北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

朱熹

宋代诗人

朱熹(1130年9月15日~1200年4月23日),行五十二,小名沋郎,小字季延,字元晦,一字仲晦,号晦庵,晚称晦翁,又称紫阳先生、考亭先生、沧州病叟、云谷老人、沧洲病叟、逆翁。谥文,又称朱文公。汉族,祖籍南宋江南东路徽州府婺源县(今江西省婺源),出生于南剑州尤溪(今属福建三明市)。南宋著名的理学家、思想家、哲学家、教育家、诗人、闽学派的代表人物,世称朱子,是孔子孟子以来最杰出的弘扬儒学的大师。

朱熹诗词作品
人物生平
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NIANSHAOQIUXUE

宋朝建炎四年(1130年)农历九月十五日,朱熹北京pk10现场开奖直播出生于尤溪县城水南郑义斋馆舍(今南溪书院),乳名沈郞。朱熹出生时右眼角长有七颗黑痣,排列如北斗。

宋朝绍兴五年(1135年),五岁时,朱熹始入小学,能读懂《孝经》,在书额题字自勉:“若不如此,便不成人。”六岁时,朱熹与群儿游玩,以指八卦于郑氏馆舍前沙洲上。向父亲问日、问天。

SHAOXINGQINIAN(1137NIAN),ZHUSONGYINGZHAORUDOU,FUDOUZHIQIAN,TABAQIZIZHUSHIHEZHUXISONGDAOJIANZHOUPUCHENGYUJU。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXINGSHISANNIAN(1143NIAN),ZHUSONGBINGSHIYUJIANOU,LINZHONGQIANBAZHUXITUOFUJICHONGAN(JINWUYISHANSHI)WUFUHAOYOULIUZIYU(ZHUXIYIFU),YOUXIEXINQINGWUFUDELIUZIHUI(PINGSHAN)、LIUMIANZHI(BAISHUI)、HUXIAN(JIXI)DENGSANWEIXUEYANGSHENHOUDEPENGYOUDAIWEIJIAOYUZHUXI。LIUZIYUSHIZHUXIRUJICHU,ZAIQISHEBANGZHUSHIANZHIZHUXIYIJIA,MINGYUEZIYANGLOU。

SHAOXINGSHIQINIAN(1147NIAN),ZHUXI18SUI,ZAIJIANZHOUXIANGSHIZHONGKAOQUGONGSHENG。

SHAOXINGSHIBANIAN(1148NIAN)CHUN,LIUMIANZHIJIANGZIJIDENVERLIUQINGSIXUPEIJIZHUXI。TONGNIANSANYUEZHUXIRUDOUKEJU,ZHONGWANGZUOBANGDIWUJIADIJIUSHIMING,ZHUNCHICITONGJINSHICHUSHEN。

CHURUSHITU

SHAOXINGERSHIYINIAN(1151NIAN),ZHUXIZAICIRUDOUQUANSHIZHONGDENG,SHOUZUODIGONGLANG、QUANZHOUTONGANXIANZHUBU。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXINGERSHISANNIAN(1153NIAN)XIA,ZHUXIFUTONGANTUZHONG,SHOUXUEYUYANPINGLIDONG。QIUQIYUE,ZHUXIZHITONGAN。YIQI“DUNLIYI、HOUFENGSU、HELIJIAN、XUMINYIN”DEZHIXIANZHIFAGUANLIXIANSHI,PAIJIETONGAN、JINJIANGLIANGXIANXIEDOU,ZHENGDUNXIANXUE、CHANGJIAN“JIAOSITANG”,ZAIWENMIAODACHENGDIANCHANGJIAN“JINGSHIGE”,ZHUZHANGJIANMIANJINGZONGZHIQIAN。

