北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

李清照

宋代诗人

李清照(1084年3月13日~1155年5月12日)号易安居士,汉族,山东省济南章丘人。宋代(南北宋之交)女词人,婉约词派代表,有“千古第一才女”之称。所作词,前期多写其悠闲生活,后期多悲叹身世,情调感伤。形式上善用白描手法,自辟途径,语言清丽。论词强调协律,崇尚典雅,提出词“别是一家”之说,反对以作诗文之法作词。能诗,留存不多,部分篇章感时咏史北京pk10现场开奖直播,情辞慷慨,与其词风不同。有《易安居士文集》《易安词》,已散佚。后人有《漱玉词》辑本。今有《李清照集校注》。

李清照诗词作品
李清照古籍名句
人物生平
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JIASHI

李清照出生于一个爱好文学艺术的士大夫的家庭。父亲李格非是济南历下人,进士出身,苏轼的学生,官至提点刑狱、礼部员外郎。藏书甚富,善属文,工于词章。现存于曲阜孔林思堂之东斋的北墙南起第一方石碣刻,上面写有:“提点刑狱、历下李格非,崇宁元年(1102年)正月二十八日率褐、过、迥、逅、远、迈,恭拜林冢下。”母亲是状元王拱宸的孙女,很有文学修养。

BINGCHENGJIAXUE

北京pk10现场开奖直播LIQINGZHAOZIYOUSHENGHUOZAIWENXUEFENWEISHIFENNONGHOUDEJIATINGLI,ERRUMURAN,JIAXUEXUNTAO,JIAZHICONGHUIYINGWU,CAIHUAGUOREN,SUOYI“ZISHAONIANBIANYOUSHIMING,CAILIHUASHAN,BIJINQIANBEI”(WANGZHUO《BIJIMANZHI》),CENGSHOUDAODANGSHIDEWENTANMINGJIA、SUSHIDEDADIZICHAOBUZHI(ZIWUJIU)DEDALICHENGZAN。ZHUBIAN《FENGYUETANGSHIHUA》JUANSHANGSHUO,LIQINGZHAO“SHANSHUWEN,YUSHIYOUGONG,CHAOWUJIUDUODUISHIDAFUCHENGZHI”。《SHUOFU》DISISHILIUJUANYIN《RUIGUITANGXIALU》CHENGTA“CAIGAOXUEBO,JINDAIXIANLUN”。ZHUYU《PINGZHOUKETAN》BIEBENJUANZHONGCHENGYANGTADE“SHIWENDIANSHAN,WUKUIYUGUZHIZUOZHE”。

LIQINGZHAODESHAONIANSHIDAISUIFUQINSHENGHUOYUBIANJING,YOUYADESHENGHUOHUANJING,TEBIESHIJINGDOUDEFANHUAJINGXIANG,JIFALELIQINGZHAODECHUANGZUOREQING,CHULEZUOSHIZHIWAI,KAISHIZAICITANSHANGZHANLUTOUJIAO,XIECHULEWEIHOUSHIGUANGWEICHUANSONGDEZHUMINGCIZHANG《RUMENGLING》(ZUOYEYUSHUFENGZHOU) 。CICIYIWENSHI,BIANHONGDONGLEZHENGGEJINGSHI,“DANGSHIWENSHIMOBUJIJIECHENGSHANG,WEIYOUNENGDAOZHIZHE”(《YAOSHANTANGWAIJI》JUANWUSHISI)。

李清照读了著名的《读中兴颂碑》诗后,当即写出了令人拍案叫绝的和诗《浯溪中兴颂诗和张文潜》 两首。此诗笔势纵横地评议兴废,总结了唐代“安史之乱” 前后兴败盛衰的历史教训,借嘲讽唐明皇,告诫宋朝统治者“夏商有鉴当深戒,简策汗青今具在”。一个初涉世事的少女,对国家社稷能表达出如此深刻的关注和忧虑,不能不令世人刮目。因此,宋代周的《清波杂志》认为,这两首和诗“以妇人而厕众作,非深有思致者能之乎?”明代陈宏绪的《寒夜录》评此两诗:“奇气横溢,尝鼎一脔,已知为驼峰、麟脯矣。”

