北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

秦观

宋代诗人

秦观(1049-1100)字太虚,又字少游,别号邗沟居士,世称淮海先生。汉族,北宋高邮(今江苏)人,官至太学博士,国史馆编修。秦观一 生坎坷,所写诗词,高古沉重,寄托身世,感人至深。秦观生前行踪所至之处,多有遗迹。如浙江杭州的秦少游祠,丽水的秦少游塑像、淮海先生祠、莺花亭;青田的秦学士祠;湖南郴州三绝碑;广西横县的海棠亭、醉乡亭、淮海堂、淮海书院等。秦观墓在无锡惠山之北粲山上,墓碑上书“秦龙图墓”几个大字。有秦家村、秦家大院以及省级文物保护单位古文游台。

秦观诗词作品
秦观古籍名句
主要成就
[挑错/完善]

QINSHAOYOUSHIBEISONGWENXUESHISHANGDEYIWEIZHONGYAOZUOJIA,DANSHI,ZHANGQIYILAI,RENMENZAITANDAOQINSHAOYOUSHI,XIGUANSHANGZONGSHIBATAYUWANYUECILIANXIZAIYIQI,QUEJIAOSHAOTIJITADESHI,GENGSHAOLUNJITADEWEN。QISHI,ZAIQINSHAOYOUXIANCUNDESUOYOUZUOPINZHONG,CIZHIYOUSANJUAN100DUOSHOU,ERSHIYOUSHISIJUAN430DUOSHOU,WENZEDASANSHIJUANGONG250DUOPIAN,SHIWENXIANGJIA,QIPIANFUYUANYUANCHAOGUOCIRUOGANBEI。DANGRAN,PINGJIAYIGEZUOJIADECHENGJIUBUNENGZHIKANZUOPINSHULIANGERBUKANZHILIANG,YOUDEZUOJIACUNSHISUIZHIYOUYIBU(PIAN)ZUOPIN,DANQIYINGXIANGJUDA,ZAIWENXUESHISHANGDEDIWEIQUESHIWUKEHANDONGDE。JINGUANRUCI,YAOLISHIERKEGUANDIPINGJIAQINSHAOYOUZAIWENXUESHISHANGDEGONGXIANYUDIWEI,RUGUOZHILUNQICI,ERBULUNQISHIQIWEN,YOUQISHIBULUNQICELUN,BUJINYOUSHIPIANPO,ERQIEYEPINGBUCHUYIGEWANZHENGDEQINSHAOYOU。

JINKOUXIANSHI,BUSHANGKONGTAN

秦少游的策论共有50篇,其中进策30篇,进论20篇。认真分析这些策论的内容就可以发现,这些文章大都能紧扣当时的社会现实,较少作书生之空谈。这一方面与当时制科之文的要求有关,一方面也与其业师苏东坡的鼓励与点拨有关。苏东坡是唐宋八大家之一,其散文创作的成就颇高,他的鼓励与点拨当然是经验之谈。

YINGUZHENGJIN,SHUOLITOUCHE

CELUNSHIGUDAIDEYIZHONGTEYOUWENTI,XIANGDANGYUXIANDAIDEZHENGLUNWEN,SHICHENXIANGJUNTICHUDEYOUGUANGUOSHI、CHAOZHENGDEYIJIANHEJIANYI。TADEYUEDUDUIXIANGZHUYAOSHIDIWANG,YINERZAIXIEZUOSHANGBUNENGZHANGPIANDALUNDIFANFANERTAN,PIANFUYAODUAN,LILUNYAOMING,LUNJUYAOZU,SHUOLIYAOTOU。JIYAOZHUYIYISHIYIYI、SHENRUQIANCHU,GENGYAOZHUYIYANERYOULI,YANERYOUJU,YANERYOUXU。TONGGUANQINSHAOYOUSUOXIEDECELUN,JIBENSHANGDADAOLEYISHANGJIDIANYAOQIU,TEBIEZAIYINGUZHENGJIN、SHUOLITOUCHEFANGMIANGENGSHIWUXIEKEJI。

