北京pk10现场开奖直播

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屈原

先秦诗人

屈原(约公元前340-前278),中国古代伟大的爱国诗人。汉族,出生于楚国丹阳,名平,字原。战国时期楚国贵族出身,任三闾大夫、左徒,兼管内政外交大事。公元前278年秦将白起一举攻破楚国首都郢都。忧国忧民的屈原在长沙附近汩罗江怀石自杀,端午节据说就是他的忌日。他写下许多不朽诗篇,成为中国古代浪漫主义诗歌的奠基者,在楚国民歌的基础上创造了新的诗歌体裁楚辞。他创造的“楚辞”文体在中国文学史上独树一帜,与《诗经》并称“骚”二体,对后世诗歌创作产生积极影响。

屈原古籍名句
主要成就
[挑错/完善]

ZHUZUO

屈原是个诗人,从他开始,中华才有了以文学著名于世的作家。他创立了“楚辞”这种文体(也称“骚体”),被誉为“衣被词人,非一代也”。屈原的作品,根据刘向、刘歆父子的校定和王逸的注本,有25篇,即《离骚》1篇,《天问》1篇,《九歌》11篇,《九章》9篇,《远游》《卜居》《渔父》各1篇。据《史记·屈原列传》司马迁语,还有《招魂》1篇。有些学者认为《大招》也是屈原作品;但也有人怀疑《远游》以下诸篇及《九章》中若干篇章非出自屈原手笔。据郭沫若先生考证,屈原作品,共流传下来23篇。其中《九歌》11篇,《九章》9篇,《离骚》、《天问》、《招魂》各一篇。

大体说来,《离骚》《天问》《九歌》可以作为屈原作品三种类型的代表。《九章》《远游》《卜居》《渔父》《招魂》《大招》,其内容与格可与《离骚》列为一组,大都是有事可据,有义可陈,

重在表现作者内心的情愫。《离骚》是屈原以自己的理想、遭遇、痛苦、热情以至整个生命所熔铸而成的宏伟诗篇,其中闪耀着鲜明的个性光辉,是屈原全部创作的重点。《天问》是屈原根据神话、传说材料创作的诗篇,着重表现作者的学术造诣及其历史观和自然观。《九歌》是楚国祀神乐曲,经屈原加工、润色而成,在人物感情的抒发和环境气氛的描述上,充满浓厚的生活气息。然而是代人或代神表述,并非作者自我抒情北京pk10现场开奖直播,它更多地显示了南楚文学传统的痕迹。《离骚》一组,《九歌》一组,构成了屈原作品的基本风格。

LIXIANG

北京pk10现场开奖直播QUYUANDEZUOPINSHITAJIANCHI“MEIZHENG”LIXIANG,YUFUXIUDECHUGUOGUIZUJITUANJINXINGDOUZHENGDESHILU。TADE“MEIZHENG”LIXIANGBIAOXIANZAIZUOPINZHONG,JIUSHI“JUXIANERSHOUNENGXI,XUNSHENGMOERBUPO”(《LISAO》)。SUOWEI“JUXIANSHOUNENG”,JIUSHIBUFENGUIJIAN,BAZHENZHENGYOUCAINENGDERENXUANBASHANGLAIZHILIGUOJIA,FANDUISHIQINGSHILU,XIANZHIJIUGUIZUDUIQUANWEIDELONGDUAN。TAHAIYINULIFUSHUO、TUFULVWANG、SHANGFANNINGQIDELISHISHIJIWEILI,SHUOMINGLEBUJUSHENFENXUANBARENCAIDEHELIXING。SUOWEI“XUNSHENGMOERBUPO”,JIUSHIXIUMINGFADU,JIFABUAGUI,XIANZHIJIUGUIZUDEZHONGZHONGTEQUAN。

QUYUANSUIZAOCHANBEISHU,SHENZHIBEILIUFANG,DANTASHIZHONGYIZUGUODEXINGWANG、RENMINDEJIKUWEINIAN,XIWANGCHUWANGFANRANHUIWU,FENFATUQIANG,ZUOGEZHONGXINGZHIZHU。TAMINGZHIZHONGZHENGENGZHIHUIZHAOZHIHUOHUAN,DANQUESHIZHONG“RENERBUNENGSHEYE”;TAMINGZHIZIJIMIANLINZHEXUXUDUODUODEWEIXIAN,ZAI“CHUCAIJINYONG”DESHIDAIWANQUANKEYIQUBIEGUOXUNQIUCHULU,DANTAQUESHIZHONGBUKENLIKAICHUGUOBANBU。BIAOXIANLETADUIZUGUODEWUXIANZHONGCHENGJIQI“KEYURIYUEZHENGGUANG”DERENGEYUYIZHI。