QINSEHEXIAN

北京pk10现场开奖直播SONGHUIZONGJIANZHONGJINGGUOYUANNIAN(1101NIAN),LIQINGZHAO18SUI,YUSHINIAN21SUIDETAIXUESHENGZHAOMINGCHENGZAIBIANJINGCHENGHUN。JULIQINGZHAOZAI《JINSHILUHOUXU》ZHONGYUN:“YUJIANZHONGXINSI,SHIGUIZHAOSHI。”DANGSHILIQINGZHAOZHIFUZUOLIBUYUANWAILANG,ZHAOMINGCHENGZHIFUZUOLIBUSHILANG,JUNWEICHAOTINGGAOJIGUANLI。LIQINGZHAOFUFUSUIXI“GUIJIAZIDI”,DANYIN“ZHAO、LIZUHAN,SUPINJIAN”,SUOYI,ZAITAIXUEDUSHUDEZHAOMINGCHENG,DANGCHUYI、SHIWUGAOJIAHUIJIAYUQIZITUANJUSHI,CHANGXIANDAODANGPUDIANZHIJIJIANYIWU,HUANYIDIANQIAN,RANHOUBURURENAODEXIANGGUOSISHICHANG,MAIHUITAMENSUOXIAIDEBEIWENHEGUOSHI,FUFU“XIANGDUIZHANWANJUJIAO”。GULAOSHENMIDEBEIWEN,BATAMENYINXIANGYAOYUANDELISHINIANDAI,DAIJITAMENYIZHONGTEYOUDEWENHUAYISHUXIANGSHOU,SHITAMENFANGFOZHISHENYUWUYOUWULVDEYUANGUSHIQI,YINER“ZIWEIGETIANSHIZHIMINYE”。

后两年,赵明诚进入仕途,虽有了独立的经济来源,但夫妇二人仍然过着非常俭朴的生活,且立下了“穷遐方绝域,尽天下古文奇字之志”。赵家藏书虽然相当丰富,可是对于李清照、赵明诚来说,却远远不够。于是他们便通过亲友故旧,想方设法,把朝廷馆阁收藏的罕见珍本秘籍借来“尽力传写,浸觉有味,不能自已”。遇有名人书,三代奇器,更不惜“脱衣市易”。然而,他们的力量毕竟有限。一次,有人拿了一幅南唐画家徐熙的《牡丹图》求售,索钱20万文。他们留在家中玩赏了两夜,爱不释手。但是,计无所出,只好恋恋不舍地归还了人家。为此,“夫妇相向惋怅者数日”。新婚后的生活,虽然清贫,但安静和谐,高雅有趣,充满着幸福与欢乐。

可惜好景不长,朝廷内部激烈的新旧党争把李家卷了进去。李清照出嫁后的第二年,也就是宋徽宗崇宁元年(1102年)七月,其父李格非被列入元祐党籍,不得在京城任职。其时被列党籍者17人,李格非名在第五,被罢提点京东路刑狱之职。九月,徽宗亲书元祐党人名单,刻石端礼门,共120人,李格非名列第二十六。而在同一年,赵挺之却一路升迁,六月除尚书右丞,八月除尚书左丞。为救父之危难,李清照曾上诗赵挺之。对此,张尝谓:“(文叔女上诗赵挺之)救其父云:‘何况人间父子情’,识者哀之。”(《洛阳名园记》序) 晁公武亦云:“(格非女)有才藻名,其舅正夫(挺之字) 相徽宗朝,李氏尝献诗云:‘炙手可热心可寒’。”(《郡斋读书志》)惜均未奏效。被罢官后的李格非,只得携眷回到原籍明水。

朝廷党争愈演愈烈,李格非“元祐党人”的罪名竟株连到李清照身上。崇宁二年(1103年)九月庚寅诏禁元祐党人子弟居京;辛巳,诏:“宗室不得与元祐奸党子孙为婚姻。”(《宋史》卷十九《徽宗本纪》)崇宁三年(1104年),“夏,四月,甲辰朔,尚书省勘会党人子弟,不问有官无官,并令在外居住,不得擅自到阙下”(《续资治通鉴》卷八十八) 。据此,李清照与赵明诚这对原本恩爱的夫妻,不仅面临被拆散的危险,而且偌大的汴京,已经没有了李清照的立锥之地,不得不只身离京回到原籍,去投奔先行被遣归的家人。

