北京pk10现场开奖直播

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嵇康

魏晋诗人

嵇康(224-263,一说223-262),字叔夜,汉族,三国时期魏国谯郡铚县(今安徽省宿州市西)人。著名思想家、音乐家、文学家。正始末年与阮籍等竹林名士共倡玄学新,主张“越名教而任自然”、“审贵贱而通物情”,为“竹林七贤”的精神领袖。曾娶曹操北京pk10现场开奖直播曾孙女,官曹魏中散大夫,世称嵇中散。后因得罪钟会,为其构陷,而被司马昭处死。

主要成就
[挑错/完善]

YINLESHUFA

嵇康通晓音律,尤爱弹琴,著有音乐理论著作《琴赋》《声无哀乐论》。他主张声音的 本质是“和”,合于天地是音乐的最高境界,认为喜怒哀乐从本质上讲并不是音乐的感情而是人的情感。嵇康作有《北京pk10现场开奖直播入松》,相传《孤馆遇神》亦为嵇康所作。又作《长清》、《短清》、《长侧》、《短侧》四曲,被称为“嵇氏四弄”,与蔡邕创作的“蔡氏五弄”合称“九弄”,是我国古代一组著名琴曲。

嵇康擅长书法,工于草书。其墨迹“精光照人,气格凌云”,被列为草书妙品。唐张彦远《法书要录》品为草书第二。又善丹青,唐张彦远《历代名记》载其时有嵇康《巢由洗耳图》《狮子击象图》传世,俱已失佚。

WENXUECHUANGZUO

嵇康的文学创作,主要包括诗歌和散文。其诗今存50余首,以四言律诗为多,占一半以上。 嵇康著作,《隋书·经籍志》著录有集13卷,又别有15卷本,宋代原集散失,仅存10卷本。明代诸本卷数与宋本同,但篇数减少。明本常见的有汪士贤刻《嵇中散集》(收入《汉魏六朝二十名家集》中),张溥刻《嵇中散集》(收入《汉魏六朝百三家集》中),等等。1924年,鲁迅辑校《嵇康集》,1938年收入《鲁迅全集》第9 卷中。戴明扬校注的《嵇康集》1962年人民文学出版社出版,此书除校、注外,还收集了有关嵇康的事迹、评论材料。

YANGSHENGZHIDAO

JIKANGJICHENGLELAOZHUANGDEYANGSHENGSIXIANG,JINXINGSHIJIANPOYOUXINDE,TADE《YANGSHENGLUN》SHIZHONGGUOYANGSHENGXUESHISHANGDIYIPIANJIAOQUANMIAN、JIAOXITONGDEYANGSHENGZHUANLUN。HOUSHIYANGSHENGDAJIARUTAOHONGJING、SUNSIMIAODENGDUITADEYANGSHENGSIXIANGDOUYOUJIEJIAN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播《JIKANGJI》SHIJUANSHUZHONG,PIANPIANHANYANGSHENGZHILI,TICHU“YUEMINGJIAOERRENZIRAN”DEYANGSHENGKANFA。

WEIJINZHISHI,YANGSHENGZHIXUEDAXING,DANDANGSHIYOULIANGZHONGXIANGDUILIDESIXIANGCUNZAI:YISHIRENWEIXIUDAOKECHENGXIAN,ZHANGSHENGBULAO;ERSHIRENWEI“SHENGSIQUANYOUTIAN,BANFENBUYOUREN。”JIKANGZHENDUIZHEIZHONGXIANXIANG,ZHICHUSHENXIANBUKENENG,RUGUODAOYANGDELI,ZEANQI、PENGZUZHILUNKEJIDEKANFA。

ZAITADEZHONGYAOZHUZUO《YANGSHENGLUN》ZHONG,TAYIDAOYANGDELIKESHOUDEZONGLUNDIAN,TICHULEYIXIAGUANDIAN:

北京pk10现场开奖直播YI、XINGSHENJIANYANG,ZHONGZAIYANGSHEN。TAJULISHUOMINGJINGSHENDUIRENTIDEQIANGDAZUOYONG,ZHICHU“YOUCIYANZHI,JINGSHENZHIYUXINGHAI,YOUGUOZHIYOUJUNYE。”ERZHONGYIXUEYERENWEIRENYISHENWEIGENBEN,SHENMIEZEXINGMIE。JIKANGZAICIZHUAZHULEYANGSHENGDEGENBEN。