JIEGOUYANMI、ZHANGFAJINGRAN

熙宁四年,宋神宗采纳王安石的建议,改革科举法,“罢诗赋及明经诸科,专以经义、论策试士”。为了应举,秦少游在策论的写作上下了不少功夫,他对策论写作的重视甚至超过诗词赋。他曾说“作赋何用好文章,只以智巧饤饾为偶俪而已。若论为文,非可同日语也。” 正因为如此,秦少游的策论无论长短都非常注意谋篇布局,注意结构和章法的变化。

PUCHENPAIBI,QIZUSHENWAN

XIANQINZHUZIBAIJIADESANWENHEHOULAITANGSONGBADAJIADESANWENDADOUJIANGJIUYUNYONG“ZHENGJU”PUCHENPAIBI,RANGRENDUQILAIGANDAOYOUYIGUQISHIPUMIANERLAI,HENYOUZHENHANLI。QINSHAOYOUZAIBAODUDALIANGJINGDIANSANWENDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DUISANWENZHONGRUHEYUNYONGPUCHENPAIBIXINLINGSHENHUI,JIAZHITAQINGSHAONIANSHIYEXIEGUO《FUSHANYANFU》《HUANGLOUFU》《TANGQUANFU》《GUOZIYIDANQIJIANLUFU》《HEYUANMINGGUIQULAICI》DENG,TEBIESHIWEIJINIANSUDONGPOZAIXUZHOUKANGHONGCHENGGONGSUOXIEDE《HUANGLOUFU》JIUHENDESUDONGPODESHANGSHI,RENWEIZHEIPIANFU“XIONGCIZAJINGU,ZHONGYOUQUSONGZI”。TABAFUZHONGYUNYONGDEJIAQINGJIUSHUDEPUCHENPAIBIYOUYUNYONGDAOCELUNZHONGLAI,JIUSHIWENZHANGGENGJIAQIZUSHENWAN。ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,QINSHAOYOUDECELUNLILUNGAOYUAN、SHUOLITOUCHE、ZHANGFAYANJIN、WENBIXILI,YOUYIZHONGTEYOUDEYISHUZHANGLI,WANQUANKEYIYONG“CIHUAERQIGU,SHIBEIERYIGAO”LAIYIYANYIGAIKUOZHI。

其实,对秦少游策论的评价,无论是古代还是现代都是很高的。宋代吴曾《能改斋漫录》:“……至于议论文字,今日乃付之少游及晁、张、无己……”。苏东坡《辨贾易弹奏待罪札子》:“秦观北京pk10现场开奖直播自少年从臣学文,词采绚发,议论锋起,臣实爱重其人。”清代梁章冉《扪虱新话》:“……少游文学西汉,所进策论,颇苦刻露,不甚含蓄。若比东坡,不觉望洋而叹,然亦自成一家。”现代著名学者朱东润则说:“予于少游之书,尤喜读进策三十篇,观其所得,导源东波,所见益卓。其论选举与役法者,皆深造而有得,不为世俗之言。”

人物生平
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秦观,北宋中后期著名词人,与黄庭坚张耒、晁补之合称“苏门四学士”,颇得苏轼赏识。熙宁十一年(1078年)作《黄楼赋》,苏轼赞他“有屈宋之才”。元丰七年(1084年)秦观自编诗文集十卷后,苏轼为之作书向王安石北京pk10现场开奖直播推荐,王安石称他“有鲍、谢清新之致”。 因秦观屡得名师指点,又常与同道切磋,兼之天赋才情,所以他的文学成就灿然可观。他后来于元丰八年(1085年)考中进士,初为定海主簿、蔡州教授,元祐二年(1087年)苏轼引荐为太学博士,后迁秘书省正字,兼国史院编修官。哲宗于绍圣元年亲政后(1094年)“新党”执政,“旧党”多人遭罢黜。秦观出杭州通判,道贬处州,任监酒税之职,后徙郴州,编管横州,又徙雷州。徽宗即位后秦观被任命为复宣德郎,之后在放还北归途中卒于藤州。