SHAOXINGERSHIQINIAN(1157NIAN),ZHUXIRENMANBAGUI。

SHAOXINGERSHIBANIAN(1158NIAN),ZHUXIYIYISHIDAO“WANGFOQIUXIANZHISHIFENG,DIAOBIMINQI,HAOSANGUOLI,YOUAIGUOJIAZHONGXING”,DASUANZHONGXINTASHANGQIUSHIZHILU,JUEXINBAILIDONGWEISHI,YINDECHENGXIERCHENG“LUOXUE”DEZHENGTONG,DIANDINGLEZHUXIYIHOUXUESHUODEJICHU。TIXIEDE“YUANFEIYUYUE”SIZIBIANE。ZHUXIGUIZITONGAN,BUQIUSHIJIN,ZHUYAOJINXINGJIAOYUHEZHUSHUHUODONG。SHAOXINGSANSHIERNIAN(1162NIAN),SONGXIAOZONGJIWEI,ZHAOQIUCHENMINYIJIAN。ZHUXIYINGZHAOSHANGFENGSHI,LICHENFANHEZHUZHAN、FANFOCHONGRUDEZHUZHANG,XIANGCHENJIANGXUEMINGLI、DINGJIHUIFU、RENXIANXIUZHENGDEYIJIAN。LONGXINGYUANNIAN(1163NIAN)SHIYUE,ZHUXIYINGZHAORUDUICHUIGONGDIAN,XIANGSONGXIAOZONGMIANZOUSANZHA:YIZHALUNZHENGXINCHENGYI、GEWUZHIZHIZHIXUE,FANDUILAO、FOYIDUANZHIXUE,ERZHALUNWAIRANGYIDIZHIFUCHOUDAYI,FANDUIHEYI,SANZHALUNNEIXIUZHENGSHIZHIDAO,FANDUICHONGXINNINGCHEN。DANDANGSHITANGSITUIWEIXIANG,ZHUZHANGHEYI。ZHUXIDEKANGJINZHUZHANGMEIYOUBEICAINA。SHIYIYUE,CHAOTINGRENZHUXIWEIGUOZIJIANWUXUEBOSHI。ZHUXICIZHIBUJIU,QINGCIGUICHONGAN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播NANSONGQIANDAOSANNIAN(1167NIAN)BAYUE,ZHUXIZAILINZEZHI、FANNIANDEDEPEITONGXIAQIANWANGTANZHOU(JINZHANGSHA)FANGWENHUXIANGXUEPAIDAIBIAOZHANGCHI。《DONGGUILUANGAO》CHENG。

QIANDAOSINIAN(1168NIAN),CHONGANFASHENGSHUIZAI。ZHUXILIQUANHAOMINFAZANGSUZHENJI,HAIXIANGGUANFUQINGDAILIANGSHILIUBAIHUSANFAYUMIN,SHIMINBUZHIAIE。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIANDAOWUNIAN(1169NIAN),ZHUXIWUDAO“ZHONGHEJIUSHUO”ZHIFEI,YONG“JING”HE“SHUANGXIU”SIXIANGZHONGDUCHENGHAO、CHENGYIZHUZUO,CONGQUANXINJIAODUDUCHUANG“ZHONGHEXINSHUO”。ZHEISHIZAIXUESHUSHISHANGJUYOUHUASHIDAIYIYI、YINGXIANGSHIFENSHENYUANDEZHONGDASHIJIAN,BIAOZHIZHUXIZHEXUESIXIANGDECHENGSHU。

HANQUANZHUSHU

QIANDAOWUNIAN(1169NIAN)JIUYUE,ZHUXIMUQUSHI,ZHUXIJIANHANQUANJINGSHEWEIMUSHOUMU,KAISHILEZHANGDALIUNIANZHIJIUDEHANQUANZHUSHUSHIQI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIANDAOQINIAN(1171NIAN)WUYUE,WEILEGENBENSHANGJIEJUEBAIXINGZAINIANSHENGJIWENTI,ZAIWUFUCHUANGJIAN“SHECANG”。ZHEIZHONGZUOFAKEYIJIANQINGPINMINKUNNAN,HUANHESHEHUIMAODUN,YEJIANQINGCHAOTINGDESHIZHENGYALI,HOUWEIXUDUODIFANGSUOFANGXIAO。SHIYIYUE,ZHUXIHUIYOUXI,YUZHIXIAN、HAOYOUSHIZIZHONGJIANGLUNXUEWENYUXIANXUE。ZAISHIZIZHONGDEPEITONGXIA,YOULANQIFUZHUSONGRENYOUXIXIANWEISHIYANJUZHISUO“WEIZHAI”JIUZHI,SHOUSHU“WEIZHAIJIUZHI”SIZIKESHIJIEBANG。

QIANDAOJIUNIAN(1173NIAN),ZUO《ZHONGXIUYOUXIMIAOXUEJI》,QINSHU“MINGLUNTANG”ZHIBIANXUANGUAYUYOUXIXIANXUEGONGZHENGTANG。CONGCITIANXIAXUEGONGBIANJIEMOCIKEZHIXUANGUA。

