北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

范成大

宋代诗人

范成大(1126-1193),字致能,号称石湖居士。汉族,平江吴县(今江苏苏州)人。南宋诗人。谥文穆。从江西派入手,后学习中、晚唐诗,继承了白居易王建张籍等诗人新乐府的现实主义精神,终于自成一家。风格平易浅显、清新妩媚。诗题材广泛,以反映农村社会生活内容的作品成就最高。他与杨万里陆游、尤袤合称南宋“中兴四大诗人”。

范成大诗词作品
范成大古籍名句
主要成就
[挑错/完善]

ZHONGXINGSIDASHIREN

范成大杨万里年龄相仿,都是在北宋灭亡前后出生的,又同在绍兴二十四年中进士,同列名于“中兴四大诗人”。不过范成大在仕途上更为得志,做到参知政事,晚年退职闲居。有《石湖居士诗集》。 范成大一度也深受江西派的影响,现存的一些早期作品中,可以看到不少语言涩滞、堆垛典故的现象,和一些似禅非禅、似儒非儒的议论。不过,范成大在学江西诗风的同时,比较广泛地汲取了中晚唐诗歌的风格与技巧,在博采众长的基础上突破了江西诗风的笼罩。尤其许多近体诗,委婉清丽中带有峻拔之气,有他自己的特点。 点评(眼儿媚.酣酣日脚紫烟浮): 词亦文之一体,昔人名作,亦有理脉可寻,所谓蛇灰、蚓线之妙。如范石湖眼儿媚萍乡道中云云,“春慵”紧接“困”字、“醉”字来,细极。 杨万里、范成大、陆游和尤袤号称“中兴四大诗人”。当时杨、陆的声名尤著。尤袤流传下的作品很少,成就也不高;杨、范虽比不上陆游,但都能摆脱江西诗派的牢笼,思想、艺术各有特色,不愧为南宋杰出的诗人。

YANGWANLIDUIFANCHENGDADEPINGJIA

YANGWANLIPINGTADESHI“QINGXINWUMEI”、“BENYIJUANWEI”(《SHIHUSHIXU》),ZHUYAOSHIZHI“DIANZHUIHUSHAN”YILEIZUOPINERYAN。QISHIFANSHIHAIYOU“WANQIAO”、“QIANQIE”DEYIMIAN。YANGWANLIHAISHUO:“JINHAINEISHIREN,BUGUOSANSI,ERGONGJIEGUOZHI,WUBUJIZHE”,ZHEIPINGJIAYEQIANGONGYUN。FANSHIBUNENGHELUYOUXIANGBIDE。TASHENSHOUFO、DAOYINGXIANG,SHIZHONGXIAOJITUIFEIDEDONGXIHAISHIBUSHAODE。

“LVXINGJIA”FANCHENGDA

ZUOWEILVXINGJIA,FANCHENGDABIBUSHANGXUXIAKE,DANZUOWEISHIDAFUHESHIREN,FANCHENGDADEJINGSHENSHIJIEQUEYUANBIXUXIAKEZHEIYANGDE“ZHUANYE”LVXINGJIAFENGFU

北京pk10现场开奖直播NANSONGQIANDAOLIUNIAN(GONGYUAN1170NIAN),45SUIDEFANCHENGDASHOUMINGCHUSHIJINGUO。TAZUOWEI“QIQINGSHI”,MUDEYOUER:YISHIQIUZHAOSONGHUANGSHILINGMUSUOZAIDEHENANGONG、LUOZHIDI,ERSHIZHONGYILIANGGUOJIAOHUANGUOSHUDELIYI。

此时距金灭北宋已40余年,南宋与金国划淮河为界,以“侄儿”的身份卑事金国。南宋想以“祈请”的方式收拾失去的河山与尊严,不啻于痴人说梦。就连宋孝帝本人也知道,此行不但没啥胜算,还凶多吉少,临行前他对范成大说:“朕不败盟发兵,何至害卿!啮雪餐氊,理或有之。”这就是让他做好当苏武的心理准备了。