QUYUANZUOPINHESHENHUAYOUMIQIEGUANXI。XUDUOXUHUANDENEIRONGJIUSHICHENGXISHENHUAFAZHANERLAIDE。QUYUANYOUSHIGUANZHUXIANSHIDESHIREN,ZUOPINLIFANYINGLEXIANSHISHEHUIZHONGDEZHONGZHONGMAODUN,YOUYIJIELUCHUGUODEHEIANZHENGZHIZUIWEISHENKE。

屈原作品的风貌和《诗经》明显不同。这与长江流域的民风和黄河流域的民风不同有关。当时,北方早已进入宗法社会,而楚地尚有氏族社会的遗风,民性强悍,思想活泼,不为礼法所拘。所以,抒写男女情思、志士爱国是如此直切,而使用的材料,又是如此丰富,什么都可以奔入笔底。写人神之恋,写狂怪之士,写远古历史传说,写与天神鬼怪游观,一切神都具有民间普通的人性,神也不过是超出常人的人而已。它们使作品显得色泽艳丽,情思馥郁,气势奔放。这样的作品,表现了与北方文学不同的特色。从体制上看,屈原以前的诗歌,不管是《诗经》或南方民歌,大多是短篇,而屈原发展为长篇巨制。《离骚》一篇就有2 400多字。在表现手法上,屈原把赋、比、兴巧妙地糅合成一体,大量运用“香草美人”的比兴手法,把抽象的品德、意识和复杂的现实关系生动形象地表现出来。

ZAIYUYANXINGSHISHANG,QUYUANDEZUOPINXINGSHISHANGCANCHACUOLUO、LINGHUODUOBIAN;YUYANSHANGCAIYONGLEDALIANGCHUDIFANGYAN,JIFUYUXIANGTUQIXI;QIFANGYANTUYUDADOUJINGGUOTILIAN,CIZAOHUAMEI,CHUANSHENZHUANGMAO,JIFUYUBIAOXIANLI。 QUYUANZUOPINTUPOLE《SHIJING》YISIZIJUWEIZHUDEGEJU,MEIJUWU、LIU、QI、BA、JIUZIBUDENG,YEYOUSANZI、SHIZIJUDE,JUFACANCHACUOLUO,LINGHUODUOBIAN;JUZHONGJUWEIDUOYONG“XI”ZI,YIJI“ZHI”“YU”“HU”“FU”“ER”DENGXUZI,YONGLAIXIEDIAOYINJIE,ZAOCHENGQIFUHUIDANG、YICHANGSANTANDEYUNZHI。ZONGZHI,TADEZUOPINCONGNEIRONGDAOXINGSHIDOUYOUJUDADECHUANGZAOXING。

屈原作品,在楚人建立汉王朝定都关中后,便产生了更大的影响,“楚辞”的不断传习、发展,北方的文学逐渐楚化。新兴的五、七言诗都和楚骚有关。汉代的赋作家无不受“楚辞”影响,汉以后“绍骚”之作,历代都有,作者往往用屈原的诗句抒发自己胸中的块垒,甚至用屈原的遭遇自喻,这是屈原文学的直接发展。此外,以屈原生平事迹为题材的诗、歌、词、曲、戏剧、琴辞、大曲、话本等,绘艺术中如屈原像、《九歌图》、《天问图》等,也难以数计。所以鲁迅称屈原作品“逸响伟辞,卓绝一世”,“其影响于后来之文章, 乃甚或在《三百篇》(《诗经》)以上”(鲁迅《汉文学史纲要》)。 著名诗人郭沫若曾为其编剧《雷电颂》,以纪念其事迹。

ZUOPINFENGGE

QUYUANDEZUOPINCHONGMANLEJIJIDELANGMANZHUYIJINGSHEN。QIZHUYAOBIAOXIANSHITAJIANGDUILIXIANGDERELIEZHUIQIURONGRULEYISHUDEXIANGXIANGHESHENQIDEYIJINGZHIZHONG。RU《LISAO》XIETAXIANGZHONGHUACHENCIZHIHOUYUFENGERXING,TAXIANKOUTIANGONG,DIHUNBIMENBUNA;TAYOUXIAQIUYINV,YINVQIAQIAOBUZAINEILI;TAQUXIANGMIFEIQIUAI,MIFEIQUEDUITAWULI;TAYUQIUJIANDIHEERYAO,YOUKUYUMEIYOUHAODEMEIRENQUTONGXIAOXI。ZHEIZHONGSHANGTIANRUDIDEHUANXIANGYUZHUIQIUFANYINGLEQUYUANZAIXIANSHIZHONGDUILIXIANGDEKUKUTANQIU。CIWAIRU《JIUGE》、《TIANWEN》DENGHAICAIYONGDALIANGSHENHUAHELISHICHUANSHUOWEISUCAI,QIXIANGXIANGZHIDADAN、FENGFU ,GUJINHANYOU。

