北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

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孔子

先秦诗人

孔丘孔子,【公元前551年(庚戌)9月28日~公元前479年4月11日,即农历八月廿七~农历二月十一】,名丘,字仲尼。华夏族,春秋末期鲁国陬邑(今山东省曲阜市南辛镇)人,祖籍为宋国(今河南商丘市夏邑县)贵族。儒家学派的创始人,中国古代的思想家、教育家,被誉为“天纵之圣”、“天之木铎”,是当时社会上的最博学者之一,被后世统治者尊为孔圣人、至圣、 至圣先师、万世师表、文宣皇帝、文宣王,是“世界十大文化名人”之首。孔子主要思想主张:“仁”(孔子的思想核心)、“德”(以德教化人民)、“礼”(以礼治理国家)。孔子的儒家思想对中国和世界都有深远的影响,世界各地都有孔庙祭祀孔子。

孔子诗词作品
主要成就
[挑错/完善]

KONGMIAO

孔子庙即孔庙,是纪念祭祀我国伟大思想家、教育家孔子的祠庙建筑。在我国古代建筑类型中,堪称是最为突出的一种,是我国古代文化遗产中极其重要的组成部分。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZIHANDAIYIHOU,GEDIJIKONGHUODONGYANXUBUDUAN,ZAIGEDIZHUJIANJIANCHENGKONGMIAO。QIZHONGWEIYUSHANDONGSHENGQUFUSHINANMENNEIDEKONGMIAOWEIBENMIAO,LINGWAIZAIFUZHOU、BEIJING、QUZHOU、DEYANGDENGDIDOUYOUKONGMIAO。

QUFUKONGMIAO

北京pk10现场开奖直播QUFUKONGMIAOCHUJIANYUGONGYUANQIAN478NIAN,SHIDIYIZUOJISIKONGZIDEMIAOYU,WEIKONGMIAODEBENMIAO。BENMIAOYIKONGZIDEGUJUWEIMIAO,YIHUANGGONGDEGUIGEERJIAN,SHIWOGUOSANDAGUJIANZHUQUNZHIYI,ZAISHIJIEJIANZHUSHISHANGZHANYOUZHONGYAODIWEI。1994NIAN12 YUE,QUFUKONGMIAO、KONGLIN、KONGFUGENJUSHIJIEWENHUAYICHANLINXUANBIAOZHUNC(I)(IV)(VI)RUXUAN《SHIJIEYICHANMINGLU》。

NANKONGKONGMIAO

NANKONGKONGMIAOSHIQUANGUOJINCUNDELIANGGEKONGSHIJIAMIAOZHIYI,WEIYUZHEJIANGQUZHOUSHIQUFUSHANJIEDAOXINQIAOJIE,SHIQUANGUOZHONGDIANWENWUBAOHUDANWEI。

NANSONG·JIANYANCHU,BEIFANGYIBEIJINRENZHANLING,KONGZIDISISHIBASHISUNXIFENGYANSHENGGONGKONGDUANYOUJIQISHUFUKONGCHUANJUEDINGDAIYIBUFENZURENJIKONGZIJIQIGUANFURENKAIMUXIANGHESHENGXIANGBEILIANGJIANBAOWUNANDU,KONGZISHIJIAZONGSHINANQIANQUZHOUZHIHOU,WUMIAOFENGSIXIANZU。TAMENQINGNANSONGCHAOTING,DINGJIANJIAMIAO,FENGSIKONGZIDENGLIEZULIEZONG。BAOYOUYUANNIAN(GONGYUAN1253NIAN),SONGLIZONGBOKUANJIANZAOKONGMIAO。DANZHEIZUOJIAMIAO,HUIYUYUANBINGZHIHOU。

留下的这座家庙始建于明正德年间,由孔庙,孔府及后花园,思鲁阁三部分组成。大部分建筑仿照曲阜孔庙,为思鲁阁为首创,是为告诫孔氏子孙不忘故里。“思鲁阁”是南宗孔氏子孙为表达他们思念山东曲阜和家人而精心设计建造的。