XINQINGZUIWEIFUZADELVXING

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIANDAOLIUNIANSHIJIN,SHITAYISHENGZHONGXINQINGZUIWEIFUZADEYICILVXING

范成大此行著有旅行日记一卷,名为《揽辔录》,取东汉名士陈蕃“登车揽辔,有澄清天下之志”的意思。据此书记载,他于六月“出国门”,“八月戊午”渡淮出国界,十月“戊午”复渡淮归来,在金国境内逗留了两个月。中国现存最早的私人日记是唐李翱的《来南录》,到北宋时,士大夫作日记者已经很多,其中以王安石的《日录》篇幅最为浩繁,有八十卷之多,然而多记政事,实为一种私家史乘。而早期的私人日记多为篇幅短小的纪行之作。

范成大乃南宋诗坛巨匠,与陆游、杨万里等并称“中兴四大家”,以“清新妩丽”而又“奔逸俊伟”的诗风驰名于世。范成大是一个眼界开阔、感觉敏锐的观察者,对自然界的山水泉石充满热爱,对升斗细民的悲欢富于理解之同情;他有很强的好奇心,对于殊方异域、奇风异俗都报以强烈的兴趣;他官至宰辅,风节凛然,一生宦迹又极其广阔(“予生东吴、而北抚幽燕、南宅交广、西使岷峨之下,三方皆走万里,所至无不登览”),故胸中千丘万壑,下笔气象万千。另一面,范成大又是一个内心丰富、情感真挚的人,无论是感时、忧国、悯农、刺政还是伤逝、惜别、叹老、思乡,他的诗里总有一些特别细腻而个性化的体察,用一句老话来说———他的诗里有“人”。

乾道六年使金,是范成大一生中心情最为复杂的一次旅行,压抑、悲怆,而又满怀忠义豪情,因此《揽辔录》中的许多文字也特别感人。如写北宋旧都东京汴梁的残破:新宋门内“弥望悉荒墟”,“大相国寺,倾檐缺吻,无复旧观”……凡东京一门一楼,皆罗列其旧名与“虏改”之新名,貌似简单的记录,而板荡之痛与黍离之思尽在其中。

更让人心碎的当然还是中原的遗民,沦陷已久,“民亦久习胡俗”,“男子髡顶”,“村落间多不复巾,蓬辫如鬼”,然而父老“遗黎往往垂涕嗟啧,指使人云:‘此中华佛国人也。’老妪跪拜者尤多”……除《揽辔录》外,此次使金他还留下72首绝句北京pk10现场开奖直播,汇为《北征小集》,其中佳作甚多。

FANCHENGDACICICHUSHISUIRANMEIYOUDADAOYUQIDEMUBIAO(BENLAIJIUSHIBUKENENGDADAODE),DANBIAOXIANDEFENGGULINRAN,SHENZHILIANJINZHUYERENWEI“KEYIJILILIANGGUOCHENZI”———RUOGUOWAIJIAODEJIZHIYEZHINENGSHIZHENGQUYIDIANJINGSHENSHANGDEZUNYANLE。

TADEBAOFU

TASHIDAKAILEXINXIONGHEHUIYANDESHIREN,TADEBAOLANSHANCHUANLIANXIZHE“XUGUO”DEBAOFU

归国后,范成大得到朝廷的肯定,但很快又因刚直而被黜,于乾道七年受命出帅静江府(广西桂林),这就是“南宅交广”之行。这次旅行实际开始的时间已是乾道八年(公元1172年)腊月七日,他从老家吴郡(苏州)出发,南经湖州、余杭,至富阳而入风景如的富春江。在余杭时与远送而来的亲友道别,场面极其伤感。之前更不得不将重病的乳母留在余杭,“分路时,心目刲断。世谓生离不如死别,信然。”

YUZHONGRENBIEHOUERRIJIUSHICHUXIZHIYE,“FAFUYANG。XUEMANQIANSHAN,JIANGSESHENBI。YE,XIAOJI。FENGJI,HANSHEN。PISHILUSHISUOZUOMIANPAO,DAIZHANMAO,ZUOCHUANTOUZONGGUAN,BUSHENGQINGJUE。”