CHUCIZHIWAI,QUYUANDEZUOPINHAIYIYIXILIEBIXINGSHOUFALAIBIAOQINGDAYI。RUTAYIXIANHUA、XIANGCAOLAIBIYUPINXINGGAOJIEDEJUNZI;YICHOUWU、XIAOAIBIYUJIANNINGHUOBIANJIEDEXIAOREN;YIPEIDAIXIANGCAOLAIXIANGZHENGSHIRENDEPINDEXIUYANG 。ZHEIZHONG“XIANGCAOMEIREN”DEBIXINGSHOUFA,SHIXIANSHIZHONGDEZHONGJIAN、MEICHOU、SHANEXINGCHENGXIANMINGDUIZHAO,CHANSHENGLEYANJIANYIGAI、YANYOUJINERYIWUQIONGDEYISHUXIAOGUO。

QUYUANSHIZHONGGUOWENXUESHISHANGDIYIWEIWEIDADEAIGUOSHIREN。SHILANGMANZHUYISHIRENDEJIECHUDAIBIAO。ZUOWEIYIWEIJIECHUDEZHENGZHIJIAHEAIGUOZHISHI,QUYUANAIZUGUOAIRENMIN、JIANCHIZHENLI、NINGSIBUQUDEJINGSHENHETADERENGE,QIANBAINIANLAIGANZHAOHEBUYUZHEWUSHUZHONGHUAERNV,YOUQISHIDANGGUOJIAMINZUCHUYUWEINANZHIJI,ZHEIZHONGJINGSHENDEGANZHAOZUOYONGJIUGENGJIAMINGXIAN。ZUOWEIYIGEWEIDADESHIREN,QUYUANDECHUXIAN,BUJINBIAOZHIZHEZHONGGUOSHIGEJINRULEYIGEYOUJITIGECHANGDAOGERENDUCHUANGDEXINSHIDAI,ERQIETASUOKAICHUANGDEXINSHITI——CHUCI,TUPOLE《SHIJING》DEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,JIDADIFENGFULESHIGEDEBIAOXIANLI,WEIZHONGGUOGUDAIDESHIGECHUANGZUOKAIPILEYIPIANXINTIANDI。HOURENYEYINCIJIANG《CHUCI》YU《SHIJING》BINGCHENGWEI“FENG、SAO” 。“FENG、SAO”SHIZHONGGUOSHIGESHISHANGXIANSHIZHUYIHELANGMANZHUYILIANGDAYOULIANGCHUANTONGDEYUANTOU。TONGSHI,YIQUYUANWEIDAIBIAODECHUCIHAIYINGXIANGDAOHANFUDEXINGCHENG。

人物生平
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ZAONIANJINGLI

周显王二十九年(公元前340年),一说周显王三十年(公元前339年),正月初七日,屈原北京pk10现场开奖直播生于楚国丹阳。次年,居乐平里。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUXIANWANGSANSHIJIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN330NIAN),QUYUANJULEPINGLI。QUYUANZIYOUSHISHUCHENGPI,DUSHUDUOERZA,“SHIDONGDUSHU”YU“BASHANYELAOSHOUJING”DANGZAIZHEIYINIANDESHIJIAN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUXIANWANGSISHINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN329NIAN),JULEPINGLI。QUYUANSUICHUSHENGUIZU,DANYINZIYOUSHENGHUOZAIMINZHONGZHIZHONG,JIAYIJIATINGDELIANGHAOYINGXIANG,GUERSHIFENTONGQINGPINQIONGDEBAIXING,CONGZHEISHIQI,XIAOXIAONIANJIBIANZUOLEXUDUOTIXUMINZHONGDEHAOSHI,BODELEZHONGKOUYICIDEZANYU。

CHULUCAIHUA

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUXIANWANGSISHIBANIAN(GONGYUANQIAN321NIAN),QINJUNFANJING,QUYUANZUZHILEPINGLIDEQINGNIANFENLIKANGJI,TAYIFANGMIANJUGAOLINXIADIDUIQINGNIANMENJINXINGSIXIANGJIAOYU,YIFANGMIANQIAOYONGGEZHONGZHANSHU,JIZHIGUOGANDIJIDIRENYICHENZHONGDAJI,YIZHANQIFEIFANCAIHUA。

ZHOUSHENJINGWANGYUANNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN320NIAN),ZHONGCHUNSANYUE,QUYUANYINGHUAIWANGZHIZHAOCHUSHANJINJING,ZHEIYINIANTAZAIEZHUWEIXIANCHENG。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUSHENJINGWANGERNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN319NIAN),SHENGRENCHUHUAIWANGZUOTU。ZHEIYINIANDESHENQIU,QUYUANSHOUCISHIQI。

ZHOUSHENJINGWANGSANNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN318NIAN),MANGYUCHUZHINEIZHENGWAIJIAOGONGZUO。WUGUOLIANBINGGONGQIN,QUYUANSUIJUNERQIAN。

RENZHIGAOWEI

三闾大夫屈原 《史记·屈原贾生列传》:屈原者,名平,楚之同姓也。为楚怀王左徒。博闻强识(zhi,四声),明于治乱,娴于辞令。入则与王图议国事,以出号令;出则接遇宾客,应对诸侯。王甚任之。上官大夫与之同列,争宠而心害其能。怀王使屈原造为宪令,屈平属草稿未定。

北京pk10现场开奖直播GUANYUQUYUANSUORENCHUHUAIWANGZUOTUYIZHI,GUJINXUEZHEDUOYOUJIESHI,XIANZEQIYAOZHEERJUZHI:

1、ZHANGSHOUJIESHUO:ZUOTUSHIZUOYOUSHIYIZHILEIDEGUAN。TANG·ZHANGSHOUJIE《SHIJIZHENGYI·QUYUANLIECHUAN》SHUO:“ZUOTUGAIJINZUOYOUSHIYIZHILEI。”DANJUJINXIANDAIXUEZHECHUBINJIE、ZHAOKUIFUDENGRENKAOZHENG,RENWEIHOUSHIDESHIYISHIWEIYANGUAN,KEYISHANGSHUYANSHIERWUSHIQUAN,TANGDAIDESHIYIGUANJIEZHISHI“CONGBAPINSHANG”,TONG《SHIJI》ZHONGDESUOSHUQUYUANSUOCONGSHIDEZHENGZHIHUODONGBUXIANGCHENG。LUKANRU《QUYUANPINGCHUAN》SHUO:“ZUOTUSHIZUOYOUSHIYIZHILEIDEGUAN,JINCIYULINGYIN。”

2、林庚说:左徒是太傅之类的官。林庚《民族诗人屈原传》所附《四注·说左徒》一文中,在引《史记》关于春申君为楚之亲信,任左徒再升令尹的记述后说:“左徒所以说是宫廷的亲信,因为是亲信,所以侍从太子,其情形大约如贾谊之为‘长沙王傅’,秦因此也称黄歇为‘太子之傅’。”

3、YOUGUOENSHUO:ZUOTUSHILINGYINDEFUZHI。YOUGUOENZAI《QUYUAN》YISHUZHONGSHUO,JU《SHIJI·CHUSHIJIA》:“KAOLIEWANGYIZUOTUWEILINGYIN,FENGYIWU,HAOCHUNSHENJUN。”YINCIRENWEIZUOTUZHIZHISIHUJINCIYUDIWEIZUIGAODELINGYIN,YEXUJIUSHILINGYINDEFUZHI。

4、赵逵夫说:左徒是行人。赵逵夫在《屈原与他的时代》中有《左徒·征尹·行人·辞赋》一文。在该文中,他从出土的文物及相关资料进行考证,认为“徒”、“尹”二字是双声假借。并举《离骚》“济沅湘以南征”,《九歌》“驾飞龙兮北征”,又引《尔雅北京pk10现场开奖直播·释者》:“征,行也。”说“征尹”之取义,同于中原国家所谓“行人”,是指负责外交的官员。

5、TANGBINGZHENGSHUO:ZUOTUSHIZUODENGTU。TANGBINGZHENGZAI《QUFUXINTAN·ZUOTUYUDENGTU》YIWENZHONGRENWEI,CENGHOUYIMUCHUTUDEZHUJIANSHANGJIZAIDEGUANZHIYOU“ZUODENGTU”、“YOUDENGTU”ZISHIGUDAIDIANJIZHONG“SHENG”ZIDETONGJIAZI,“SHENG”ZIGUYINGEN“DENG”ZIWANQUANXIANGTONG,BINGQIEHUXIANGTONGJIA,YINCI,“ZUOTU”SHI“ZUODENGTU”DESHENGCHENG,ZAICHUGUOCHAOTINGSHANGSHUYUDAFUJIBIE。TONGSHI,TANGBINGZHENGYEDUI“ZUOTU”DEZHIZHANGJINXINGLESHUOMING,RENWEI“ZUOTU”SUIJIANGUANNEIZHENG、WAIJIAO,DANCONG《QUYUANLIECHUAN》,YOUQISHI《CHUNSHENJUNLIECHUAN》DEJISHULAIKAN,TAMENDEZHUYAOHUODONGDOUZAIWAIJIAOFANGMIAN。RUQUYUANDEJICISHIQIJIQIYUZHANGYIDEDOUZHENGDENGFANGMIANDOUKEYIZHENGSHI。

