIANTONGZHIZHEBIAOMIANSHANGQIUXIAN、JINGXIAN,SHIJISHANGBUNENGSHIXIAN、RENXIAN,JIESHICHUZAISHENSHOUENYUDEBIAOXIANGXIAYINZANGZHEBUYUDESHIZHI。ZHENGSHOUSHIYONGCHANGTANYOUZHIDEBIDIAOFASHUJINGCETOUPIDEYILUN,ZAIZHENGFAN、YANGYI、QINGZHONG、YINXIAN、CHENGZHUANDENGFANGMIANDEYISHUCHULISHANG,DOUYUNHANZHEYISHUDEBIANZHENGFA,ERQIXINJINGHANYUNDEYISHUFENGGEYEJIUTONGGUOZHEIYIXILIECHENGGONGDEYISHUCHULI,ZHUBUXIANSHICHULAI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播DIANPOERBUSHUOJIN,YOULUNERWUDUAN,BINGFEIYOUYUNEIRONGPINRUOERGUNONGXUANXU,ERSHIYOUYUHANYUNFENGFU,PIANYANBUZUYIJINYI。SHIYOUFENGYOUKAI,YUKAIYUFENG,ZHIYIBINGBUDANCHUN。CONGFENGDEFANGMIANKAN,BIAOMIANSHANGSICIWENDI,SHIJISHANGSHIRENDEZHUYAOYONGYIBINGBUZAICI。WANTANGHUANGDIDADOUCHONGFOMEIDAO,FUYAOQIUXIAN,BUGUMINSHENG,BURENXIANCAI,SHIRENMAOTOUSUOZHI,XIANRANSHIDANGSHIXIANSHIZHONGNEIXIE“BUWENCANGSHENGWENGUISHEN”DEFENGJIANTONGZHIZHE。ZAIYUFENGWEIZHUDETONGSHI,SHIZHONGYOUYUYOUSHIRENZIJIHUAICAIBUYUDESHENCHENGANKAI。SHIRENSUHUAI“YUHUITIANDI”DEZHUANGZHI,DANPIANZAOSHUAISHI,CHENLUNXIALIAO,SHIZHONGMEIFA“JIASHENGNIANSHAOXUCHUITI”“JIASHENGJIANSHIGUI”ZHIKAI。ZHEISHOUSHIZHONGDEJIAYI,ZHENGYOUSHIRENZIJIDEYINGZI。GAIERYANZHI,FENGHANWENSHICITANGDI,LIANJIAYISHIYIZIMIN。

作者介绍
[挑错/完善]

李商隐 : 李商隐,字义山,号玉溪(谿)生、樊南生,唐代著名诗人,祖籍河内(今河南省焦作市)沁阳,出生于郑州荥阳。他擅长诗歌写作,骈文文学价值也很高,是晚唐最出色的诗人之一,和杜牧合...[详细]

李商隐的名句
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