北京pk10现场开奖直播CIQINGCIJINGCIWEN,RANGRENYIJIANZHIXIA,YONGMINGYUXIN。SHIXIANGSHENPILIANGNIANZHIQIANQUGUOBEIZHENGDEHANYI,XIONGHUAIZHEERRIZHIQIANYUQINYOUJUEBIEDEQICHUANG,YUCICHUYEZHIJI,ZHISHENYUHANJIANGDEBIANZHOUSHANG,XINXURUWUXIANYUZHOUZHONGDEYIDIANGUMING,SUOWEI“BUSHENGQINGJUE”ZHE,SHISHIWUYIYANZHIERQIANGWEIZHIYANLE。

SUFUCHUNJIANG,JINGTONGLU、LANXIRUQUJIANG,RANHOUJINGCHANGSHANXIANCHUZHEJIANG、RUJIANGXIDEXINJIANG,JINGXINZHOU(SHANGRAO)、GUIXI、YUGANERDAONANCHANG,DENGTENGWANGGE;RUGANJIANG,QIANDAOJIUNIANYUANYUESHIERRIZHILINJIANGJUN(ZHANGSHU),SHISIRIYOUXIANGLINHEPANYUAN———ZHEILIANGCHUDOUSHIDANGSHIZHUMINGDEYUANLIN,JIFANCHENGDALIUXIASHENKEYINXIANGDESHIJIKEDAMEI、GUMEI,WANNIANYINJUSHIHUHOU,TAJIUQUANLIJINGYINGSHIHUDEFANCUN,“YIQIDISANFENZHIYIYUMEI”,BINGZHUANMENZHUYOU《MEIPU》YIJUAN。

过临江军后即入赣江支流袁水,过袁州(宜春)、萍乡进入湖南境内。泛湘江南下,至衡山,谒南岳庙,因病未登山,然后陆行经永州、全州,三月十日,入桂林。凡水陆路程三千里,历时三月,著游记一卷,取韩愈咏桂林的“远胜登仙去,飞鸾不暇骖”诗意,取名为《骖鸾录》。

WUYONGZHIYI,FANCHENGDASHIZHONGGUOGUDAIYIWEIWEIDADELVREN。

GUDAISHIDAFUYINSHIHUANERSICHUYOULIBINGFEIHANJIAN,DANDADUOSHURENZHIHUIXIEYIXIELIXINGDEWENZI,WULUNSHIDENGLINHUAIGUHAISHIYANHUANYOU、SIGUTU,WANGWANGLIUYUCHENGSHI。ZHEILEISHIRENDEZUOPIN,RANGNIKANBUCHUTASHENGHUODESHIDAISHITANGDAIHAISHIQINGDAI,YEKANBUCHUTAYINYONGDESHILINGNANHAISHIZHONGYUAN,YOUQIZHONGYAODESHI,NIKANBUDAOBEIHOUYOUYIGEDUYIWUERDE“REN”。

ERFANCHENGDAZESHIYIGEDAKAILEXINXIONGHEHUIYANDESHIREN,TABIXIADEFENGWUHENSHAOSHITONGYONGDE,ERSHIFUYUYISHIYIDIDETESHUXING,DANYOUBUSHIXIANSHIDESHIZHENGZHUYIJINGXIANG,ERZONGSHIYONGTADEQINGHUAIHEFENGGETISHENGZHEWAIZAIDESHIXIANG。

ZUOWEILVXINGJIA,FANCHENGDADANGRANBIBUSHANGXUXIAKE,DANZUOWEISHIDAFUHESHIREN,TADEJINGSHENSHIJIEQUEYAOYUANBIXUXIAKEZHEIYANGDE“ZHUANYE”LVXINGJIAGENGFENGFU。TAZAIYISHOUSHIZHONGXIEDAO:“XUGUOWUGONGLANGZHUBIAN,TIANJIAOBAOSHIHANSHANCHUAN”———TADEBAOLANSHANCHUANSHIYU“XUGUO”DEBAOFULIANXIZAIYIQIDE,ZHENGSHIWEILE“XUGUO”,TACAIJINGSHOULE“SANFANGJIEZOUWANLI”DEJIANKULVCHENG。