宋朝淳熙二年(1175年)正月,吕祖谦从浙江东阳来访朱熹,在寒泉精舍相聚一个半月,编次《近思录》成,史称“寒泉之会”。五月,送吕祖谦至信州鹅湖寺(今鹅湖书院),陆九龄、陆九渊及刘清之皆来会,史称“鹅湖之会”。鹅湖之会的直接动因是吕祖谦想利用这个机会调和朱、陆学说之间的矛盾。在学术上,朱熹认为心与理是两个不同的概念,理是本体,心是认识的主体。二陆主张心与理是一回事,坚持以心来统贯主体与客体。朱熹与陆氏兄弟论辩、讲学达十日之久。鹅湖之会并没有达到双方统一思想的目的,但使他们各自对对方的思想及其分歧有了进一步认识,也促使他们自觉不自觉地对自己的思想进行反省。

ZHONGJIANSHUYUAN

北京pk10现场开奖直播CHUNXIWUNIAN(1178NIAN),SONGXIAOZONGRENZHUXIZHINANKANGJUNJIANGUANNEIQUANNONGSHI。CHUNXILIUNIANSANYUE,ZHUXIDAOREN。DANGNIANSHIFENGDAHAN,ZAIHAIYANZHONG,ZHUXIDAORENHOU,JIZHESHOUXINGXIUSHUILI,KANGZAIJIUHUANG,ZOUQIJUANMIANXINGZIXIANSHUIQIAN,SHIZAIMINDEYISHENGHUO。SHIYUE,ZHUXIXINGSHIPOTANGSHI,ZAIQIAOFUDEZHIDIANXIAZHAODAOBAILUDONGSHUYUANDEFEIZHI。JINGZHUXIDEJIELICHANGDAO,DAOCHUNXIQINIANSANYUE,BAILUDONGSHUYUANHENKUAIXIUFU。ZHUXIZAINANKANGJUNRENSHANG,WEIBAILUDONGSHUYUANDANJINGJIELV,BUYIYULI。TACENGZIJIANDONGZHU,YANQINGMINGSHI,CHONGSHITUSHU,HAIQINGHUANGDICHIE,CIYUSHU。HAIZHIBANXUETIAN,GONGYANGPINQIONGXUEZI,BINGQINZIDINGLIXUEGUI,JIZHUMINGDE《BAILUDONGSHUYUANJIAOGUI》。《BAILUDONGSHUYUANJIAOGUI》SHISHIJIEJIAOYUSHISHANGZUIZAODEJIAOYUGUIZHANGZHIDUZHIYI,DUIJIAOYUMUDE、XUNLIANGANGMU、XUEXICHENGXUJIXIUJIZHIRENDAOLI,DOUYIYIZUOLEMINGQUEDECHANSHUHEXIANGXIDEGUIDING,TABUJINCHENGWEIHOUXUZHONGGUOFENGJIANSHEHUI700NIANSHUYUANBANXUEDEMOSHI,ERQIEWEISHIJIEJIAOYUJIEZHUMU,CHENGWEIGUONEIWAIJIAOYUJIAYANJIUJIAOYUZHIDUDEZHONGYAOKETI。

CHUNXIBANIAN(1181NIAN)ERYUE,LUJIUYUANLAINANKANGFANGZHUXI,XIANGYUJIANGXUEBAILUDONGSHUYUAN。BAYUE,SHIZHEDONGDAJI。YINZHUXIZAINANKANGJIUHUANGYOUFANG,ZAIXIANGWANGHUAIJIANZHUXIZHENZAI,TIJUZHEDONGCHANGPINGCHAYANGONGSHI。WEIJIEJIUZAIMIN,ZHUXIXUNSUCAIQULEJIXIANGYOULICUOSHI。ZHUXIYINZAIZHEDONGHEZOUQIANZHITAIZHOUTANGZHONGYOUBUFA,WEITANGZHIYINQINWANGHUAISUOJI,ZHEDONGRENZHIJINJIUGEYUEJILIRENHUIJIA。ZHUXICENGXIANHOULIUCISHANGZHUANGZOUHETANGZHONGYOUBUFA,ZHIZHIWANGHUAIYUTANGZHONGYOUSHANGXIACHUANTONGGOUJIEDESHISHI。POYUYALI,WANGHUAIMIANQUTANGZHONGYOUJIANGXITIXINGXINREN,ZAIDANHETANGZHONGYOUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHUXIBIAOXIANCHUCHONGGAODECAOSHOUHEQIJIE。