ZHENGZHIFENGYUNBIANHUAN,SHISHIFANFUMOCE。CHONGNINGSINIAN(1105NIAN)MUCHUN,ZHAOTINGZHISHICHUSHANGSHUYOUPUSHEJIANZHONGSHUSHILANG。LIUYUE,“(YIN)YU(CAI)JINGZHENGQUAN,LVCHENQIJIANE,QIEQINGQUWEIBIZHI”,SUIYINJIQIBAYOUPUSHE(《SONGSHI?ZHAOTINGZHICHUAN》)。JINJINGUOLEBANNIANDUO,CHONGNINGWUNIAN(1106NIAN)ERYUE,CAIJINGBAXIANG,ZHAOTINGZHIFUSHOUSHANGSHUYOUPUSHEJIANZHONGSHUSHILANG。YUCITONGSHI,CHAOTINGHUI《YUANYOUDANGRENBEI》,JIERDASHETIANXIA,JIECHUYIQIEDANGRENZHIJIN,LIGEFEIDENG“BINGLINGLIBUYUJIANMIAOCHAQIAN”(《XUZIZHITONGJIANSHIBU》JUANERSHILIU),LIQINGZHAOYEDEYIFANGUIBIANJINGYUZHAOMINGCHENGTUANJU。DANSHI,SONGHUIZONGDAGUANYUANNIAN(1107NIAN)ZHENGYUE,CAIJINGYOUFUXIANG,WUQINGDEZHENGZHIZAINANYOUJIANGDAOLEZHAOSHIYIJIATOUSHANG。SANYUE,ZHAOTINGZHIBEIBAYOUPUSHEHOUWURIBINGZU。ZUHOUSANRI,JIBEICAIJINGWUXIAN。JIASHU、QINQIZAIJINGZHEBEIBURUYU,YINWUSHISHI,QIYUEYUJU,BUJIUJIHUOSHI。DANZHAOTINGZHIZENGGUANQUEBEIZHUIDUO,QIZIDEYINFENGZHIGUANYIYINERDIUSHI,ZHAOJIAYINANYIJIXULIUJUJINGSHI。LIQINGZHAOZHIHAOSUIZHAOSHIYIJIAHUIDAOZAIQINGZHOUDESIDI,KAISHILEPINGJUXIANGLIDESHENGHUO。

LIQINGZHAO、ZHAOMINGCHENGPINGJUQINGZHOU,SHIYUSONGHUIZONGDAGUANYUANNIAN(1107NIAN)QIU。CINIANLIQINGZHAO25SUI,MINGQISHIYUE“GUILAITANG”,ZIHAO“YIANJUSHI”。

“归来堂”,取义于陶渊明《归去来兮辞》。其时,曾对清照极为称赏的文学家晁补之与李清照之父同以党籍罢官归隐,自号“归来子”。晁补之在故乡缗城 (今山东金乡)修“归去来园”,园中的堂、亭、轩皆以《归去来兮辞》中之词语命名(见晁补之《归来子名缗城所居记》) 。李清照、赵明诚以“归来堂”名其书房,盖出于对晁补之的仰慕,步其后而模仿之。《归去来兮辞》中有“倚南窗以寄傲,审容膝之易安”句,清照自号“易安居士”,当亦取其中之雅意。“归来堂”中,李清照与赵明诚虽然失掉了昔日京师丞相府中的优裕生活,然而却得到了居于乡里平静安宁的无限乐趣。他们相互支持,研文治学创作;他们节衣缩食,搜求金石古籍,度过了一段平生少有的和美日月。在《金石录后序》中,李清照对此作了较为详尽纺叙述:

HOUPINGJUXIANGLISHINIAN,YANGQUFUSHI,YISHIYOUYU。LIANSHOULIANGJUN,JIEQIFENGRU,YISHIQIANQIAN。MEIHUOYISHU,JITONGGONGKANXIAO,ZHENGJIQIANTI。DESHU、HUA、YI、DING,YIMOWANSHUJUAN,ZHIZHAICIBING,YEJINYIZHUWEILV。GUNENGZHIZHAJINGZHI,ZIHUAWANZHENG,GUANZHUSHOUSHUJIA。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QINGZHOUGUCHENGSHIGUQIGUODEFUXINDIQU,SHIGULAODEWENWUZHIBANG,FENGBEIJUJIE,SUOZAIDUOYOU,SANDAIGUQI,SHIYOUCHUTU。ZHAOMINGCHENGFUFUZAIDANGDISHOUJIDAO《DONGWEIZHANGLIEBEI》、《BEIQILINHUAIWANGXIANGBEI》、TANGLIYONGZHUANSHU《DAYUNSISHANYUANBEI》DENGYIDAPISHIKEZILIAO。YIDOUCHUTUDEYOUMINGGUJI,CHANGLEDANSHUIANCHUTUDEGUGU、GUJUE,LUXUCHENGWEITAMENDEBAOZANG。

政和四年 (1114年) 新秋,赵明诚题“易安居士三十一岁之照”,云:“清丽其词,端庄其品,归去来兮,真堪偕隐。政和甲午新秋,德父题于归来堂。”(《易安居士画像》及赵明诚题词,近人多判其伪。但据《上海师范大学学报》1987年第二期吴金娣《有关赵明诚、李清照夫妇的一份珍贵资料》一文介绍,上海博物馆藏《欧阳修(集古录)跋尾》赵明诚墨迹与《画像》题词墨迹相比较,许多字的字形结构与运笔都甚相似。以此该文认为《画像》题词确为赵明诚手迹。)

ZHENGHEQINIAN(1117NIAN),ZAILIQINGZHAODEXIANGZHUXIA,ZHAOMINGCHENGDATISHANGWANCHENGLE《JINSHILU》DEXIEZUO。CHUZIZUOXUYANWAI,HAITEQINGDANGSHIZHUMINGXUEZHELIUQITIXIELEYIPIAN《HOUXU》。SHICHENG,ZHAOMINGCHENGZHUAN《JINSHILU》,LIQINGZHAO“YIBIXUEQIJIAN”(ZHANGDUANYI《GUIERJI》JUANSHANG)。

SONGHUIZONGXUANHESANNIAN(1121NIAN),LIQINGZHAO38SUI。CHUN、XIALIANGJIRENGZAIQINGZHOU。SIYUEERSHIWU、ERSHILIURI,ZHAOMINGCHENGCHANGYOUYANGTIANSHANSHUILIANDONGBINGTIMINGKEDONGNEISHIBI。BUJIUJIZHILAIZHOU。CHU,LIQINGZHAOWEITONGXING。ZHIQIUBAYUE,QINGZHAOCAIYOUQINGZHOUFULAIZHOU。TUJINGCHANGLE,SUYUYIGUAN,ZUO《DIELIANHUA·WANZHICHANGLEGUANJIZIMEI》,BIAODADUIQINGZHOUZIMEIDEXIBIEZHIQING。BAYUESHIRI,QINGZHAODAODALAIZHOU,YOUZUO《GANHUAI》SHIYISHOU。SHIQIANYOUXIAOXUYUN:“XUANHEXINCHOUBAYUESHIRIDAOLAI,DUZUOYISHI,PINGSHENGSUOJIAN,JIEBUZAIMUQIAN。JISHANGYOULIYUN,YINXINSHOUKAIZHI,YUEYISUOKAIWEIYUNZUOSHI。OUDE‘ZI’ZI,YINYIWEIYUN,ZUOGANHUAISHIYUN。”

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZAILAIZHOUQIJIAN,LIQINGZHAOJIXUBANGZHUZHAOMINGCHENGJIJIZHENGLI《JINSHILU》,QIE“ZHUANGJUANCHUJIU,YUNQIANPIAODAI,SHUSHIJUANWEIYIZHI。MEIRIWANGENGSAN,ZHEXIAOKANERJUAN,BATIYIJUAN”《JINSHILUHOUXU》。

宣和七年(1125年) ,李清照42岁。赵明诚改守淄州。赵明诚曾得唐白居易所书《棱严经》与李清照共赏。

SONGQINZONGJINGKANGYUANNIAN(1126NIAN),LIQINGZHAO43SUI,RENGSUIZHAOMINGCHENGJUZIZHOU。SHINIAN,ZHAOMINGCHENGYINPINGDINGDIFANGTAOBINGRAOLUANYOUGONGZHUANYIGUAN。