TADEXIANGWANG

YISHENGDEPIAOBOYIJINGCHENDIANZAITANEIXIN,CHENGWEIJIYIZHONGYONGHENGDECAIFU

士大夫是必须“兼济天下”的,然而作为诗人,范成大又始终非常向往乡居归隐的田园生活。

淳熙四年(公元1177年),范成大52岁,离四川制置使任,五月底从成都万里桥出发,十月已巳进入吴郡(苏州)的盘门。和前两次怀着重重心事的旅行不一样,虽然与四川的同僚朋友分别不免伤感,这一次的回乡之旅压倒性的情绪是“归去来兮”的喜悦和轻松。这次的行程比较简单:沿岷江入长江,然后一路过三峡,经湖北、江西入江苏,从镇江转常州、苏州。此行有游记二卷,取杜甫“门泊东吴万里船”意命名为《吴船录》。与前二录相比,此书篇幅最长,也最为后人推重。

《WUCHUANLU》NEIRONGJIFENGFU,CHULEJIMINGSHANDACHUANZHIMEI,RUXIEEMEISHANFOGUANGZHIQIRUZAIMUQIAN,ZHUANGSANXIATUANLIUZHIXIANJINGXINDONGPO,YEYOUXUDUORENWENLISHIFANGMIANDEJIZAIFEICHANGYOUJIAZHI,RUJIJIANGZHOUDONG、XILINSIDETANGDAIBEIKE,CHAOLUEMEINIUXINSISHIJIYESUOZHUXIYUXINGCHENGDENG,POYOUSHILIAOJIAZHI。CISHUWENZHANGZHIMEI,BUKUIWEIZHONGGUOSHANSHUIWENZIZHONGDEDIANFAN。

CONGQIANDAOBANIANSHIERYUECHUPANMENDAOCHUNXISINIANRUPANMEN,FANCHENGDAWANCHENGLEYIGEXIANGZHENGXINGDEXUNHUAN,CONGCIJIESHULEZUOWEILVRENDESHENGYA。CONGSICHUANGUILAIGUOWUCHANGSHI,TACENGYUZHONGQIUYEHUIYIZIJISHISANNIANJIAN,SHIYICHUJIANZHONGQIU,“QIJIANXIANGQUHUOWANLI”,DANGSHIBIANXIANG:RUODEZICI“GUITIANYUAN,DAIYUEHECHU,DESUICISHENGYI”。CHUNXIJIUNIAN,FANCHENGDAZHONGYUSUIYUANTUIXIU,CONGCIZAISHIHUDUGUOLEZHANGDASHINIANXIANSHIERYOUYUDEWANNIANSHENGHUO,XIEXIALEZUIHOUDEMINGZUO《SISHITIANYUANZAXINGLIUSHISHOU》,BINGWEIJIAXIANGZHUANXIELEYIBUJUYOUKAICHUANGYIYIDEFANGZHI:《WUJUNZHI》。

ZAIZUIHOUDESUIYUELI,TARENGRANDUILVXINGCHONGMANXIANGWANG,DANHAOWUYIWENDESHI,MEIDANGZHONGQIUSHANGYUEDESHIHOU,TADOUHUIXIANGQICONGQIANDUGUOZHONGQIUDENEIXIEDIFANG:YISHENGDEPIAOBOYIJINGCHENDIANZAITANEIXIN,CHENGWEIJIYIZHONGYONGHENGDECAIFU。

人物生平
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ZAONIANSHITU

范成大于宋钦宗靖康元年六月初四(1126年6月26日)生于吴县(今江苏苏州),他幼年聪慧,十二岁时便遍读经史,十四岁时开始创作诗文。

SHAOXINGSHIERNIAN(1142NIAN),SONGGAOZONGSHENGMUWEISHI(XIANRENHUANGHOU)CONGJINGUOHUICHAO,FANCHENGDAYINGSHIXIANFUSONG,MINGLIEQIANMAO。

绍兴十四年(1144年),在昆山坚严资福禅寺读书,十年不出。曾取唐人“只在此山中”句,自号此山居士。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXINGERSHISINIAN(1154NIAN),FANCHENGDADENGJINSHIDI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXINGERSHILIUNIAN(1156NIAN),CHURENHUIZHOUSIHUCANJUN,YUCINIANCHUNJIDIREN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播SHAOXINGSANSHIERNIAN(1162NIAN),QIANWANGLINAN,JIANGUANTAIPINGHUIMINHEJIJU。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LONGXINGYUANNIAN(1163NIAN)SIYUE,FANCHENGDARENBIANLEIGAOZONGSHENGZHENGSUOJIANTAOGUAN,JIANCHILINGSUO。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LONGXINGERNIAN(1164NIAN)ERYUE,CHURENSHUMIYUANBIANXIUGUAN。SHIERYUE,RENMISHUSHENGZHENGZI。