人物生平
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孔子是春秋末期的思想家、教育家,儒家思想的创始人,是儒家学派的代表人物之一。孔氏,子姓,名丘,字仲尼。鲁襄公二十二年(庚戌)八月二十七日(儒略历西元前551年,格里历西元前551年9月28日)申时在山东曲阜诞生。原籍河南商丘,先祖是商朝开国君主商汤。后宋国人孔防叔,生伯夏,伯夏生叔梁纥(hé)。孔子六世祖孔父嘉在宫廷内乱中被华督所杀,其子木金父为避难逃到鲁国邹邑,以其父字为孔我氏。相传孔子曾修《诗》《书》《礼》《乐》,序《周易》,撰写《春秋》。他一生从事传道、授业、解惑,被中国人尊称“至圣先师,万世师表”。孔子死后,弟子及其再传弟子把孔子及其弟子的言行语录和思想记录下来,整理编成著名的儒家学派经典《论语》。

相传他有弟子三千,贤弟子七十二人,曾带领部分弟子周游列国。孔子的思想对后世产生了极其深远的影响。孔子和战国时期儒家代表人物之一的孟子,被后世称为“孔孟”。孔孟两者思想的结合,形成了儒家思想中的“孔孟之道”。

GUIZUCHUSHEN

北京pk10现场开奖直播KONGZISHISHANGCHAOKAIGUOJUNZHUSHANGTANGDEHOUDAI,SHISHANGCHAODEZONGSHI。WUWANGFAZHOUJIANLIZHOUCHAO,WEIANFUSHANGCHAODEGUIZU,FENGYUBO,GUOHAOSUOYISHIYINSHANGDEGUIZUHOUYI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SANJIANZHILUANHOU,ZHOUGONGYIZHOUCHENGWANGZHIMINGFENGSHANGZHOUWANGDESHUXIONG、SHANGCHAOZHONGZHENGDEMINGCHENWEIZIQIYUSONGGUO,SIHOUZANGYUSONGGUOGUDI(JINHENANSHENGSHANGQIUSHISUIYANGQU),JIANYOUWEIZICI。 WEIZIQISIHOU,QIDIWEIZHONGJIWEI。

WEIZHONGQUSHIHOU,ZISONGGONGJIJILI;SONGGONGJIQUSHIHOU,ZIDINGGONGSHENJILI。SONGDINGGONGQUSHIHOU,ZIMINGONGGONGJILI。SONGMINGONGQUSHIHOU,DIYANGGONGXIZILI,TAIZIFUFUHEBUDELI。YUSHIFUFUHEZHIDIGONGZIFUSISHAYANGGONG,YULIFUWEISONGLIGONG。FUFUHECHENGWEIZHENGQING。

北京pk10现场开奖直播FUFUHESI,ZISONGFUZHOULI;SONGFUZHOUSI,SHIZISHENGJILI,SHIZISHENGSHENGZHENGKAOFU。ZHENGKAOFUSHISONGGUODAI、WU、XUANSANWEIGUOJUN,YIGONGJINGZHUCHENG,“YIMINGERLOU,ERMINGERYU,SANMINGFU“。ZHENGKAOFUCHANGCHAOZHOU,QUHUI《SHANGSONG》,JINXINGLEYIXIEZHENGLI,BUCHONGLEZAISONGGUOYIJINGWANGSHIDEPIANZHANG。

