北京pk10现场开奖直播

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林景熙

宋代诗人

林景熙(1242~1310),字德暘,一作德阳,号霁山。温州平阳(今属浙江)人。南宋末期爱国诗人。咸淳七年(公元1271年),由上舍生释褐成进士,历任泉州教授,礼部架阁,进阶从政郎。宋亡后不仕,隐居于平阳县城白石巷。林景熙等曾冒死捡拾帝骨葬于兰亭附近。他教授生徒,从事著作,漫游江浙,是雄踞宋元之际诗坛、创作成绩卓著、最富代表性的作家,也是温州历史上成就最高的诗人。卒葬家乡青芝山。著作编为《霁山集》。

林景熙诗词作品
主要成就
[挑错/完善]

SHIGE

林景熙的诗歌创作大不同于其同乡前辈—“四灵派”诗人。面对鼎革之际,山河破碎、民生艰危的局面,诗人并没有啸傲山林、寄情田园,而是时刻关注社会现实、关心民生疾苦。

宋朝末年,民族斗争剧烈,阶级矛盾深化,人民灾难重重。林景熙作为一个深感亡国之痛的爱国志士和文学家,其作品处处充满对祖国美好河山的深深眷恋,对民族兴衰存亡具有强烈的责任感和对人民的疾苦寄于无限的同情。他的诗文北京pk10现场开奖直播格幽婉,沉郁悲凉。论诗主张“诗文归一”、“根于性情”。他的诗歌大多以自然达意的联想,托物比兴的手法,精粹简练的语言,委婉曲折的表达方式,来揭示自己心灵深处亡国隐痛的情思和起到了对侵略者狰狞面目进行淋漓尽致的暴露,对在民族危难关头卖国求荣、投敌变节的民族败类进行无情鞭挞和对在抗击外来侵略势力、捍卫国家独立、维护民族尊严而捐躯的死难者无限敬仰的效果和愿望。如他的五言律诗《枯树》篇:“凋悴缘何事,青青忆旧丛。有枝撑夜月,无叶起秋风。暑路行人惜,寒巢宿鸟空。倘留心不死,嘘拂待春工。”40个字落落简篇,用托物比兴的手法,精粹简练的语言,意深笔婉地揭露了在元朝统治阶级的屠刀与铁蹄之下,故国山河处处一片焦土,人民流离颠沛、无家可归,处在水深火热之中难以聊生的悲惨局面。又如《山窗新糊有故朝封事稿阅之有感》:“偶伴孤云宿岭东,四山欲雪地炉红。何人一纸防秋疏,却与山窗障北风!”触景生情,借景写怀,沉郁苍凉,其哀国怀旧之情,感人至深。

TONGSHILINJINGXIZAIZUOPINZHONGHAILIULULEQIANGLIEDEFUGUOYUANWANG。《KUSHU》ZHONG,“YOUZHICHENGYEYUE,WUYEQIQIUFENG”ANSHIWEIFUGUOERNULIDEZHISHISHANGZAI,ZHISHILILIANGHAIBUZU;“TANGLIUXINBUSI,XUFUDAICHUNGONG”,QIAOMIAODIJIANG“SHUXIN”BI“RENXIN”,ZHIYAORENXINBUBIAN,DAOSHIDANGDESHIHOUYIDINGHUIDADAOFUGUOMUDE。ZHEISHIYISHOUHAOZHAORENMINTUANJIEQILAIDENGDAISHIJI,GANZOUQINLVEZHE,SHIXIANFUGUOMUDE、CHONGMANAIGUOJIQINGDESHIGE。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LINJINGXIZUOSHIMEIYOUXIANGMOUXIESHIRENYIYANGZHUANSHIYITI,ERSHIBUJUYIGE,GENGWEINANNENGKEGUIDESHI,《BAISHIQIAOCHANG》ZHONGGETIJUNYOUJIAZUOWENSHI。TICAIDEDUOYANGHUA,BUJINXIANSHILETAKAIKUODECHUANGZUOSHIYU,ERQIEYOULIYUTAZAIGUANGMAODEWENXUETIANDILICHENGJIUXINDEJIANSHU。