ZHIXUEQINZHENG

淳熙九年(1182年),朱熹52岁时,才将《大学章句》《中庸章句》《论语集注》《孟子集注》四书合刊,经学史上的“四书”之名才第一次出现。之后,朱熹仍呕心沥血修改《四书集注》,临终前一天朱熹还在修改《大学章句》。朱熹将《四书》定为封建士子修身的准则,《四书》构成了朱熹的一个完整的理学思想体系。元朝迄至明清,《四书集注》遂长期为历代封建王朝所垂青,作为治国之本,也作为人们思想行为的规范,成为封建科举的标准教科书。淳熙十年(1183年),朱熹在武夷山九曲溪畔大隐屏峰脚下创建武夷精舍,潜心著书立说,广收门徒,聚众讲学。淳熙十二年,朱熹到浙江,与陈亮展开义利王霸辩论,力陈浙学之非。

CHUNXISHIWUNIAN(1188NIAN)SHIYIYUE,SHANG《WUSHENFENGSHI》。ZHUZHANG“ZHENGXIN”、“RENXUANDACHEN”、“ZHENJUCHAOGANG”DENGSHI。CHUNXISHILIUNIAN(1189NIAN),ZHAOMINGZHUXIZHIZHANGZHOU。SHAOXIYUANNIAN(1190NIAN),61SUIDEZHUXIDAOZHANGZHOUFUREN。ZHUXIZAIZHANGZHOUDEQUANBUSHIZHENGBIANGE,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIZHENGJINGJIE、JUAN(MIAN)HENGFU、DUNFENGSU、BORUJIAOHEHEJIANLIDENGFANGMIAN,ERZHENGJINGJIEZESHITAQUANBUBIANGEDELINGHUN。SHIZHIDANGDITUDIJIANBINGZHIFENGSHENGXING,GUANLIAODIZHUYISHITUNBINGNONGMINGENGDI,ERSHUIEMEIYOUSUIDIHUAGUIDIZHU,ZHISHI“TIANSHUIBUJUN”,SHIDINONGMINSHOUDAOGENGWEICHENZHONGDEBOXUE,DAOZHIJIEJIMAODUNJIHUA。WEICI,ZHUXITICHUXING“JINGJIE”,JIHESHITIANMU,SUIDIMUNASHUI。ZHEIYIJIANYISHIBIJIANQINGNONGMINFUDAN,DANQUESUNHAIDADIZHUDELIYI,SUOYIZAODAOHOUZHEDEQIANGLIEFANDUI,“JINGJIE”ZHONGYUWEINENGTUIXING。SHAOXIERNIAN(1191NIAN)ZHENGYUE,ZHUXIZHANGZIZHUSHUZU。WENEHAOHOU,ZHUXIWUNAIYIZHIZISANGQINGCI。WUYUE,ZHUXIQIANJUJIANYANG。CINIAN,CHENGFUZHIJIAN“ZHULINJINGSHE”,HOUGENGMINGWEI“CANGZHOUJINGSHE”,JICHUNYOUSINIAN(1244NIAN)ZHAOCIDE“KAOTINGSHUYUAN”。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXIWUNIAN(1194NIAN),HUNANYAOMINPULAISHIQIYI,ZHENDONGLECHAOYE,HUNANDIFANGJUSHIZHOURANJINZHANGQILAI。ZHUXILINWEISHOUMING,CHUZHITANZHOU、JINGHUNANLUANFU,CIZIZHANGFU。JUYOUDAOXUEJIAAOGU、QIANGLIEYOUGUOYOUMINXINTAIDEZHUXI,BUGANTUICICHAOMING,XINRANBAIMINGQIANWANGFUREN。WUYUE,ZHUXIZHITANZHOU。CISHI,YAOMINYIBAITUISHENSHAN,BEIKUNXIDONG。ZHUXICAIQULESHANHOUZHAOFUDEHUAIROUZHENGCE,QIANSHIZHAOJIANGYAOMINQIYIJUNSHOULINGPULAISHI。YINBENCIZHENYAYAOMINQIYISHIHUBEI、HUNANLIANGDIDEGONGTONGXINGDONG,ZHUXIDEZHAOFUZAODAOLEHUBEISHUAIWANGLINDEFANDUI,ZAIPULAISHIYAJIEHOU,WANGLINZHUZHANGZHANSHAYIJINGZHONG。ZHUXIBUDEBUZAIRUDOUZOUSHIZHONG,ZHIJIEXIANGSONGNINGZONGMIANKEN,YAOQIUDUIYAOMIN“WUSHIDAXIN”。ZHUXIDAORENHOU,XINGXUEXIAO,GUANGJIAOHUA,DULIZHI,DUNMINFENG。ZHUXIGAIJIAN、KUOJIANLEWEIYUHUNANZHANGSHAYUELUSHANXIADEYUELUSHUYUAN,KONGYUSHIJIANQINZIDAOCIJIANGKE,SHIYUELUSHUYUANCHENGWEINANSONGQUANGUOSIDASHUYUANZHIYI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXIWUNIAN(1194NIAN)BAYUE,ZHUXICHUHUANZHANGGEDAIZHIJIANSHIJIANG。JIUYUE,ZHUXIYUXINGGONGBIANDIANZOUSHI。DIYIZHAYAOSONGNINGZONGZHENGXINCHENGYI,DIERZHAYAOSONGNINGZONGDUJINGQIONGLI,DISAN、SI、WUZHALUNTANZHOUSHANHOUSHIYI。SHIYUESHISIRI,ZHUXIFENGZHAOJINJIANG《DAXUE》,FANFUQIANGDIAO“GEWU、ZHIZHI、CHENGYI、ZHENGXIN、XIUSHEN、QIJIA、ZHIGUO、PINGTIANXIA”BAMU,XIWANGTONGGUOKUANGZHENGJUNDELAIXIANZHIJUNQUANDELANYONG,YINQISONGNINGZONGHEZHIZHENGHANTUOZHOUDEBUMAN。YINCI,ZHUXIZAICHAOJIN46RI,BEISONGNINGZONGNEIPIBAQULEDAIZHIJIANSHIJIANGZHIZHI。