ZHENGKAOFUSI,ZIKONGFUJIAJILI。KONGFUJIASHISONGMUGONG。MUGONGLINSIQIAN,BULIJIZIGONGZIFENG,ERLIXIONGZIGONGZIYUYI,YIBAOXIONGZHANGXUANGONGRANGGUOZHIEN。QUSHIZHENG、WEIDENGGUOZUOZHAN,DANDUOYISHIBAIGAOZHONG,YINQIGUORENBUMAN。KONGFUJIAYOUQISHIFENMAOMEI,YINQILINGYIZHUZHENGDAFUHUAFUDUDECHUIXIAN。YUSHIHUAFUDUJIEGUORENBUMAN,FADONGBINGBIAN,SHADIAOLEKONGFUJIAYUSONGSHANGGONG。KONGFUJIAZHIZIMUJINFUTAODAOLUGUO,CONGCIKONGJIACHENGWEILUGUOREN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播MUJINFUSHENGQIFUGAOYI,QIFUSHENGKONGFANGSHU,KONGFANGSHUSHENGBOXIA,BOXIASHENGSHULIANGHE,SHULIANGHESHIWEIKONGZIDEFUQIN,SHILUGUOZHUMINGDEWUSHI。QIAN563NIANJINGUOXUNYINGLVSHIYIGUOLIANJUNJINGONGXIAOGUOBIYANG(JINSHANDONGZAOZHUANGSHIZHONGQU),BIYANGZHAJIANG,LIANJUNRUCHENGHOUJIJIANGXIACHENGMENZHUNBEIXIJILIANJUN,ERCISHISHULIANGHEZEJINQIANTUOZHUCHENGMEN,SHILIANJUNANRANTUICHUBIYANG。MENGXIANZICHENGZANTA:“《SHI》SUOWEI‘YOULIRUHU’ZHEYE”。

SHENGRENJIANGSHI

SHULIANGHEZHENGQISHISHI,SHENGJIUNVERWUZI,QIESHENGZHANGZIMENGPI,DANMENGPIYOUZUJI,BUNENGWEISI,YUSHISHULIANGHEQIUYUYANSHI。YANSHIYOUSANNV,QIEYUYUSHULIANGHEWEIHUN,DANYOUNIANSHULIANGNIANLAOQIEXINGQINGJIZAO,YUSHIZHENGQIUSANGENVERDEYIJIAN。LIANGZHANGNVJIEBUYUAN,WEIXIAONVYANZHENGZAIYUANJIASHULIANGHE。

颜征在时年十八,而叔梁纥已经六十六岁,年龄相差悬殊,两人为婚于《周礼北京pk10现场开奖直播》不合,夫妻在尼山居住并且怀孕,故谓之“野合”。鲁襄公二十二年(前551年)八月孔子降生。孔子生而头上圩顶,而又因其母曾祷于尼山,故名“丘”。

ZAONIANSHENGHUO

北京pk10现场开奖直播KONGZISANSUIDESHIHOU,SHULIANGHEBINGSHI,ZANGYUFANG。SHULIANGHESIHOU,YANZHENGZAISHIQUBIYOU,BEISHULIANGHEZHENGQISHISHISUOZHU,YUSHIDAIKONGZISHUXIONGMENGPIYUKONGZIZHIQUFUQUELI,GUOZHEQINGPINDESHENGHUO。KONGZIZHANGDAHOU,YIBUDEBUWEISHENGHUOZUOXUDUOCUHUO。KONGZIHOULAICENGSHUO:“WUSHAOYEJIAN,GUDUONENGBISHI。”

北京pk10现场开奖直播SUIRANJIATINGPINKUN,DANKONGZIRENGRANQINFENHAOXUE。YOUNIANDEKONGZICHANGJIANGJISIYONGDELIQI(ZUDOU)BAISHEQILAI,LIANXIXINGLIYANLI,ZUOWEIYIZHONGYOUXI。KONGZIZHANGCHENGHOU,SHENGAOJIUCHIYOULIUCUN,YINCIXIANGRENCHENGQIWEI“ZHANGREN”。JISHICENGXIANGSHI,KONGZIYEQIANQU,DANWEIJISHIJIACHENYANGHUSUOCHU,YUSHIKONGZIFANHUI。

TASHANGSHITU

北京pk10现场开奖直播KONGZIZI20DUOSUIQI,JIUXIANGZOUSHITU,SUOYIDUITIANXIADASHIFEICHANGGUANZHU,JINGCHANGSIKAOZHILIGUOJIADEZHUDUOWENTI,YECHANGFABIAOYIXIEJIANJIE,DAO30SUISHI,YIYOUXIEMINGQI。