CHUANDAO

北京pk10现场开奖直播LINJINGXIYUDEYOUERNIAN(1276 NIAN)CIGUANYINGUI,HOU“WANGLAIWU、YUEJIAN,DAIERSHIYUNIAN”,BINGYI“HUHAIKE”ZICHENG。TAFANGQISHITUDELINJINGXIZHIZHUYUGUGUOSHANSHUIZHIJIAN,CHAOXIYUYUANHEWEIWU(《JISIMINGCHENMAOYANG》:BURUXIWOQU,YUANHEYUCHAOXI),YUOULUWEIBAN(《TISHUIYUNSHENCHU》:SUOYIMENGBAIOU,WANHEZUISHENCHU),XIANGYISUOYANGMUDEXIELINGYUNNEIYANG,GUOQILE“ZUOXIAOSHANSHUICHENG”(《DENGXIEKEYAN》)、“NAILEYANSHUIKUAN”(《JIANWEISHANZHAI》)DESHENGHUO。LINJINGXIMU(10ZHANG) LINJINGXIZAISONGWANGZHIHOU,SUIRANBUCENGTIDUWEISENGHUOZHECHENGHEXIANYOU,DANSHIQUEJIJIDIYUSENGLV、DAOSHIWEIYOU,ZHANKAILEGUANGFANDEGOUTONGHEJIAOLIU,BINGJINGCHANGXINGZHUYINYONG,YUDANGDIDEQITAYIMINSHIRENZUCHENGLEYIGEDAIYOUMINGXIANDIYUTEZHENGDEYIMINQUNTI,BINGKAIZHANLEYIXILIEDEQUNTIHUODONG。LINJINGXICHENGLELIANXIPINGYANG、HUIJILIANGGEYIMINJITUANDESHUNIURENWU,ZHENGSHITADECHUANZHENYINXIAN,SHIDELIANGGEYIMINJITUANZHIJIANHUTONGSHENGQI、HUXIANGGANZHAO、HUXIANGJIFA,ZAISIXIANGSHANGGOUTONGLIANHECHENGLEYIGEZHITONGDAOHEDEFANYUANZHENYING,TAMENJINXINGDEBUJINJINSHIYIBANYIYISHANGDEJIAOWANGHUODONG,GENGSHIYIZHONGSHENCENGCIDEXINLINGJIAOGAN。

人物生平
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NANSONGLIZONGCHUNYOUERNIAN(1242),LINJINGXICHUSHENGYUPINGYANGTENGJIAODAIXILINSIYUAN。LINJIAXIONGDISANREN(YISHUOSIREN),JINGXIJUDIER。ZHANGXIONGLINJINGYI,ZIDEHE,HAOXIAOSHAN,CONGSHIJIAOYUGONGZUO,WEIDANGDIXIANGXIAOZHUCHIREN,RENPINGAOJIE,YOUSHIZUOCHUANSHI。JIDILINJINGYING,ZIDEYUAN。

JINGXIZIYOUCONGYING,HAODUSHU,20SUISHIYIYOUSHIMING。BEIJUJIANDAOSHOUDOULINAN,JIUDUTAIXUE。SONGSHITAIXUEFENWAISHE、NEISHE、SHANGSHESANDENG。WAISHEKAOSHIHEGE,XUANSHENGNEISHE,ZAIYOUNEISHEXUANSHENGSHANGSHE。NEISHE、SHANGSHEJUNYOUXIANE。SHANGSHEKAOSHISHANGDENG,JIKESHOUZHI,CHENG“SHANGSHESHIHE”,RONGYAODENGTONGJINSHIDENGDI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播NANSONGGONGDIDEYOUYUANNIAN(1275)SANYUE,YUANJUNZAIBOYANLVLINGXIAJINRUJIANKANG,LINANZHENGQUANYICHENGTUBENGWAJIEZHISHI,KEHENNEIXIEDACHENMENSHANGZAIGOUXINDOUJIAO。JINGXIYANKANGUOSHIYIWUKEWEI,BUJIUBIANQIGUANGUILI,YINJUPINGYANGXIANCHENGBAISHIXIANG。

北京pk10现场开奖直播DEYOUERNIAN(1276)CHUN,ZAILINANXIANLUOQIAN,YIWANG、GUANGWANGTAOLILINAN,RUNSANYUELUXIUFUDENGZAIWENZHOUJIANGXINSI,FENGYIWANGWEITIANXIABINGMADOUYUANSHUAI,GUANGWANGFUZHI。

NANSONGDUANZONGJINGYANERNIAN(1277),LINJINGXIYINGHUIJIWANGYINGSUNDEYAOQING,LAIDAOYUEZHONG。“YIQUWEILANRENDUYI,JIANGSHANHUNZAIMENGZHONGKAN。”SONGWANGHOU,GUIGONGZICHUSHENDEWANGSUNYING,ZAIZHEIYANGBAIWULIAOLAIDEXINQINGXIA,YANZHISIFANGMINGTU,XIAOAOQUANSHI,YINJIUFUSHI,ZHEISHIFANYUANQINGXUYIZHONGWUKENAIHEDEFAXIE。JINGXIZAIYUEZHONGXIANJIECHULEXIEAO、TANGJUE、HUQIAODENGFUYOUQIANGLIEDEMINZUYISHIDEZHISHI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播NANSONGXIANGXINGERNIAN(1279)ERYUE,YASHAN(JINZUOYASHAN)ZHANBAI,LUXIUFUBEIZHEXIAOHUANGDITOUHAI。XIAOXICHUANLAI,LINJINGXIYUCHENZEWENGDENGRENMIMIJUXINGKUJI。