ER、YANGSHENGYAOZHONGYIGONGYUANYI,SHENYIGUOZHIHAI,QUANMIANJINXING。JIKANGRENWEIWANWUBINGTIANDIERSHENG,HOUTIANJIYUDEYANGHUBUTONG,SHOUMINGYEBUJINXIANGTONG,WUYIYIXIAOERBUWEI,WUYIGUOXIAOERWEIZHI,FANGWEIDUJIAN,TIZAOYUFANG,JIJIZHENGQUZHANGSHOU。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SAN、ZHICHURUOBUZHUZHONGYANGSHENG,DANSHENGSE,NIZIWEI,QIQINGTAIGUO,ZEYIYAOZHE。“FUYIZUIERZHIQU,GONGZHIZHEFEIYITU;YIJIEZHISHEN,ERNEIWAISHOUDI,SHENFEIMUSHI,QINENGJIUHU?”

北京pk10现场开奖直播SI、JIKANGHAIGAOJIEYANGSHENGZHEYAOYOUXINXIN,JIANCHIBUXIE,FOUZEJIUBUYIYOUXIAO。HAIYAOYISHANYANGSHENGZHEWEIBANGYANG,JIJIXIQUHAODEYANGSHENGFANGFA,QINGXINGUAYU,SHOUYIBAOZHEN,BING“ZHENGYILINGZHI,RUNYILIQUAN,XIYICHAOYANG,HUANYIWUXIAN”,JIUKEYI“YUXIANMENBISHOU,YUWANGQIAOZHENGNIAN”。

JIKANGZIJIYESHENTILIXING,QIYOURENYAN:“YUKANGJUERSHINIAN,WEICHANGJIANQIXIYUNZHISE”,TAZIJITIDELILUN,JIHUTIAOTIAOZUODAO,DANQUEFANLE“YINGNEIERWANGWAI”YIJI,ZUIZHONGSHOURENWUXIANERYUHAI。

人物生平
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JIAZUCHUSHEN

JIKANGSHENGYUWEIWENDIHUANGCHUWUNIAN(224NIAN),QIZUXIANBENXINGXI,ZHUZAIHUIJISHANGYU(JINZHEJIANGSHENGSHAOXINGSHISHANGYUQU),QICENGZUFUHOUWEIDUOBICHOUJIA,QIANXIDAOQIAOGUODEZHIXIAN(JINANHUISHENGSUIXIXIANLINHUANZHEN),BINGGAIXINGWEIJI。JIKANGDEFUQINJIZHAO,ZIZIYUAN,GUANZHIDUJUNLIANGZHISHUSHIYUSHI。JIKANGYOUXIONGZHANG,MINGJIXI,ZAONIANJIYIXIUCAISHENFENCONGJUN,YOUWEIGUANDEZHIXIANG,HOUGUANZHITAIPU、ZONGZHENG。

TIANJINGWUYU

嵇康年幼丧父,由母亲和兄长抚养成人。幼年聪颖,博览群书,学习各种技艺。成年后喜读道家著作,身长七尺八寸,容止出众,然不注重打扮。后迎娶了沛王曹林之女长乐亭主为妻,因而获拜郎中,后任中散大夫。嵇康与长乐亭主育有一儿一女(其子即嵇绍)。他常修炼养性服食内丹之事,弹琴吟诗,自我满足。

北京pk10现场开奖直播JIKANGCHONGSHANGLAOZHUANG,CENGSHUO:“LAOZHUANG,WUZHISHIYE!”JIANGQIUYANGSHENGFUSHIZHIDAO。ZHUZHANG“YUEMINGJIAOERRENZIRAN”DESHENGHUOFANGSHI,ZHU《YANGSHENGLUN》LAICHANMINGZIJIDEYANGSHENGZHIDAO。TAZANMEIGUDAIYINZHEDASHIDESHIJI,XIANGWANGCHUSHIDESHENGHUO,BUYUANZUOGUAN。