HAIJUJIANYANG

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXIWUNIAN(1194NIAN)SHIYIYUE,ZHUXIHAIJUJIANYANGKAOTING。

SONGCHAOQINGYUANERNIAN(1196)SHIERYUE,“DANGJIN”ZHENGSHIFASHENG。JIANCHAYUSHISHENJIZUYIBUFENGZHUOYING、YIHUAJIEMU、DIANDAONIEZAOSHOUFAZOUHEZHUXI“SHIDAZUIZHUANG”,CHAOTINGQUANGUIDUILIXUEXIANQILEYICHANGSHISUOHANJIANDECANKUQINGSUAN,XIAOFABEISONGYUANYOUDANGJIDEGUJI,KAILIELEYIFENWUSHIJIURENDEWEINIDANGJI,MINGLIEDANGJIZHEDOUSHOUDAOLEBUTONGCHENGDUDECHUFA。ZHUXIBEICHIZHIWEI“WEIXUEKUISHOU”,WEILIEHEIMINGDANZHIZHONGDEDIWUWEI,YOURENJINGTICHU“ZHANZHUXIYIJUEWEIXUE”。ZHUXIYIWEIXUEZUISHOULUOZHIBACI,ZHUZIMENRENLIUFANGDELIUFANG,ZUOLAODEZUOLAO,ZAODAOYANZHONGDAJI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QINGYUANWUNIAN(1199NIAN),ZHUXIYIBEIGEZHONGJIBINGSUOKUNRAO,DANGJINZHONGDEZHUXIZHONGYUYUGANDAOSIWANGDEBIJIN,SHITAYOUDAXIANLINTOUDEBUXIANGYUGAN,GENGJIAZHUAJINZHUSHU。

QINGYUANLIUNIAN(1200NIAN)RUCHUNYIHOU,ZHUXIZUJIDAFA,BINGQINGEHUA。ZHUXISHENGMINGCHUIWEI,ZUOYANYIXIA,YOUYANYEJIHUWANQUANSHIMING。ZHUXIQUEYIGENGWANGSHENGDEJINGLIJIAJINZHENGLICANPIAN,WEIYIDEYUANWANGJIUSHIYAOJIANGZIJISHENGPINGDESUOYOUZHUZUOQUANBUWANGAO,SHIDAOTONGHOUJIYOUREN。SANYUECHUJIU,71SUIDEZHUXIZAIXUEYUXINGFENGDE“QINGYUANDANGJIN”YUNDONGZHONGQUSHI。SIFANGDAOXUEXINTUJUEDINGZAISHIYIYUEJUJIZAIXINZHOUJUXINGDAGUIMODEHUIZANG,ZHEIYOUHEHUAILEFANDAOXUEDEDANGQUANZHE,JINGLINGSHOUCHENYUESHU。SHIYIYUE,ZHUXIZANGYUJIANYANGXIANHUANGKENGDALINGU,CANJIAHUIZANGZHERENGRANYOUJINQIANRENZHIDUO。

ZHUXISIHOU,BEISHIWEI“WENGONG“,ZENGBAOMOGEZHIXUESHI,YOUZHUIFENGHUIGUOGONGDENG。

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