LUZHAOGONGERSHINIAN,QIJINGGONGCHUFANGLUGUOSHIZHAOJIANLEKONGZI,YUTATAOLUNQINMUGONGCHENGBADEWENTI,KONGZIYOUCIJIESHILEQIJINGGONG。LUZHAOGONG25NIAN,LUGUOFASHENGNEILUAN,LUZHAOGONGBEIPOTAOWANGQIGUO,KONGZIYELIKAILUGUO,DAOLEQIGUO,SHOUDAOQIJINGGONGDESHANGSHIHEHOUDAI,SHENZHICENGZHUNBEIBANIXIYIDAIDETIANDIFENGJIKONGZI,DANBEIDAFUYANYINGZU。

LUZHAOGONG27NIAN,QIGUODEDAFUXIANGJIAHAIKONGZI,KONGZITINGSHUOHOUXIANGQIJINGGONGQIUJIU,QIJINGGONGSHUO:“WULAOYI,FUNENGYONGYE。”KONGZIZHIHAOCANGHUANGTAOHUILUGUO。DANGSHIDELUGUO,ZHENGQUANSHIJIZHANGWOZAIDAFUDEJIACHENSHOUZHONG,BEICHENGWEI“PEICHENZHIGUOZHENG”,YINCIKONGZISUIYOUGUOLIANGCICONGZHENGJIHUI,QUEDOUFANGQILE,ZHIDAOLUDINGGONG9NIANBEIRENMINGWEIZHONGDOUZAI,CISHIKONGZIYI 51SUILE。

北京pk10现场开奖直播KONGZINIANQINGSHIZUOGUOJIRENXIAOGUAN,KONGZIZHILIZHONGDOU(JINWENSHANGXIAN)YINIAN,ZHUOYOUZHENGJI,BEISHENGWEIXIAOSIKONG,BUJIUYOUSHENGWEIDASIKOU,SHEXIANGSHI,LUGUODAZHI。LUDINGGONG12NIAN,KONGZIWEIXUERUOSANHUAN(JISUNSHI、SHUSUNSHI、MENGSUNSHISANJIASHIQING,YINWEISHILUHUANGONGDESANGEERZIDEHOUDAI,GUCHENGSANHUAN,DANGSHIDELUGUOZHENGQUANSHIJIZHANGWOZAITAMENSHOUZHONG,ERSANHUANDEYIXIEJIACHENYOUZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGKONGZHIZHESANHUAN,CAIQULEHUI(hui,YINHUI)SANDOUDECUOSHI(JICHAIHUISANHUANSUOJIANCHENGBAO)。HOULAIHUISANDOUDEXINGDONGBANTUERFEI,KONGZIYUSANHUANDEMAODUNYESUIZHIBAOLU。LIANGEWU,DUORIBULICHAOZHENG,KONGZIFEICHANGSHIWANG,BUJIULUGUOJUXINGJIAOJI,JISIHOUANGUANLISONGJIROUJIDAFUMENSHIBINGMEIYOUSONGJIKONGZI,ZHEIBIAOMINGJISHIBUXIANGZAIRENYONGTALE,KONGZIZAIBUDEYIDEQINGKUANGXIALIKAILUGUO,DAOWAIGUOQUXUNZHAOCHULU,KAISHILEZHOUYOULIEGUODELVCHENG,ZHEIYINIAN,KONGZI55SUI。