6、NIESHIQIAOSHUO:ZUOTUSHIJINCIYUZAIXIANGDEGUAN。NIESHIQIAO《QUYUANLUNGAO》SHUO:“LINGYINJIUSHIZAIXIANG,KEJIANZUOTUSHIJINCIYUZAIXIANGDEGUAN。”ZHANANTAIZAI《QUYUAN》YISHUZHONGRENWEI:“WOMENGENJUHOULAICHUNSHENJUN、HUANGXIEYIZUOTUWEILINGYIN,JIUKEYIKANCHU,ZUOTUZAIDANGSHISHIYIGEJINCIYULINGYIN(ZAIXIANG)DEGAOGUAN。”BINGSHUO:“ZUOTUSHENGJIJIUKEYIZUOLINGYIN。”

7、姚小鸥说:左徒是太仆之类的官。姚小鸥在《〈离骚〉“先路”与屈原早期经历的再认识》一文中,考证《离骚》“来吾道夫先路”的“路”就是“辂”,是楚王的乘舆,与下文“恐皇舆之败绩”相合。进而考证了“左徒”的职掌,认为“左徒”是相当于后世“太仆”一类的官职。姚小鸥所说的“太仆”,据《周礼·太仆》载:“太仆,掌王正之服位,出入王之大命。掌诸侯之复逆。”为此,姚小鸥说:“《周礼》中‘太仆’一职为下大夫,其爵位并不高,但职掌甚为重要。”并认为“左徒之职约与《周礼》中的‘太仆’相当”。

8、王一军说:左徒即楚怀王左司徒。王一军在《屈原左徒即左司徒考》(《现代语文》2010年第8期)中指出司马迁《史记》中的屈原为楚怀王左徒即左司徒之略写。根据《屈平列传》中的相关记述,屈原所任职务即起草宪令接遇宾客应对诸侯与《周官书》所规定的大小司徒职守相近。楚人尚右,故右司徒为正,左司徒为副,所以楚君以左右司徒以取代《周官书》的大小司徒之名称。

BIANFAGAIGE

ZHOUSHENJINGWANGSINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN317NIAN),MANGYUBIANFAGAIGE,ZHIDINGBINGCHUTAIGEZHONGFALING。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUSHENJINGWANGWUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN316NIAN),JIXUJINXINGBIANFAGAIGE,YUJIUGUIZUHEYIQIEWANGUSHILIJINXINGDOUZHENG。

ZHOUSHENJINGWANGLIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN315NIAN),SHENRUJINXINGBIANFAGAIGE,MINXINFEITENG;CHUZHIXINGSHIDABIAN,JIUGUIZUMIANLINZHEFUMIEDEMINGYUN。

CHANERJIANSHU

ZHOUNANWANGYUANNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN314NIAN),QUYUANYINSHANGGUANDAFUZHICHANERJIANSHU,BEIBACHUZUOTUZHIGUAN,RENSANLVDAFUZHIZHI。

ZHOUNANWANGERNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN313NIAN),QUYUANDIYICILIUFANGHANBEIDIQU(JINHENANXIXIA、XICHUAN、NEIXIANGYIDAI)。WEILEDAPOCHU、QILIANMENG,QINGUOPAIZHANGYIHUILUCHUGUOQUANGUICHONGCHEN,YOUQIPIANCHUWANGSHUO:“CHUGUORUGUONENGHEQIGUOJUEJIAO,QINGUOYUANYIXIANCHUSHANG、YUYIDAILIUBAIDUOLITUDI。”QUYUANJILIQUANJIAN,DANSHICHUWANGBUTING,CHUHUAIWANGTINGXINZHANGYIDE,JIUBAXIANGYINSHOUYUREN,GENZHANGYIQUQINGUOSHOUDI。ZHANGYIHUIQINGUOHOUZHUANGBING,SANGEYUEBUJIANCHUSHI。HUAIWANGYIWEIZHANGYIGUAITAHEQIGUODUANJUEGUANXIBUGOUJIANJUE,YOUPAIRENQURUMAQIWANGYITONG。QIWANGDANU,DUANJUELEHECHUDEHEZONG,FANERHEQINGUOLIANHEQILAILE。ZHEISHIZHANGYICAICHUMIANDUICHUSHISHUO:“NINWEISHENMEBUJIESHOUTUDINI?CONGMOUDIDAOMOUDI,GUANGMAOLIULI。”LIUBAILIBIANCHENGLELIULI,CHUSHIHENSHENGQI,HUILAIBAOGAOCHUHUAIWANG,HUAIWANGDANU,XIANHOULIANGCIXINGSHIFAQINYUHANBEICHUGUDOUDANYANG(JINHENANXIXIA、XICHUANYIDAI),JIEGUODOUBEIQINDABAI,SANGSHIBAWANJUNDUI,DAJIANGJUNQUGAI、BIJIANGJUNFENGHOUCHOUDENG70YURENBEIQINJUNFULU,HANZHONGJUNLUNXIAN,SHICHENG“DANYANGZHIZHAN”。SUIHOU,QINYOUQIANJUNGONGQUCHUDIHANZHONG(JINSHANXIHANZHONG)600LIDI,ZHIHANZHONGJUN。

ZHOUNANWANGSANNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN312NIAN),CHUGUOFABINGFANJI,ZAILANTIAN(JINSHANXILANTIANYIDAI)DABAI。HAN、WEICHENJITOUXICHUGUOZHIDENG(JINHENANDENGZHOU),CHUGUOJUNDUIBINGWEIJU,CONGQINGUOHUIGUI。HANXUANWANGSI,ZAIWEIERSHIYINIAN。ZIXIANGWANGCANGLI。MENGKEYIDINGZAIZHOUNANWANGSANNIANLIKAIQIGUO。MENGKEZHUZHANG“XINGSHAN”,QUANQIXUANWANGXINGRENZHENG,QUANTENGWENGONGXING“JINGTIAN”,JUNYINWEIYUKUONANXING,BUSHOULIANGGUOCAINA。HUAIWANGZHONGXINQIYONGQUYUAN,RANGTACHUSHIQIGUO,MUDESHIRANGQICHULIANGGUODIJIEXINDELIANMENG。

ZHOUNANWANGSINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN311NIAN),QINHUIWENWANGGENGYUANSHISINIAN,GONGQUCHUZHAOLING。HUIWENWANGYUANFENHANZHONGZHIBANJICHU,YUCHUJIEMENG。CHUHUAIWANGBIQIHANZHONGDETUDI,GENGXIANGYAOHUODEZHANGYI。ZHANGYILAIDAOCHUGUO,YOUYUZHONGJINHUILULEJINSHANG,BINGDEDAOCHUHUAIWANGCHONGJIZHENGXIUJINYAN,DEDAOSHIFANGHUIDAOQINGUO。QINHUIWENWANGSI,ZAIWEIGONGERSHIQINIAN。ZIWUWANGDANGLI。QUYUANCHUSHIQIGUO,HUILAICHUGUODESHIHOUZHANGYIYIJINGLIKAI,QUANJIANHUAIWANGSHUO:“WEISHENMEBUSHAZHANGYI?”HUAIWANGHOUHUI,PAIRENZHUIZHANGYIMEIYOUZHUIDAO。

ZHOUNANWANGWUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN310NIAN),QINWUWANGYUANNIAN。ZHANGYIYOUYUBUBEIWUWANGMANYI,LIKAIQINGUOGANFUWEIGUO。QUYUANRENGSHIHUAIWANGWEISANLVDAFU。HUAIWANGLINGWUDAOBEIZHANGYIQIPIAN,CHUYUYISHIQUANYIZHIJIQIYONGQUYUANWEIQISHI,DANGQUYUANCONGQIGUOHUILAIHOUMASHANGBIANBEICHUHUAIWANGSHUYUAN。

ZHOUNANWANGLIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN309NIAN),QINWUWANGERNIAN,QIXUANWANGYUWEIZONGZHANG,ECHUZHIYUQINHE,QIANSHIYICHUWANGSHU,HUAIWANGYOUYUBUJUE,ZHAOSUILIJIAN,SUIBUHEQINERHEQIYISHANHAN。QUYUANBUNENGCANYUCHAOZHENG,JIKENENGTONGGUOZHAOSUIDENGDACHENDUNHUAIWANGHEQI。

ZHOUNANWANGQINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN308NIAN),QINWUWANGSANNIAN,GANMAOQUHANYIYANG。QUYUANJUZHUZAIYINGDOU,SHETANJIAOXUE。

ZHOUHAOWANGSHIQINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN298NIAN),QINZHAOWANGFABINGCHUWUGUAN,GONGCHU,ZHANSHOU5WAN,QUXI(JINHENANXICHUAN)JIZUOYOU15CHENGERQU。

CHUCILIUFANG

ZHOUNANWANGSHIYINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN304NIAN),QUYUANLIULANGHANBEI(HANJIANGYISHANG,JINHENANNANYANGXIXIA、XICHUANYIDAI)。QINCHUFUHE,YUQUYUANMOUHUAXIANGFAN,ERJIANRENBIYOUCHANYANHAIZHI,BIDIHANBEI,DANGYOUBUDEYIZHIQINGZAI,GU《CHOUSI》YOUYUGUIBUDEZHIYI。

流放背景:战国时代,称雄的齐、楚、燕、韩、赵、魏、秦七国,争城夺地,互相杀伐,连年不断混战。那时,楚国的大诗人屈原,正当青年,为楚怀王的左徒官。他见百姓受到战争北京pk10现场开奖直播灾难,十分痛心。屈原立志报国为民,劝怀王任用贤能,爱护百姓,很得怀王的信任。