其散文长于议论,《宋史》评其散文“文丽而思深”。其诗长于抒情,敖陶孙《诗评》说:“秦少游如时女游春,终伤婉弱。”他是北宋后期著名婉约派词人,其词大多描写男女情爱和抒发仕途失意的哀怨,文字工巧精细,音律谐美,情韵兼胜,历来词誉甚高。然而其词缘情婉转,语多凄黯。有的作品终究气格纤弱。代表作为《鹊桥仙》、(纤云弄巧)、《望海潮》、(梅英疏淡)、《满庭芳》、(山抹微云)等。《鹊桥仙》中的“两情若是久长时,又岂在朝朝暮暮!”被誉为“化腐朽为神奇”。《满庭芳》中的“斜阳外,寒鸦数点,流水绕孤村”被称做“天生的好言语”。南宋张炎之《词源》:“秦少游词体制淡雅,气骨不衰,清丽中不断意脉,咀嚼无滓,久而知味。”生平详见《宋史·文苑传》。著有《淮海集》40卷,以及《淮海居士长短句》、《劝善录》、《逆旅集》等作品。。其所编撰的《蚕书》,是我国现存最早的一部蚕桑专著。极善书法,小楷学钟王,遒劲可爱,草书有东晋风味,行楷学颜真卿。建炎四年(1130),南宋朝廷追赠秦观为“直龙图阁学士”,后世称之为“淮海公”。

WEISHIQI

秦观在未仕期间,大多在故乡高邮居家耕读,为科举做准备。然而亦时常游历于江淮吴楚之间,徜徉于山光水色之中。 在这段期间秦观的主要出游地有二:一为神宗熙宁九年(1076年),秦观同孙莘老、参寥子游访漳南老人于历阳惠济院,浴汤泉,游龙洞山。又往乌江拜谒项羽墓,极尽山水名胜。此次出游共赋得诗词三十余首,并作《汤泉赋》一篇,以记途踪。二为神宗元丰二年(1079年),秦观前往越州省亲,适逢苏轼自徐州徙往湖州,于是便乘苏轼官船一同南下。途经无锡,与苏轼同游惠山,又经吴兴,泊西观音院,同访诸寺。端午过后,遂别苏轼赴越,中秋时,与参寥子、辩才法师同游龙井,其后又与郡守程公辟游玩鉴湖、拜谒禹庙,相得甚欢。直至岁末年关家书催归,秦观始依依不舍的乘船北上。写下著名的《满庭芳》(山抹微云)来描述离别情意,透露出对此段漫游岁月美好的缱绻不舍。

“XUEERYOUZESHI”SHITIANXIADUSHURENDEMENGXIANG,QINGUANYIBULIWAI,RANERQINGUANDEKEJUZHENGTUQUELVZAOCUOZHE。SHENZONGYUANFENGYUANNIAN(1078NIAN)QINGUANDIYICICANJIAKEJUYINGSHI,QUESHIBAOZHEMANMANDEQIWANGHUANLAILUODIDEMINGYUN,YUSHITABIANMASHANG“DUMENQUESAO,RIYISHISHUZIYU” ,KEJIANZHEIYISHIBAI,DUITAERYAN,SHIJINGSHENSHANGDEDAJI。SHENZONGYUANFENGSINIAN(1081NIAN)QINGUANZAICIYINGSHI,QUEYIJIUMINGLUOSUNSHAN。KEJUDEJIELIANSHILI,SHIDEQINGUANXINJINGGENGJIAYOUCHOUBEIYU,RENQINGLE“FENGSUMORONGWURU,CAINENGXIANCHIHUWEISHI” DESHEHUIXIANSHI。YINCIZHIHAOGAIBIANTAIDU,XUEXISHIWENBINGXIANGSHIRENTOUXIANSHIWEN,WANGHUOJUJIAN。“GONGFUZHONGBUFUYOUXINREN”,QINGUANZAISHENZONGYUANFENGBANIAN(1085NIAN)CANJIADISANCIKEJUKAOSHI,ZHONGYUCHENGGONGKAOQUJINSHI,TASHANGQITONGYANGLVZAOCUOZHEDESHINIANSHIHUANZHITU。