DIANLIPIAOBO

SONGQINZONGJINGKANGERNIAN、GAOZONGJIANYANYUANNIAN(1127NIAN),LIQINGZHAO44SUI。JINRENDAJUNANQIN,FUHUOSONGHUIZONG、QINZONGFUZIBEIQU,SHICHENG“JINGKANGZHIBIAN”,BEISONGCHAOTINGBENGKUI。WUYUE,KANGWANGZHAOGOUJIWEIYUNANJINGYINGTIANFU(JINHENANSHANGQIU),GAIYUANJIANYAN,SHIWEIGAOZONG,NANSONGKAISHI。SHINIANSANYUEZHAOMINGCHENGYINMUQINSIYUJIANGNING(JINNANJINGSHI),NANXIABENSANG。BAYUE,QIZHIJIANGNINGFU,JIANJIANGDONGJINGZHIFUSHI。BEIFANGJUSHIYULAIYUJINZHANG,LIQINGZHAOZHESHOUZHENGLILINXUANSHOUZANGZHUNBEINANXIA:“JIZHANGWUBUNENGJINZAI,NAIXIANQUSHUZHIZHONGDAYINBENZHE,YOUQUHUAZHIDUOFUZHE,YOUQUGUQIZHIWUKUANSHIZHE。HOUYOUQUSHUZHIJIANBENZHE,HUAZHIPINGCHANGZHE,QIZHIZHONGDAZHE。 FANLVJIANQU, SHANGZAISHUSHIWUCHE,ZHIDONGHAI,LIANLUDUHUAI,YOUDUJIANG,ZHIJIANKANG。” (《JINSHILUHOUXU》)SHIERYUE,QINGZHOUBINGBIAN,SHAJUNSHOUCENGXIAOXU,QINGZHOUSHENGYUSHUCEBEIFEN。(LIQINGZHAOZAI《JINSHILUHOUXU》ZHONGCENGZHEIYANGJIZAICISHI:“QINGZHOUGUDI,SHANGSUOSHUCEYONGWUSHIYUJIAN,QIMINGNIANZAIJUZHOUZAIZHI。SHIERYUE,JINRENXIANQINGZHOU。”CICHUWENZIDANGYINZAICHUANCHAOZHONGHUODUOHUOYANERZHENWU。SHISHIYINGWEI“QINGZHOUBINGBIAN”。)

北京pk10现场开奖直播DANGLIQINGZHAOYAYUN15CHESHUJIQIWU,XINGZHIZHENJIANGSHI,ZHENGYUZHANGYUXIANZHENJIANGFU,ZHENJIANGSHOUCHENQIANBOYANQICHENGERQU(《XUZIZHITONGJIAN》JUANYI0YI),ERLIQINGZHAOQUEYIQIDAZHIDAYONGZAIBINGHUANGMALUANZHONGJIANGZHEIPIXISHIZHIBAO,YUJIANYANERNIAN(1128NIAN)CHUNYADIJIANGNINGFU。

北京pk10现场开奖直播LIQINGZHAOZHIJIANGNINGHOU,XUERIMEIDENGCHENGYUANLANYIXUNSHI。ZHOU 《QINGBOZAZHI》JUANBAYOUYUN:“QINGJIANYIANZURENYAN,MINGCHENGZAIJIANKANGRI,YIANMEIZHITIANDAXUE,JIDINGLIPISUO,XUNCHENGYUANLANYIXUNSHI。DEJUBIYAOQIFUGENGHE,MINGCHENGMEIKUZHIYE。”YISONGGAOZONGWEISHOUDETUOXIETOUJIANGPAI,JIEKOUSHISHIWEIJIAN,JUJUEZHUZHANPAIBEIJINZHONGYUAN,YIWEIYANHEGOUAN。LIQINGZHAOSHIFENBUMAN, LVXIESHIFENGCI, CENGYOU“NANLAISHANGQIEWUJIANGLENG,BEISHOUYINGBEIYISHUIHAN”、“NANDUYIGUANSHAOWANGDAO,BEILAIXIAOXIQIANLIUKUN”ZHIJU。