JIAYIZAI《DIAOQUYUANFU》ZHONG,ZHEIYANGMIAOXIEQUYUANSUOCHUSHIDAIDESHEHUIZHUANGKUANG:WUHUAIZAI,FENGSHIBUXIANG!LUANFENGFUCUANXI,CHIXIAOAOXIANG。DARONGZUNXIANXI,CHANYUDEZHI。XIANSHENGNIYEXI,FANGZHENGDAOZHI。SHIWEISUI、YIWEIHUNXI,WEIZHI、WEILIAN。MOXIEWEIDUNXI,QIANDAOWEIXIAN。WOQIZHOUDING,BAOKANGPIAOXI。TENGJIABANIU,CANJIANLVXI。JICHUILIANGER,FUYANCHEXI。ZHANGFUJIANLV,JIANBUKEJIUXI。JIEKUXIANSHENG,DULICIJIUXI!

北京pk10现场开奖直播JIAYIBIXIA,QUYUANSHENGHUODESHIDAIYIQIEDOUSHIDIANDAODE:MAOTOUYINGZAITIANSHANGFEIXIANG,LUANFENGQUESHENZANGQILAI;XIAORENDEZHIZUNXIAN,SHENGXIANQUEBUDEQIYONG;ZHENGZHILIANJIEDERENSHOUDAOWUMIE,QIANGHENGCANBAODERENQUEDEDAOCHENGYU;BAOJIANBEIBIANWEIDUNKOU,QIANDAOQUEBEISHUOCHENGFENGLI;GUOZHIZHONGBAOZHOUDINGBEIPAOQI,KONGWAGUANBEIDANGCHENGBAOWU;PINIUBOLVCANJIAZHEMACHE,QIANLIMAQUELAZHECHENZHONGDEYANCHE;MAOZIBENYINGDAIZAITOUSHANG,QUEBEIDIANZAIJIAOXIA,BEIHANSHUISHITOU。ZHEIJIUSHICHUGUODESHIJU。

北京pk10现场开奖直播NEISHIXIFANGDEQINGUOZUIQIANGDA,SHICHANGGONGJILIUGUO。MINGSHIGONGSUNYANTICHUHEZONG,JILIANHELIUGUOYITONGKANGQIN,QUYUANJIJICANYUCISHI,YUGONGSUNYANYIQICUCHENGCHU、QI、YAN、ZHAO、HAN、WEILIUGUOJUNWANGQIJICHUGUODEJINGCHENGYINGDOU,JIECHENGLIANMENG,BINGSHIHUAIWANGCHENGLELIANMENGDELINGXIU,YINCIDEDAOLEHUAIWANGDEZHONGYONG,HENDUONEIZHENG、WAIJIAODASHI,DOUPINGQUYUANZUOZHU。

YINCI,CHUGUOYIGONGZIZILANWEISHOUDEYIBANGUIZU,DUIQUYUANFEICHANGJIDUHEJIHEN,CHANGZAIHUAIWANGMIANQIANSHUOQUYUANDEHUAIHUA。SHUOTADUODUANZHUANQUAN,GENBENBUBAHUAIWANGFANGZAIYANLI。TIAOBODERENDUOLE,HUAIWANGDUIQUYUANJIANJIANSHUYUAN,YINWEIQICHULIANMENG,QINGUOBUGANDONGSHOU,TINGDAOZHEIGEXIAOXI,QINWANGMANGBAXIANGGUOZHANGYIZHAOJINGONGLAISHANGLIANG。 ZHANGYIRENWEILIUGUOZHONGJIAN,QICHULIANGGUOZUIYOULILIANG,ZHIYAOLIJIANZHEILIANGGUO,LIANMENGYEJIUSANLE。TAYUANYICHENCHUGUONEIBUBUHEDEJIHUI,QINZIQUCHAISANLIUGUOLIANMENG。

ZHOUNANWANGSHISANNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN302NIAN),QI、WEI、HANSANGUOLIANJUNGONGDACHUGUO,CHUHUAIWANGPAITAIZIHENGDAOQINGUOWEIRENZHI,QINGQIUQINCHUBINGYUANJIU。QINWANGMINGKEQINGTONGLVBINGJIUCHU,JITUILESANGUOLIANJUN。CINIAN,QINGUOYIDAFUYUTAIZIHENGYINWEISISHIZHENGDOUBEISHASI。TAIZIHENGJUPAQINZHAOWANGGUAIZUI,SIZITAOHUICHUGUO。CISHISHIQIN、CHULIANGGUOGUANXIEHUA,DAOZHILECIHOUQINGUODUICHUGUODEPINFANJINGONG。“QUYUANZENGHENCHUHUAIWANGTINGXINXIAORENCHANYAN,RANGBUZHENSHIDEYUYANMENGBILEZHENGQUEDEYUYAN,ZHEIXIEYAOYANJIANGHUISUNHAICHUGUODELIYI,SHIFANGZHENGDERENBUNENGRONGRENDE,SUOYIQUYUANZAIYOUCHOUYOUSIERZUO《LISAO》。”