RUSHIQI

北京pk10现场开奖直播PENGDANGQINGYASHIBEISONGZHENGZHISHANGDEDANANTI,GENGSHILINGCHAOTINGBUANDEYIDALUANYUAN。QINGUANRUSHIZHISHI,SHIFENGBEISONGPENGDANGDOUZHENGRIYIJILIEZHIJI。QINGUANYUCIYISHENBUYOUJIDIXIANRULEZHEICHANGZHENGZHIXUANWOZHIZHONG,WUFAZIBA。 YUANFENGBANIAN(1085NIAN),QINGUANDENGKEYIHOU,RENDINGHAIZHUBUJICAIZHOUJIAOSHOU。YINQIQINFUSUSHI,BEISHIWEI“JIUDANG”,CONGCIDANGZHENGDEPOHAIBIANCONGWEIJIANDUAN。YUANYOUERNIAN(1087NIAN)SUSHI、XIANYUSHEN,GONGYI“XIANLIANGFANGZHENG”JIANQINGUANYUCHAO,WUNAIQUEBEIRENYI“MOXUYOU”DEZUIMINGJIAYIWUGAO。YUANYOUWUNIAN(1090NIAN)FANGYOUFANYINCHUNYINJIAN,DEYIHUIJINGRENMISHUSHENGZHENGZI。YUANYOULIUNIANYOUYIN“LUODANG”JIAYIDIQI"BUJIAN"ERBAQUZHENGZI。JIEERLIANSANDEZHENGZHIPOHAI,SHIDEQINGUANDASHOUDAJI,DUIZHENGZHIKAISHIHUIXIN,QIEYOUTUIYINZHIYI。YUANYOUQINIAN(1092NIAN),QINGUANSHOUZUOXUANDELANG,YOUYOUMISHUSHENGZHENGZI,ZUOQIANGUOYUANBIANXIUGUAN,CANXIU《SHENZONGSHILU》,SHENDEENCHONG。SHUYUEZHIJIAN,BAZHUOLIANLIAN。CISANNIANYIWEIQINGUANSHIHUANQIJIANZUISHUNSUIDESHIHOU。HUANDAWEIJIU,YUANYOUJIUNIAN(1094NIAN)TAIHUANGTAIHOUGAOSHIBENGSHI,ZHEZONGQINZHENG。“XINDANG”ZHIRENXIANGJIHAICHAO,“JIUDANG”ZHIRENZELIANZAOBACHU,QINGUANLISHIQINIANDEBIANZHESHENGYACONGCIKAISHI。

BIANZHEQI

TAIHUANGTAIHOUGAOSHIBENGSHI,ZHEZONGQINZHENG。ZHENGJUSHUNBIAN,“JIUDANG”CHUJING。QINGUANZUOWEI“JIUDANG”HEXINRENWU,YIZAISUONANMIAN。 QINGUANSHOUXIANBEIBIANWEIHANGZHOUTONGPAN,YINYUSHILIUZHENGGAOTAZHONGXIU《SHENZONGSHILU》SHI,SUIYIZENGSUN,DIHUIXIANDI。YINERZAIQIANWANGHANGZHOUTUZHONGYOUBIANZHICHUZHOURENJIANJIUSHUI。ZAICHUZHOURENZHIZHISHI,QINGUANXUEFOYIQIANCHOUMEN,CHANGYUFOSISENGRENTANFOLIAOSHAN,BINGWEISENGRENCHAOXIEJINGWEN。TADECIZUO《QIANQIUSUI》ZAIHUIYIDANGNIANSHENGHUISHI,SHUFALEHENSHENDEGANKAIYUCHOUQING:SHUIBIANSHAWAI,CHENGGUOCHUNHANTUI。HUAYINGLUAN,YINGSHENGSUI。PIAOLINGSHUJIUZHAN,LIBIEKUANYIDAI。RENBUJIAN,BIYUNMUHEKONGXIANGDUI。 YIXIXICHIHUI,YUANLUTONGFEIGAI。XIESHOUCHU,JINSHEIZAI?RIBIANQINGMENGDUAN,JINGLIZHUYANGAI。CHUNQUYE,FEIHONGWANDIANCHOURUHAI。