嵇康曾经游于山泽采药,得意之时,恍惚之间忘了回家。当时有砍柴的人遇到他,都认为是神仙。到汲郡山中见到隐士孙登,嵇康便跟他遨游。孙登沉默自守,不说什么话。嵇康临离开时,孙登说:“你性情刚烈而才气俊杰,怎么能免除灾祸啊?”嵇康又遇到隐士王烈,一道入山中,王烈曾得到石头的精髓饴糖,便自己吃了一半,余下一半给嵇康,都凝结为石头。又在石室中见到一卷白绢写的书,立即喊嵇康去取,而书就再也不见了。王烈于是感叹道:“嵇康志趣不同寻常却总是怀才不遇,这是命啊!”

JIANJUCHUSHI

ZHANGQUANDEDAJIANGJUNSIMAZHAOYULIPINTAWEIMUFUSHUGUAN,TAPAODAOHEDONGJUNDUOBIZHENGPI。SILIXIAOWEIZHONGHUISHENGLIQIANQUBAIFANG,ZAODAOTADELENGYU。TONGWEIZHULINQIXIANDESHANTAOLIKAIXUANGUANZHIZHISHI,JUJIANJIKANGDAITIZIJI。JIKANGZUO《YUSHANJUYUANJUEJIAOSHU》,LIECHUZIJIYOU“QIBUKAN”、“ERBUKE”,JIANJUEJUJUECHUSHI。

GUANGLINGJUEXIANG

LVANZHIQIXUSHIMAOMEI,BEILVANDEXIONGZHANGLVXUNMIJIAN。LVANFENHENZHIXIA,YUZHUANGGAOLVXUN。JIKANGYULVXUN、LVANXIONGDIJUNYOUJIAOWANG,GUQUANLVANBUYAOJIEFAJIACHOU,YIQUANMENDIQINGYU。DANLVXUNHAIPABAOFU,YUSHIXIANFAZHIREN,FANGUOLAIWUGAOLVANBUXIAO,SHIDELVANBEIGUANFUSHOUBU。JIKANGFEICHANGFENNU,CHUMIANWEILVANZUOZHENG,YINERCHUNULESIMAZHAO。CISHI,YUJIKANGSUYOUENYUANDEZHONGHUI,CHENJIXIANGSIMAZHAOXIANHAIJIKANG,XIALINGCHUSILVAN、JIKANG。

JIKANGXINGXINGDANGRI,SANQIANMINGTAIXUESHENGJITIQINGYUAN,QINGQIUCHAOTINGSHEMIANTA,BINGYAOQIURANGJIKANGLAITAIXUERENJIAO,TAMENDEZHEIXIEYAOQIUBINGMEIYOUBEITONGYI。LINXINGQIAN,JIKANGSHENSEBUBIAN,RUTONGPINGCHANGYIBAN。TAKANLEKANTAIYANGDEYINGZI,ZHIDAOLIXINGXINGSHANGYOUYIDUANSHIJIAN,BIANXIANGXIONGZHANGJIXIYAOLAIPINGSHIAIYONGDEQIN,ZAIXINGCHANGSHANGFULEYIQU《GUANGLINGSAN》。QUBI,JIKANGBAQINFANGXIA,TANXIDAO:“CONGQIANYUANXIAONI(YUANZHUN)CENGGENWOXUEXI《GUANGLINGSAN》,WOMEIMEILINXIERGUSHOUBUJIAOSHOUTA,《GUANGLINGSAN》XIANZAIYAOSHICHUANLE。”(《GUANGLINGSAN》BINGBUSHIJIKANGDUZUO,ERSHIJIKANGYOUWANLUOXISHI,WEIYIGURENSUOZENG)SHUOWANHOU,CONGRONGJIULU,SHINIANSANSHIJIUSUI。HAINEIDESHIRENMEIYOUBUTONGXIDE,SIMAZHAOBUJIUHOUBIANYISHIDAOCUOWU,DANZHUIHUIMOJI。DONGJINMINGSHIXIEWANJIANGQILIEWEI“BAXIAN”ZHIYI。YUANHONGZAI《MINGSHICHUAN》ZHONGYECHENGJIKANGDENGQIRENWEI“ZHULINMINGSHI”。

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