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUNANWANGSHILIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN299NIAN),QUYUANCISHIYICONGHANBEIDELIUFANGDIFANHUI,HEZHAOJUDENGYIQI,LIQUANHUAIWANGBUYAOFUHUI,SHUO:“QIN,HULANGZHIGUO,BUKEXIN,BURUWUXING。”KEHUAIWANGDEYOUZIZILANPASHIQUQINWANGHUANXIN,JIELISONGYONGHUAIWANGQIANQU。JIEGUOHUAIWANGYIRUWUGUAN,JIUBEIQINJUNKOULIU,JIEWANGXIANYANG,YAOXIETAGERANGWUJUNHEQIANZHONGJUN。CHUHUAIWANGBEIJIEWANGXIANYANG,CHUYOUQIYINGGUITAIZIHENGLIWEIQINGXIANGWANG,GONGZIZILANWEILINGYIN,BUKENXIANGQINGERANGTUDI,QINYOUFABINGGONGCHU,DABAICHUJUN,ZHANSHOU5WAN,QUSHILIUCHENG。

ERCILIUFANG

周赧王十九年(公元前296年),怀王死于秦国,秦国将他的尸体送回楚国安葬。诸侯由此认为秦国不义。秦国、楚国绝交。屈原于周赧王十九年年免去三闾大夫之职,放逐江南。他从郢都出发,先到鄂渚,然后入洞庭。

ZHOUNANWANGERSHINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN295NIAN),QUYUANDAODAZHANGSHA,ZAIZHEICHUXIANWANGSHIFENGZHIDIBIANLANSHANCHUANXINGSHI,SHENQIZONGGUOZHIQING。

ZHOUHAOWANGERSHIERNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN293NIAN),QINGXIANGWANGLIUNIAN,QINGUOPAIBAIQIQIANWANGYIQUEGONGDAHANGUO,QUDEZHONGDASHENGLI,ZHANSHOU24WAN。QINGUOYUSHISONGJICHUWANGSHUXINSHUO:“CHUGUOBEIPANQINGUO,QINGUOZHUNBEILVLINGZHUHOUTAOFACHUGUO,JUEYISHENGFU。XIWANGNINZHENGDUNSHIZU,DEYITONGKUAIDIYIZHAN。”CHUQINGXIANGWANGBUWANGYUFAN”DEGANQING,YOUZHICHU,HUAIWANGZUIHOULUODAOKESITAGUODEXIACHANG,JIUSHIYINWEI“QISUOWEIZHONGZHEBUZHONG,ERSUOWEIXIANZHEBUXIANYE”。

周赧王二十一年到周赧王三十六年(公元前294年到公元前279年),屈原第二次被流放到南方的荒僻地区。这次流放的路线,按《哀郢》分析,是从郢都(湖北江陵县)出发,先往东南顺江而下经过夏首(湖北沙市东南)、遥望龙门(郢都的东门)经由洞庭湖进入长江,然后又离开了夏浦(湖北汉口),最后到了陵阳(据说是今安徽青阳县南)。时间长达16年,在这之间并写下了大量优秀的文学作品,如《九章·悲回》。

ZITOUMILUO

QINGUODUICHUWANGDETUOXIETUIRANG,BINGBUMANZU。CHUQINGXIANGWANGSHIJIUNIAN(QIAN280NIAN),QINJIANGSIMACUOGONGCHU,CHUGERANGSHANGYONG、HANBEIDI;DIERNIAN,QINBAIQIGONGCHU,QUXIE、DENG、XILING;QINGXIANGWANGERSHIYINIAN(QIAN278NIAN)BAIQIGENGJINYIBUGONGXIALEYINGDOU,QINGXIANGWANGZHIHAOGENNEIXIEZHIZHENGDEGUIZUMENYIQI,LANGBEIBUKANDITAONAN,“BAOYUCHENCHENG(JINHENANHUAIYANGXIAN)”。ZAIJIDUKUMEN、WANQUANJUEWANGDEXINQINGXIA,YUNONGLIWUYUEWURITOUMILUOJIANGZIJINLE。ZHEIYINIANDAGAISHIQINGXIANGWANGERSHIYINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN278NIAN),QUYUANDANGSHI62SUIZUOYOU。

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北京pk10现场开奖直播QUYUANJIANJIE - QUYUANDESHICIMINGJU

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