ZHOUYOULIEGUO

KONGZIDAIDIZIXIANDAOLEWEIGUO,WEILINGGONGKAISHIFEICHANGZUNZHONGKONGZI,ANZHAOLUGUODEFENGLUBIAOZHUNFAJIKONGZIFENGSU6 WAN,DANBINGMEIJITASHENMEGUANZHI,MEIRANGTACANYUZHENGSHI。KONGZIZAIWEIGUOZHULEYUE10GEYUE,YINYOURENZAIWEILINGGONGMIANQIANJINCHANYAN,WEILINGGONGDUIKONGZIQILEYIXIN,PAIRENGONGKAIJIANSHIKONGZIDEXINGDONG,YUSHIKONGZIDAIDIZILIKAIWEIGUO,DASUANQUCHENGUO。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LUGUOKUANGCHENG(JINHENANSUIXIAN)SHI,YINWUHUIBEIRENWEIKUNLE5RI,TAOLIKUANGCHENG,DAOLEPUDI,YOUPENGSHANGWEIGUOGUIZUGONGSHUSHIFADONGPANLUAN,ZAICIBEIWEI。TAOTUOHOU,KONGZIYOUFANHUILEWEIGUO,WEILINGGONGTINGSHUOKONGZISHITUCONGPUDIFANHUI,FEICHANGGAOXING,QINZICHUCHENGYINGJIE。CIHOUKONGZIJICILIKAIWEIGUO,YOUJICIHUIDAOWEIGUO,ZHEIYIFANGMIANSHIYOUYUWEILINGGONGDUIKONGZISHIHAOSHIHUAI,LINGYIFANGMIANSHIKONGZILIKAIWEIGUOHOU,MEIYOUQUCHU,ZHIHAOYOUFANHUI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LUAIGONG2NIAN(KONGZI59SUI),KONGZILIKAIWEIGUOJINGCAO、SONG、ZHENGZHICHENGUO,YUSHIPAIFULAOYIDERENJIANGKONGZISHITUWEIKUNZAIBANDAO,QIANBUKAOCUN,HOUBUKAODIAN,SUODAILIANGSHICHIWAN,JUELIANG7RI,ZUIHOUHAISHIZIGONGZHAODAOCHUREN,CHUPAIBINGYINGKONGZI,KONGZISHITUCAIMIANYUYISI。KONGZI64SUISHIYOUHUIDAOWEIGUO,68SUISHIZAIQIDIZIRANQIUDENULIXIA,BEIYINGHUILUGUO,DANRENGSHIBEIJINGERBUYONG。

孔子的家境相当贫寒。由于身处乱世,孔子所主张的仁政没有施展的空间,但在治理鲁国的三个月中,使强大的齐国也畏惧孔子的才能,足见孔子无愧于杰出政治家的称号。政治上的不得意,使孔子将很大一部分精力用在教育事业上。孔子曾任鲁国司寇,后携弟子周游列国,入东周向老子请教。最终返回鲁国,专心执教。孔子打破了教育垄断,开创了私学先驱,弟子多达三千人,其中贤人七十二,便是著名的七十二贤士。七十二人中有很多为各国高官栋梁,又为儒家学派延续了辉煌。这“七十二贤士”中,又数颜回,是孔子最爱的弟子。

JIAHEXIQU

ZHEIDUANQIJIANKONGZIZHUANZHUYUJIAOYUHEGUJIZHENGLI。LUAIGONGSHIERNIANDONG,KONGLIXIANKONGZIERSI。LUAIGONGSHISINIAN,YANHUIXIANTAERQU。KONGZIYOUSUOGANKAI:“XICONGWOWUCHENCAIZHE,JIEBUJIMENYE。”AIGONGSHISINIANXIA,QIGUOCHENHENGSHIQIJUN,KONGZIZHAIJIEMUYUSANTIAN,XIANGAIGONGKENQINGFAQI,AIGONGRANGTA“GAOJISUN”,KONGZIYOUXIANGJISUNQINGQIUCHUBING,JIEGUOZAODAOJUJUE。

QIAN480NIAN,KONGZILINGYIDEYIMENSHENGZILUSIYUWEIGUONEILUAN,ERQIEHAIBEIDUOCHENGROUJIANG。JINGGUOZHEIYIXILIEDAJIHOU,KONGZIZHIDAOZIJISHIRIBUDUO。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIAN479NIANDEYITIAN,ZIGONGLAIJIANKONGZI,KONGZIZHUZHANGYIYUMENQIANYAOYAOXIANGWANG。TADUIZIGONGSHUO:“CI,NIZIZENMELAIDEZHEIMEWAN?”YUSHITANXIDAO:“TAISHAN(JITAISHAN)HUAIHU!LIANGZHUCUIHU!ZHERENWEIHU!”SHUOWAN,LIUXIAYANLEI。JIEZHETAYOUDUIZIGONGSHUO:“XIARENBINYUDONGJIE,ZHOURENBINYUXIJIE,YINRENBINYULIANGZHUJIAN。WOZUOWANMENGDAODIANYULIANGZHUZHIJIAN。WOSHIYINREN。”