QIANDAOYUANNIAN(1165NIAN)SANYUE,RENXIAOSHULANG。LIUYUE,JIANGUOSHIYUANBIANXIUGUAN。SHIYIYUE,DIAORENZHUZUOZUOLANG。

乾道二年(1166年)二月,范成大任尚书北京pk10现场开奖直播吏部员外郎。三月,被人诬陷逾越等级,遭罢职,旋即领宫祠官。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIANDAOSANNIAN(1167NIAN)SHIERYUE,BEICHAOTINGQIYONGWEICHUZHOUZHIZHOU。CINIANWUYUE,FANCHENGDARUGONGHUIDASONGXIAOZONGZHAOSHENDETIWEN,CHENSHUOLIDENEIRONGBAOKUOSANFANGMIAN:RILI、GUOLI、RENLI,RENWEICISHIDOUBEIBUJIZHIWUHAOFEI,XIAOZONGGAOXINGDICAINALETADEYIJIAN。QIYUE,FUCHUZHOUREN。BAYUE,DIDACHUZHOU。FANCHENGDAWEICHUZHOUCHUANGYIYI。QIFAGUIDING:MINYIDOUBAOWEIDANWEI,JUYIHUDUOSHAOHEZHIYIQINGKUANG,GEJIAANPINFUSHUQIANMAITIANCHENGYITIAN,YISUOSHOUTIANGUZHUDANGYIZHE,MINHUANCIXULUNLIUKANGYI。YIYIJIXING,GONGSIDOUCHENGBIAN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIANDAOWUNIAN(1169NIAN)WUYUE,CHAOTINGZHAOFANCHENGDAWEILIBUYUANWAILANGJIANCHONGZHENGDIANSHUOSHU,JIANGUOSHIYUANBIANXIUGUAN、SHILUYUANJIANTAOGUAN。QIANDAO(1165NIAN—1173NIAN)NIANJIAN,GUIDINGYIJUANTONGJIZANGWUSHULIANG,GUJIADIERDINGZUIZHONG,FANCHENGDASHANGZOUSHUO:“CHENGPINGZHISHIJUANMEIPIBUDAOYIQIANQIAN,ERGUDEJIACHAOGUOJIBEI。SHAOXINGCHUNIANJUANJIADIZENGLEWUFEN,JIAQIANYOUSANQIANZUGOULE。RUJINJUANSHIZAIGUI,YINGDANGBIDANGSHIDEJIAGEFANYIBEI。”ZHAOSHENCHIJINGDISHUO:“ZHEISHISHIBAIXINGXIANRUKUNJINGDEFALINGTIAOWEN。”YUSHIJUANJIAZENGWEISIQIAN,ERXINGFAJIANQINGLE。 SHIERYUE,RENQIJUSHERENJIANSHIJIANG,RENGJIANSHILUYUANJIANTAOGUAN。

SHIBURUMING

宋金签订隆兴和议时朝廷忘了议定受书的礼仪,赵昚曾为此感到后悔。乾道六年(1170年)五月,赵昚任命范成大为起居郎、代理资政殿大学北京pk10现场开奖直播士、左太中大夫、醴泉观使兼侍读、丹阳郡开国公,充任祈请国信使,向金索求北宋诸帝陵寝之地,并请更定受书之仪。范成大因所奉国书仅语及陵寝事,请并载受书一事,赵昚不许。临行前他对范成大说:“朕不败盟发兵,何至害卿!啮雪餐氊,理或有之。”左相陈俊卿因力主暂缓遣使而去位。吏部侍郎陈良祐因论不应遣使而罢官责居筠州(今江西高安)。李焘惧而不敢行。范成大慨然而行,当时金国的迎接使者仰慕范成大的名声,以致效仿他戴巾帻。