建炎三年(1129年)二月,赵明诚罢守江宁。三月与李清照“具舟上芜湖,入姑孰,将卜居赣水上”(《金石录后序》)。舟过乌江楚霸王自刎处,清照有感而作《绝句北京pk10现场开奖直播》以吊项羽。以项羽宁肯一死,引颈乌江以谢江东父老的壮烈史迹,对南宋统治者进行讽喻。五月,至池阳(今安徽贵池),赵明诚被旨知湖州。李清照在《金石录后序》中回忆说,赵明诚将“过阙上殿。遂驻家池阳,独赴召。六月十三日,始负担,舍舟坐岸上,葛衣岸巾,精神如虎,目光烂烂射人,望舟中告别。余意甚恶,呼曰:‘如传闻城中缓急奈何。’戟手遥应曰:‘从众。必不得已,先弃辎重,次衣被,次书册卷轴,次古器,独所谓宗器者,可自负抱,与身俱存亡,勿忘之。’遂驰马去”。不幸的是,由于途中感疾,赵明诚竟于八月十八日卒于建康。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHAOMINGCHENGZUHOU,LIQINGZHAOWEIWENJIZHI,WENYUE:“BAIRIZHENGZHONG,TANPANGWENGZHIJIJIE;JIANCHENGZIDUO,LIANQIFUZHIBEISHEN。”(XIE《SILIUTANZHU》JUANYI)ZANGBIZHAOMINGCHENG,LIQINGZHAODABINGYICHANG。DANGSHIGUOSHIRIJI,ZHAOMINGCHENGMEIXULIZHUOQUANBINGBUSHILANG,CONGWEITAIHOUZAIHONGZHOU(JINJIANGXINANCHANG)。WEIBAOCUNZHAOMINGCHENGSUOYILIUWENWUSHUJI,LIQINGZHAOPAIRENYUNSONGXINGLIQUTOUBENTA。BULIAODANGNIANSHIYIYUE,JINRENXIANHONGZHOU,SUOWEILIANLUDUJIANGZHISHUSANWEIYUNYAN。LIQINGZHAOZHIHAOXIEDAISHAOLIANGQINGBIANDESHUTIEDIANJICANGHUANGNANTAO。ZHIHOU,LIQINGZHAOCENGYIDUWANGYISHIRENCHIJUSHANDINGGUANDEDIDILIHANG。ZHEISHICHUANYOUMILUNLIEZHAOMINGCHENGZHE,YOUSUOWEI“BANJIN”ZHIYU,LIQINGZHAOBEIPOYISUOYOUTONGQIDENGWUZHUISUIDIZONG,XITUTOUJINCHAOTING。DIANPEILIULIZHONG,SUOYUWENWUYOUSANSHIDABAN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播JIANYANSINIAN(1130NIAN)CHUN,LIQINGZHAOZHUISUIDIZONGLIUXIZHEDONGYIDAI。“DAOTAI,SHOUYIDUN。ZHIYANCHULU,YOUQIYIBEIZOUHUANGYAN,GUZHOURUHAI,BENXINGCHAO,SHIZHUBIZHANGAN,CONGYUZHOUHAIDAODAOZHIWEN,YOUZHIYUE。”JIUYUE,LIUYUZAIJINRENFUCHIXIA,JIANWEIQIZHENGQUAN。LIQINGZHAOYOUSHICHIZHIYUE:“LIANGHANBENJISHAO,XINSHIRUZHUIYOU。SUOYIJIZHONGSAN,ZHISIBOYINZHOU。”SHIYIYUE,CHAOTINGFANGSANBAIGUAN,LIQINGZHAODAODAQUZHOU。

SHAOXINGYUANNIAN(1131NIAN)SANYUE,LIQINGZHAOFUYUE(JINZHEJIANGSHAOXING),JUTUMINZHONGSHIZHIJIA,YIXISHUHUABEIDAO。TABEITONGBUYI,ZHONGLISHANGSHOUSHU。ZHICI,SUOYOUTUSHUWENWUDABUSANSHI。