元世祖至元二十二年(1285),总统江南释教的札木杨喇勒智(杨琏真珈)为了盗取来皇陵中的金玉宝玩,把在会稽的徽钦二帝以下的历代帝王后妃的陵墓全部发掘,把剩骨残骸抛弃在草莽中,惨状目不忍睹,但无人敢去收拾。这时林景照正在会稽,出于民族义愤,与郑朴翁等扮作采药人,冒着生命危险,上山拾取骨骸。景熙收得残骨两函,托言佛经,埋葬于兰亭山中北京pk10现场开奖直播,并移植宋常朝殿前冬青树作为标志,并写了《冬青花》诗:“移来此种非人间,曾识万年觞底月。蜀魂飞绕百鸟臣,夜半一声山竹裂。”又作《梦中诗》四首,以凄怆的声调记录了埋骨的经过,抒发了自己的悲愤,并希望将来能读到他的诗的人,知道民族正气依然存在,没有随着国家的沦亡而完全消失。

至元二十七年(1290)十二月初九,是文天祥就义八周年忌日,好友谢翱登富春山西台哭祭,写了《西台恸哭记》,又寄诗给林景熙,林景熙写了《酬谢皋父见寄》,一开头便说:“入山采芝薇,豺虎据我丘;入海寻蓬莱,鲸鲵掀我舟。山海两有碍,独立凝远愁。”意为:古人不得志,则隐居山林,或遁迹江海,如今国亡,何处去找一方净土呢?因悲叹:“行行古台上,仰天哭所思。余哀散林木,此意谁能知?”

北京pk10现场开奖直播YUANCHENGZONGDADECHUNIAN,LINJINGXIKAISHITADEMANYOU。XIANHOUDAOGUOHANGZHOU、HUATING、SUZHOU、WUXI、ZHENJIANG、HUZHOUYIJIYANLINGDENGDI。XIELEXUDUOJITUOAIGUOZHIQINGDEJIYOUSHI,YUZHITONGDAOHEDEPENGYOUXIANGCHU,YEYISHIWENXIANGHUMIANLI。TAZHONGGUOGUGONG,JIANGSHANYIZHU,JINGWUQUANFEI,FACHU“WANGQIXIAONANDU,SENGFANGJUBEIZONG。YANSHENNINGBISHU,CAOMEIJINGYANGZHONG”DEGANTAN。GUOGELINGSHI,TADUIYIBEISHASIDEQUANJIANJIASIDAO,HAIZEWEN“WUGUOJINGHEYAN!”

景熙归隐后,曾说不再与闻世事,但当他听到谢枋得不与元朝合作,绝食而死,十分钦佩,他写道:“何人续迁史,表为节义雄。”他听到家铉翁放归,呈诗说:“衣冠万里尘老,名节千年日月悬。”把他比作苏武,表示无限景仰。同时,他以犀利的笔锋,借秦吉了和孙供奉,对那些寡廉鲜耻的叛将贰臣,予以痛斥。

北京pk10现场开奖直播YUANCHENGZONGDADESANNIAN(1299),JINGXIDAO58SUIHOU,CAIDABUFENSHIJIANZHUZAIPINGYANG,TAZAIMAANSHANLUJIANLEYISUOCHAOAOBIEYE,JIAOSHOUSHENGTU,GUOZHEQINGPINDESHENGHUO,YIYANHUICAOSHIPIAOQIN、LEZAIQIZHONGLAIZIWOJIECHAO。DANTAHAISHIGUANXINSHISHI。

DADESINIAN(1300)TAWEIPANGUANWANGBINGRENXIELE《PINGYANGXIANZHIJI》SHIRENMENZHIDAOPINGYANGJIANXIANDELISHI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播DADEWUNIAN(1301),TAXIELE《GONGPUTANGJI》XIANGZHOUSHOUSUNYUNJINLEYAOSHIZHIYAN,XIWANGTANENGWEILAOBAIXINGZUOXIEHAOSHI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播DADESHINIAN(1306),ZHOUPANPIYUANXIULEYINJUNDOUMEN,TAXINRANWEIQIZUOJI。

DADESHIYINIAN(1307),《PINGYANGZHOUZHI》XIUCHENG,TAZUOLEXUYAN。

元武宗至大元年(1308),景熙67岁,忽然游兴勃发,北上杭州。来往吴越日久,时感思念北京pk10现场开奖直播家乡,渐觉体力不支。他在杭州患疾,自觉不宜久留异地而挥泪诀别友人回到平阳家乡。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LINJINGXIZAIJIAWOBINGLIANGNIANHOU,YUYUANWUZONGZHIDASANNIAN(1310)YINHENCISHI,XIANGNIAN69SUI。WANNIAN,TABAZIJIDESHIWENSHOUJIQILAI,BIANCHENGZAWENSHIJUAN,SHILIUJUAN,SHIJIMING《BAISHIQIAOCHANG》。

北京pk10现场开奖直播YUANSHUNDIYUANTONGERNIAN(1334),LINJINGXISHISHIHOUERSHISINIAN,TONGLIZHANGZUCHENGDE《BAISHIQIAOCHANG》ZHUSHIBENWENSHI。

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