DAOYANSHANHOU,FANCHENGDAMIMIDICAONIZOUZHANG,JUTILUNSHUJIESHOUGUOSHUDEYISHI,BATAFANGRUHUAIZHONG。FANCHENGDASHOUCICHENGJINGUOSHU,YANCIKANGKAI,JINCHAOJUNCHENZHENGRENZHENQINGTINGSHI,FANCHENGDAHURANSHANGZOUDAO:“LIANGCHAOYIJINGJIEWEISHUZHIGUANXI,ERSHOUSHULIYIMEIYOUQUEDING,WOZHEILIYOUZOUZHANG。”YUSHIBACHAZAIYAOSHANGDESHOUBANNACHU。JINSHIZONGWANYANYONGDACHIYIJING,SHUO:“ZHEINANDAOSHIXIANGUOSHUDEDIFANG?”JINCHAOQUNCHENYONGSHOUBANJITAYAOTAQILAI,FANCHENGDAGUILIBUDONG,YIDINGYAOBAGUOSHUSONGSHANG。BUJIU,HUIDAOZHUSUO,WANYANYONGPAIBANSHIXUANZHITINGHOUCHULI。FANCHENGDAYIZHIGUIZHEYAOXIANSHANGGUOSHU,JINCHAOTINGSHANGYILUNFENFEN,TAIZIXIANGSHASIFANCHENGDA,JINGYUEWANGZUZHICAIZUOBA,FANCHENGDAJINGRANDEYIBAOQUANQIJIEERGUI。JIUYUE,CHENGDAFANSONG。WANYANYONGFUSHUJUSONGSUOQING,ZHIXUZHAOSHENFENGQIANLINGQIN,TONGYIGUIHAIQINZONGZIGONG。FANCHENGDAHUIGUOHOUXIECHENGSHIJINRIJI《LANPEILU》。

NANZHAIJIAOGUANG

FANCHENGDAGUIGUOHOU,BEIRENMINGWEIZHONGSHUSHEREN。ZUICHU,ZHAOSHENSHUXIECUISHIZHUQIANZHIAN,LIANJISHIDAFU《ZHENGLUN》CIJIFUCHEN,FANCHENGDASHANGZOUSHUO:“YUBISHU《ZHENGLUN》,BENYIZAIYUYANGEFAJI,ZHENGDUNJIBI。ERJINRIDALISIYIDINGXINGFA,SHUNCIJIAZHONGYIJI,ZHEIBUSHIYIYANXINGHUANQUTAIPING,ERSHICANKU。”ZHAOSHENCHENGTASHUODESHIMINGZHIDEHUA。ZHANGSHUOBEIRENMINGWEIQIANSHUSHUMIYUANSHI,FANCHENGDAQICAOZHISHU,KOULIUMINGLINGQITIANBUXIADA,YOUSHANGSHUQUANGAO,ZUIZHONGZUZHILERENMING,DANFANCHENGDAYEYINCIZAOWAIDIAO。

QIANDAOQINIAN(1171NIAN),FANCHENGDAYIJIYINGDIANXIUZHUANCHUZHIJINGJIANGFU(GUANGXIGUILIN)JIANGUANGXIJINGLVEANFUSHI,CIJIWEI“NANZHAIJIAOGUANG”ZHIXING。

QIANDAOBANIAN(1172NIAN)LAYUEQIRI,FANCHENGDACONGJIAXIANGWUJUN(SUZHOU)CHUFA,NANJINGHUZHOU、YUHANG,ZHIFUYANGERRUFUCHUNJIANG,SUIHOUJINGTONGLU、LANXIRUQUJIANG,YOUJINGXINZHOU(SHANGRAO)、GUIXI、YUGANERDAONANCHANG,ZAIRUGANJIANG。