无奈小人诬陷,状告秦观私撰佛书,便又因此获罪。《宋史·文苑传》云:"使者承风望指,伺候过失,既而无所得。则以谒告写佛书为罪,削秩徙郴州"。削秩是将所有的官职同封号除掉,是宋朝对士大夫最严重的惩罚。贬黜南蛮时,秦观心情悲怅,早已绝了希冀,便作《踏莎行》词。虽将《千秋岁》的直抒换为比兴,没有“愁如海”之类的字眼,然而内心深处却依然郁结难解: 雾失楼台,月迷津渡,桃源望断无寻处。可堪孤馆闭春寒,杜鹃声里斜阳暮。驿寄梅花,鱼传尺素,砌成此恨无重数。郴江幸自绕郴山,为谁流下潇湘去。

QINGUANFANGZHICHENZHOUYOUYIZHIHENGZHOUBIANGUAN,YUANFUYUANNIAN(1098NIAN),YIQIANLEIZHOUBIANGUAN。YANWANGLIJINGSHIYUELAIYUEYUAN,GUIXIANGWUQI,QINGUANZIFUWANCI。CICIDAOJINXINZHONGQIKU,JIAORENXINSHENGBEIWAN。 YUANFUSANNIAN(1100NIAN)ZHEZONGJIABENG,HUIZONGJIWEI,XIANGTAIHOULINCHAO。ZHENGTANJUSHIBIANDONG,QIANCHENDUOBEIZHAOHUI。QINGUANYEFUMINGXUANDELANG,FANGHAIHENGZHOU。DANGNIANWUYUEXINGZHITENGZHOU,CHUYOUGUANGHUATING,SUOSHUIYUYIN,SHUIZHI,XIAOSHIERZU。ZHANGWENQIANCENGZUO《JIQINSHAOYOUWEN》YUN:“WUHU!GUANBUGUOZHENGZI,NIANBUDENGXIASHOU。JIANGUANYOUHUAN,HENGDEMAGOU。CUANSHENZHANGHAI,ZUPUHUANGLOU。”DAOJINLEQINGUANKANKEYISHENG,JUJUTONGCHEXINFEI。YIDAIWENREN,MINGYUNJINGSHIRUCIDEKANKEQUZHE,ZUIHOUJINGSIZAIHUANGMANZHIDI,LINGRENWUXIANGANKAI。

HUNYINJIATING

作者:陈雄 出自《公然走私的爱情》一书(河北大学出版社出版)

QINGUANDEZHENGQIJIAOXUWENMEI,ERFEICHUANSHUOZHONGDESUXIAOMEI。ZHEISHITAZIJIZAIWEIYUEFUXIEDEWENZHANGLIJIAODAIDE。TADEYUEFUSHIGAOYOUYIWEIXINGXUDEFUSHANG,YINWEIYOUDIANQIAN,JUANLEYIGEZHUBUDEGUANDANG,SHENGLESANGENVER,FENBIEJIAOXUWENMEI、XUWENYING、XUWENROU。QINGUANZAI《XUJUNZHUBUXINGZHUANG》YIWENMOWEISHUO:“XUJUNNVSANREN,CHANGTANYUE:ZIDANGDUSHU,NVBIJIASHIREN。YIWENMEIQIYU,RUQIZHIYUN。”

北京pk10现场开奖直播GUANYUQIQIJIUSHIDIANLEYIXIAMINGZIERYI,ZAIQINGUANDESHIWENZHONGTIJIBUDUO。LIRU《LINJIANGXIAN》:

北京pk10现场开奖直播JIZIWEIRENJIAOBUZHENG,YANERSHISHUIWEIZHONG。XUNSIMOYANGZAOXINZHONG。DUANCHANGXIESHOU,HESHITAICONGCONG。

BURENCANHONGYOUZAIBEI,FANYIMENGLIXIANGFENG。YAOLIANNANDAISHANGGUPENG。XIYANGLIUSHUI,HONGMANLEIHENZHONG。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZAIRU《MANTINGFANG·CHACI》:

北苑研膏,方圭圆璧,名动万里京关。碎身粉骨,功合上凌烟。尊俎风流战胜,降春睡、开拓愁边。纤纤捧,香泉溅乳,金缕鹧鸪斑。 相如方病酒,一觞一咏,宾有群贤。便扶起灯前,醉玉颓山。搜揽胸中万卷,还倾动、三峡词源。归来晚,文君未寝,相对小妆残。