SHAOXINGERNIAN(1132NIAN),LIQINGZHAODAODAHANGZHOU。TUSHUWENWUSANSHIDAIJINZAOCHENGDEJUDATONGKU,DIANPEILIULIDETAOWANGSHENGHUOJIYUDEWUQINGZHEMO,SHILIQINGZHAOXIANRUSHANGTONGBAIBANZOUTOUWULUDEJUEJING。GUDUWUYIZHIZHONG,ZAIJIAZHANGRUZHOU。ZHANGRUZHOUZAOJIUJIYUTADEZHENGUISHOUZANG。DANGHUNHOUFAXIANLIQINGZHAOJIAZHONGBINGWUDUOSHAOCAIWUSHI,BIANDASHISUOWANG,SUIJIBUDUANKOUJIAO,JINERMANMA,SHENZHIQUANJIAOXIANGJIA。ZHANGRUZHOUDEYEMANXINGJING,SHILIQINGZHAONANYIRONGREN。HOUFAXIANZHANGRUZHOUHAIYOUYINGSIWUBI、XUBAOJUSHUPIANQUGUANZHIDEZUIXING。LIQINGZHAOBIANBAOGUANGAOFALEZHANGRUZHOU,BINGYAOQIULIHUN。JINGCHASHUSHI,ZHANGRUZHOUBEICHUMINGBIANGUANLIUZHOU。LIQINGZHAOSUIBEIHUOZHUNLIHUN, DANSONGDAIFALVGUIDING,QIGAOFUYAOPANCHU3NIANTUXING,GUYISHENXIANLINGYU。HOUJINGHANLINXUESHIQICHONGLIDENGQINYOUDEDALIYINGJIU,GUANYA9RIZHIHOUHUOSHI。(DUIYULIQINGZHAOGAIJIAZHANGRUZHOUZHISHI,HOUSHIXUEZHEPOYOUZHENGYI。QISHI,FUNVGAIJIAZAISONGDAIQIANQIBINGBUSHAOJIAN,QIEBUYINGXIANGLIQINGZHAORENPIN,SONGRENDUOJIATANJICISHI,YINGDANGKEXIN。GURENBIANWUZHISHUO,SHIJISHISHOUFENGJIANLIJIAOGUANNIANSHUFUDEJIEGUO。)

虽然经历了一场再嫁匪人、离异系狱的灾难,但是李清照生活的意志并未消沉,诗词创作的热情更趋高涨。她从个人的痛苦中解脱出来之后,把眼光投到对国家大事的关注上。绍兴三年(1133年)五月,朝廷派同签书枢密院事韩肖胄和工部尚书胡松年出使金朝。李清照满怀激情地作古诗、律诗各一首为二公送行。诗中有“欲将血泪寄山河,去洒东山一抔土”之句,表达了反击侵略、收复失地的强烈愿望,充满了关念故国的情怀。

SHAOXINGSINIAN(1134NIAN),LIQINGZHAOWANCHENGLE《JINSHILUHOUXU》DEXIEZUO。SHIYUE,BILUANJINHUA,XIECHENG《DAMATUJING》BING《XU》,YOUZUO《DAMAFU》。SUIWEIYOUXIWENZI,QUEYUSHESHISHI。JIETANLUNBOYIZHISHI,YINYONGDALIANGYOUGUANZHANMADEDIANGUHELISHISHANGKANGESHADIDEWEIWUXIONGZHUANGZHIJU,REQINGDIZANYANGLEXIANGHUANWEN、XIEANDENGZHONGCHENLIANGJIANGDEZHIYONG,ANFENGNANSONGTONGZHIZHEBUSHILIANGCAI、 BUSIKANGJINDEYONGLIUWUNENG,JIYUDUISHOUFUSHIDIDEYUANWANG,SHUFALEGEREN“LIESHIMUNIAN”DEGANKAI。

ZAIJINHUAQIJIAN,LIQINGZHAOHAICENGZUO《WULINGCHUN》CI,GANTANZHANZHUANPIAOBO、WUJIAKEGUIDEBEICANSHENSHI,BIAODADUIGUOPOJIAWANGHELIFUSHENGHUODECHOUKU。YOUZUO《TIBAYONGLOU》SHI,BEISONGSHIZHIBUZHEN,KAIJIANGSHANZHINANSHOU,QI“JIANGSHANLIUYUHOURENCHOU”ZHIJU,KANCHENGQIANGUJUECHANG。

绍兴十三年(1143年)前后,李清照将赵明诚遗作《金石录》校勘整理,表进于朝。越十余年,大约在绍兴二十六年(1156年)或者以后,李清照怀着对死去亲人的绵绵思念和对故土难归的无限失望,在极度孤苦、凄凉中,悄然辞世,享年至少73岁。

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