QIANDAOJIUNIAN(1173NIAN)YUANYUESHIERRI,FANCHENGDAZHILINJIANGJUN(ZHANGSHU),SHISIRIYOUXIANGLINHEPANYUAN,JIFANCHENGDALIUXIASHENKEYINXIANGDESHIJIKEDAMEI、GUMEI,WANNIANYINJUSHIHUHOU,TAJIUQUANLIJINGYINGSHIHUDEFANCUN,“YIQIDISANFENZHIYIYUMEI”,BINGZHUANMENZHUYOU《MEIPU》YIJUAN。FANCHENGDAHOUJIRUGANJIANGZHILIUYUANSHUI,GUOYUANZHOU(YICHUN)、PINGXIANGJINRUHUNANJINGNEI。FANXIANGJIANGNANXIA,ZHIHENGSHAN,BINGLUXINGJINGYONGZHOU、QUANZHOU。SANYUESHIRI,FANCHENGDARUGUILIN。

此次水陆路程共三千里,历时三月,著游记一卷,取韩愈咏桂北京pk10现场开奖直播林的“远胜登仙去,飞鸾不暇骖”诗意,取名为《骖鸾录》。

DANGSHI,GUANGXIPINFA,ZHUANKAOYANLI,CAOCHENYOUBAYANLIQUANBUQUZOU,YUSHISUOSHUXIANYIYOUZENGJIAYANJIAYIPEIMAIJIBAIXINGDEBIBING,ZHAOSHENXIAZHAOHUIFUCHAOYAN,CAOSIJULIUCHAOQIANPINGJUNFENJISUOSHUGEBU,DANQIANMEIANSHIDAO。FANCHENGDADAOGUANGXIHOU,SHUO:“YOUBIZHEIGENGZHIGUANZHONGYAODELIHAIMA?”SHANGSHUZHAOSHENSHUO:“KEYIQIANGZHIJIANQUCAOSIQIANGQUDESHUMU,YIJIGEJUNXIANSHIZHIKUANYU,NEIMEKEMAIYIPEIKEYIBEIJINZHI。”ZHAOSHENCAINALETADEYIJIAN。JINIANHOU,GUANGZHOUYANSHANGSHANGSHU,QIQIUHUIFUKESHANGFANYAN,ZAIXIANGTONGYITAMENDEYIJIAN,NACHUDALIANGDEYINQIANBANGZHUTAMEN。RENMENDUORENWEIBUHAO,ZHEIGEYIJIANFAJIYOUGUANBUMENTAOLUN,ZUIZHONGMEINENGGAIBIANFANCHENGDADEFANGFA。JIUFAGUIDINGZHENGFUSUOMAIZHIMAYISICHISANCUNWEIXIANDU,ZHAOSHENXIAZHAOJIADAOSICUNYISHANG,FANCHENGDASHUOHUSHISISHINIAN,BUYINGGAITURANGAIBIAN。

XIRUBASHU

淳熙二年(1175年),范成大受任为敷文阁待制、四川制置使、知成都府,途中他上疏说:“吐蕃、青羌两次侵犯黎州,而奴儿结、蕃列等尤其狡黠,轻视中国。臣应当教练将兵,外修堡寨,还要讲明训练团结的方法,使人人能够作战,这三方面没有钱不行。”孝宗赐给度牒钱四十万缗。范成大还未就任,便由四川制置使改为管内(成都路)制置使。范成大认为西南边境,黎州是要地,应增加能战的士兵五千,请设置路分都监。吐蕃入侵路线有十八条,全部修筑栅栏分别派兵戍守。奴儿结侵入安静寨,派飞山军一千人前往阻击,估计他们三天就会逃跑,结果果然如此。白水砦守将王文才私娶蛮族之女,常常带人攻打边境,范成大用重赏使蛮人互相怀疑,不久,王文才被俘获送到治所,范成大立即杀掉了他。蜀北边境过去有义士三万,是本地的民兵,监司、郡守私自役使他们,都统司又让他们与大军轮流戍边,范成大极力阻止,此事便未施行。蜀地名士孙松寿、樊汉广都不愿出来做官,范成大表彰他们的气节。凡是可用的人才,范成大全部招到幕下,用其所长,不拘于小节,其优秀突出的上书推荐,往往扬名于朝廷,位至二府。范成大在四川与陆游北京pk10现场开奖直播以文会友,成莫逆之交。

淳熙四年(1177年),范成大离任,五月底从成都万里桥出发,十月已巳进入吴郡(苏州)的盘门。这次的行程比较简单:沿岷江入长江,然后一路过三峡,经湖北、江西入江苏,从镇江转常州、苏州。此行有游记二卷,取杜甫“门泊东吴万里船”意命名为《吴船录》。与前二录相比,此书篇幅最长,也最为后人推重。