北京pk10现场开奖直播MOJUYIXIANGRUWENJUNLAIBIYUQINGUANFUFU,SHUOMINGLIANGRENGANQINGHAISHIHENSHENHOUDE,DANXUWENMEIDAGAIBUSHIQINGUANZUIZHONGAIDENVZI。YOURENTONGJI,QINGUANLIUCHUANXIALAIDESIBAIDUOSHOUSHICI,YUESIFENZHIYIWEI“AIQINGSHI”,ERQIZHONGDEZHURENGONGJUEDADUOSHUSHIQINGLOUGENV。QIANZHONGSHUZAI《SONGSHIXUANZHU》DEXULISHUOQINGUANDESHISHI“GONGRANZOUSIDEAIQING”。《RUXIYUYINCONGHUA》YIN《YIYUANCIHUANG》SHUOLEQINGUANDEYIJIANFENGLIUSHI。QINGUANZAISHAOXINGDESHIHOU,YOUDANGDIZUIGAOZHANGGUANTAISHOUJIEDAI,ZHUGAOJIBINGUANPENGLAIGE。YIRI,ZAIXISHANGKANZHONGYIGEGEJI,YUSHIFU《MANTINGFANG》,KAITOUYIJUSHI“SHANMOWEIYUN”,HOULAIJIUSHI“XIAOHUN,DANGCIJI,XIANGNANGANJIE,LUODAIQINGFEN。MANYINGDEQINGLOU,BOXINGMINGCUN”LE。CICILIUCHUANSHENGUANG,SUSHICENGXICHENGQINGUANWEI“SHANMOWEIYUNQINXUESHI”。

北京pk10现场开奖直播MINGDAIDEJIANGYIKUIZAI《YAOSHANTANGWAIJI》ZHONGZETOULULEQINGUANDELINGLIANGCIYANSHI。“QINSHAOYOUZAICAIZHOU,YUYINGJILOUWANZIDONGYUZHESHENMI”,TAZHUANWEIQINGRENXIELEYISHOU《SHUILONGYIN》,HAIFEIXINDIJIANGLOUDONGYUDEMINGZIXIEJINQU,“XIAOLOULIANYUANHENGKONG”、“YUPEIDINGDONGBIEHOU”JIUSHIMIMIAN。ER“HUAXIAZHONGMEN,LIUBIANSHENXIANG,BUKANHUISHOU。NIANDUOQING,DANYOUDANGSHIHAOYUE,ZHAORENYIJIU”SHISHUOTAMENYOUHUIQINGJINGDE。QINGUANHAIYOUGUOYIWEIJIAOTAOXINERDEQINGREN,TACENGZENGYISHOU《NANGEZI》JIZHEIWEIMINGJI,MOJUDE“TIANWAIYIGOUCANYUE,DAISANXING”,JIUSHIWEITAOXINERDE“XIN”ZIDADEYAMI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播CAIQINGDOUYONGZAIJINVSHENSHANG,SHIBUSHIYOUDIAN“LANGFEI”?YIZHIYUHUANGTINGJIANDOUKANBUGUOQULE,XIELEYISHOUSHIQUANGAOTA,QIZHONGYOU“CAINANBUYIDE,ZHIDALVEXIJIN”DEJUZI,QINGUANKANLEHENBUGAOXING。

北京pk10现场开奖直播CHUANTONGDESHICIJIANSHANG,FENXIQINGUANSHI,ZONGSHIDINGXINGWEIXIE“GEJIDELIANQING,TONGSHIYOURONGRUZIJIDESHENSHIZHIGAN”,DANZHEIBINGBUSHIHEJIEDUQINGUANDESUOYOUAIQINGCI。NATADEJINGDIANMINGJU“LIANGQINGRUOSHIJIUZHANGSHI,YOUQIZAICHAOCHAOMUMU”LAISHUO,JIUBINGMEIYOUQIANLIANDAOSHENMESHITUSHIYIDESHENSHIZHIGAN。XIANGFAN,RUGUOJIEHETAFANGLANGDEQINGGANJINGLILAIKAN,WANQUANKEYIDADANDIJIASHE,ZHEIZHISHIQINSHAOYOUANWEICHIQINGNVZIDETUOCI,HUOZHESHUOBAITUOYIDUANJIULIANQINGDEMEILIJIEKOU。

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