QITIANHOU,KONGZISHISHI,ZHONGNIANQISHISANSUI,BEIZANGYUQUFUCHENGBEIDESISHUIANBIAN。ZHONGDIZIWEIQIFUSANG3NIAN,ZIGONGWEIKONGZISHOUFEN6NIAN。

KONGZISHIHAO

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHOUJINGWANGSISHIYINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN479NIAN),KONGZIQUSHI,DIZIXINSANGSANNIAN,LUYUMUPANGZHEBAIYUSHI,YINMINGQIDIWEI「KONGLI」,BINGGEZHISHUYIKE。KONGZIHOUYICHENGJIQIRUXUE,WEIMINGXIANG、BOSHI、DARU。TAIWANZHIKONGCHUIZHANGXIANSHENG,WEIQI79DAIDISUN。KONGZISHIJIAOYUJIA、YISHIZHENGZHIJIA,KONGZIQUSHIHOU,LIDAIDIWANGWEIZHANGXIANDUIKONGZIDEZUNCHONG,BUDUANZHUIFENGZHUISHI。

XIHANYUANSHIYUANNIAN(GONGYUANYUANNIAN),HANPINGDILIUKANZHUIFENGKONGZIWEI“BAOCHENGXUANNIGONG”“BAOCHENG”BAOJIANGQIGONGLAO,“XUANNI”SHISHIHAO,“GONG”SHIJUEWEI。

BEIWEITAIHESHILIUNIAN(GONGYUAN492NIAN),XIAOWENDIYUANHONGCHENGKONGZIWEI“WENSHENGNIFU”。“WENSHENG”SHIZUNHAO,“NIFU”SHIJINGCHENG。

BEIZHOUDAXIANGERNIAN(GONGYUAN580NIAN),JINGDIYUWENYANZHUIFENGKONGZIWEI“ZOUGUOGONG”,“ZOU”SHIGUOMING,“GONG”SHIJUEWEI。

SUIKAIHUANGYUANNIAN(GONGYUAN581NIAN),WENDIYANGJIANCHENGKONGZIWEI“XIANSHINIFU”;QIANFENGYUANNIAN(GONGYUAN666NIAN),GAOZONGLIZHIZENGKONGZIWEI“TAISHI”,“TAISHI”WEIGUANWEI。

武周天绶元年(公元690年),武则天封孔子为“隆道公”。“隆道”是封号,“公”是爵位。

TANGKAIYUANERSHIQINIAN(GONGYUAN739NIAN),XUANZONGLILONGJIFENGKONGZIWEI“WENXUANWANG”。“WENXUAN”WEISHIHAO,“WANG”SHIJUEWEI。ZHEIERDE“WANG”BUSHIHOUSHIHUANGDIYIXIADEHOUWANGDEWANG,ERSHIZHOUTIANZI“WUWANG”“CHENGWANG”DEWANG。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SONGRENZONGZHIHEERNIAN(1055NIAN)GAIWENXUANGONGWEIYANSHENGGONG,HOUDAIXIANGYANBUGAI。

西夏仁宗三年(公元1146年)三月,西夏仁宗颁布诏令:“尊孔子为文宣帝,令州郡悉立庙祀,殿庭宏敞,并如帝制。”(据《宋史北京pk10现场开奖直播·夏国传》和吴广成《西夏书事》记载)这一封号是给历朝历代最高级别的人的。

北京pk10现场开奖直播YUANCHAODADESHIYINIAN(1307NIAN)CHENGZONGJIAXIAN“DACHENGZHISHENGWENXUANWANG”。

MINGCHAOSHIZONGJIAJINGJIUNIAN(1530NIAN)ZUN“ZHISHENGXIANSHI”。

QINGCHAOSHUNZHIERNIAN(1645NIAN)SHIZUZUN“DACHENGZHISHENGWENXUANXIANSHI”。

ZHONGHUAMINGUOERSHISINIAN(1935NIAN)GUOMINZHENGFUZUN“DACHENGZHISHENGXIANSHI”。

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