DONGBODENGHAI

CHUNXISINIAN(1177NIAN)CHUN,FANCHENGDAWOBING,QINGQIUFENGCI。WUYUEERSHIJIURI,LIKAICHENGDOU。SHIYUE,FANHUILINANZHAODUI,ZHAOSHENMINGTAQUANRENLIBUSHANGSHU。CHUNXIWUNIAN(1178NIAN)ZHENGYUE,YILIBUSHANGSHUZHIGONGJU。SIYUE,YIZHONGDAFUBAIGUANCANZHIZHENGSHIJIANQUANJIANXIU《GUOSHI》、《RILI》。LIUYUE,ZAOJIANGUANDANHEBAMIAN,FENGMINGZHUGUANCIGUAN。CHUNXIQINIAN(1180NIAN),FANCHENGDABEIQIYONGWEIMINGZHOUZHIZHOUJIANYANHAIZHIZHISHI,SHANGZOUQINGQIUBACHUJINXIANHAIWUJIQIANREN、WEIWANGZHAOKAIYIYONGDEQIANJIWANMIN,LAIJIANSHAOMINLIDEXIAOHAO,HUOYUNZHUN。

CHUNXIBANIAN(1181NIAN)ERYUE,CHAOTINGYINFANCHENGDA“ZHIJUNYOULAO”,RENMINGQIWEIDUANMINGDIANXUESHI。SANYUE,RENJIANKANG(JINNANJING)ZHIFU。SIYUE,FANCHENGDADAOREN。ZAIJIANKANGRENSHANG,TASHANGZOUDIAOJUNDUICHUXUDEERSHIWANSHIMIYIZHENJIMIN,BINGQINGJIANQUZUMIWUWANSHI。CHUNXIJIUNIAN(1182NIAN)BAYUE,YINFANCHENGDAYINGDUIHANZAI、ZHENJIJIMINYOUGONG,CHAOTING“ZHUANQIYIGUAN”YIJIANGSHANG。SHIYIYUE,TESHOUTAIZHONGDAFU。SHUIDAOXUWUANZHONGXINGSHI,HAOCHENG“JINGJIANGDAJIANGJUN”,FANCHENGDAJIANGQIZHUAHUOZHUSHA。

CHUNXISHINIAN(1183NIAN),FANCHENGDACHUZOUQINGKAICANGZHENJIJIMINWAI,HAIXIALINGJINGNEIQUBUFEIHUANG。YINKUYUFENGXUAN,CONGXIAZHIQIU,WUCIQINGQIUZHISHI,YUTONGNIANBAYUEBEIRENMINGWEIZIZHENGDIANXUESHI,ZAICITIJULINANFUDONGXIAOGONG。

TUIYINXIANYI

范成大致仕后,在石湖度过了长达十年较为闲适而优裕的晚年生活,于淳熙十三年(1186年)写下了最后的名作《四时田园杂兴六十首》,并于绍熙三年(1192年)左右为家乡撰写了《吴郡志》。

淳熙十五年(1188年)十一月,起任福州知州。范成大多次请辞,均未获允,只得入朝召对,获赵昚慰劳,并赐丹砂及手书的苏轼诗两首,太子赵惇(宋光宗)也赐“寿栎堂”三大字。其后又于延和殿论事。淳熙十六年(1189年),赴福州任,行至婺州(今浙江金华),称病坚请奉祠,获朝廷允准。其后向新即位的赵惇上陈“当世要务”。同年,封吴郡开国侯。绍熙三年(1192年),朝廷加范成大为资政殿大学士,起知太平州。范成大多次请辞未获准,只得于五月就任。六月,次女逝世,范成大因而辞官回乡。绍熙四年(1193年),范成大于病中自编的诗文全集完成,命其子范莘向杨万里求《序》。秋季,范成大病重,上疏请求致仕。九月五日(10月1日 ),范成大逝世,享年六十八岁。 朝命特赠五官。十二月十三日,归葬吴县至德乡上沙的赤山旁。后累赠少师、崇国公,谥号文穆。

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