北京pk10现场开奖直播

CHUANBOGUOXUEJINGDIAN

YANGYUHUAXIAERNV

于谦

明代诗人

于谦(1398年5月13日-1457年2月16日),字廷益,号节庵,官至少保,世称于少保。汉族,明朝浙江承宣布政使司杭州钱塘县人。因参与平定汉王朱高煦谋反有功,得到明宣宗器重,担任明朝山西河南巡抚。明英宗时期,因得罪王振下狱,后释放,起为兵部侍郎。土木之变后英宗被俘,郕王朱祁钰监国,擢兵部尚书。于谦力排南迁之议,决策守京师,与诸大臣请郕王即位。瓦剌兵逼京师,督战,击退之。论功加封少保,总督军务,终迫也先遣使议和,使英宗得归。天顺元年因“谋逆”罪被冤杀。谥曰忠肃。有《于忠肃集》。于谦与岳飞北京pk10现场开奖直播、张煌言并称“西湖三杰”。

于谦诗词作品
人物生平
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NIANSHAOYOUWEI

于谦家族世居考城(故里在今河南省民权县程庄镇于庄村)。太祖于伯汉先居山西后迁至苏州,高祖于夔仕元为官。于谦的曾祖父于九思任杭州路大总管,遂迁居杭州钱塘县太平里,故史载于谦为浙江钱塘人。祖父于文明洪武年间任工部主事,父亲于彦昭隐居家乡钱塘不仕,于谦少年时即敬佩仰慕文天祥的气节,悬文天祥像于座位之侧,几十年如一日。

YUQIANQISUISHI,YOUGEHESHANGJINGQIYUTADEXIANGMAO,SHUO:“ZHEISHIJIANGLAIZHENGJIUSHIJUDEZAIXIANG。”BASUISHI,TACHUANZHEHONGSEYIFU,QIMAWANSHUA。LINJIALAOZHEJUEDEHENYOUQU,XINONGTASHUO:“HONGHAIER,QIHEIMAYOUJIE。”YUQIANYINGSHENGERDA:“CHIDIZI,ZHANBAISHEDANGDAO。”XIALIANBUJINGONGZHENG,ERQIEHAIXIANLUCHUTAFEITONGXUNCHANGDEQISHI。

YONGLESHIJIUNIAN(1421NIAN),YUQIANKAOQUXINCHOUKEJINSHI。

XUNANJIANGXI

XUANDEYUANNIAN(1426NIAN),HANWANGZHUGAOXUZAILEANZHOUQIBINGMOUPAN,YUQIANSUIMINGXUANZONGZHUZHANJIQINZHENG。YUQIANBEIRENMINGWEIYUSHI,DAIGAOXUCHUJIANG,MINGXUANZONGRANGYUQIANSHULUOTADEZUIXING。YUQIANZHENGCIZHANZHAN,SHENGSEZHENLI,ZHUGAOXUZAIZHEIWEIYUSHIDELINGLIGONGSHIXIA,BEIMADETAIBUQITOU,PAZAIDISHANGBUTINGDIFADOU(FUDIZHANLI),ZICHENGZUIGAIWANSI。MINGXUANZONGDAYUE,DANGJIXIALINGPAIYUQIANXUNANJIANGXI,PINGFANYUANYUSHUBAIQI。YUQIANXUNFUJINYUYUQIANSHANGSHUZOUBAOSHANXIGECHUGUANXIAOSAORAOBAIXING,ZHAOLINGPAIYUSHIDAIBUTAMEN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播XUANDEWUNIAN(1430),XUANZONGZHIDAOYUQIANKEYICHENGDANZHONGREN,DANGSHIGANGYAOZENGSHEGEBUYOUSHILANGWEIZHIJIEPAIZHUSHENGDEXUNFU,YUSHIQINSHOUXIELEYUQIANDEMINGZIJIAOJILIBU,YUEJITISHENGWEIBINGBUYOUSHILANG,XUNFUHENAN、SHANXI。YUQIANDAORENHOU,QINGZHUANGQIMAZOUBIANLESUOGUANXIADEDIQU,FANGWENFULAO,KAOCHADANGSHIGEXIANGYINGGAIXINGBANHUOZHEGEXINDESHI,BINGLIJISHANGSHU。YINIANSHANGSHUJICI,SHAOYOUSHUIHANZAIHAI,MASHANGSHANGBAO。

正统六年(1441年)上书说:“现在河南、山西都积蓄了数百万斤粮食。请在每年三月份时,令府州县报上缺少食物的下等民户,然后按分额支给他们粮食,先给豆类和高粱,其次给小米和麦子,最后给稻谷,等秋收后偿还。因年老有病以及贫困而不能偿还的则给予免除。州县官吏任期已满应当升迁的,如果预备粮不足,不能离任。还要命令风宪官员经常监察。”皇上下令施行。河南黄河沿岸,经常被洪水冲开缺口。于谦令加厚建筑堤坝,每个乡里都要设亭,亭设亭长,责令其督率修缮堤坝。又命令百姓种树挖井,结果当地榆柳夹路,行人也不再受渴了。大同孤立在塞外,按抚山西的官员常走不到,于谦请另设御史来治理。又把镇边将领私人开垦的田地全部收为官家屯田,以资助边防开支。于谦的恩威远为流行,太行山的盗贼为此而不敢露面。

XUNFUJINYU

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHENGTONGNIANCHU,YANGSHIQI、YANGRONG、YANGPUZHUCHINEIGECHAOZHENG,DOUHENZHONGSHIYUQIAN。YUQIANSUOZOUQINGDESHI,ZAOSHANGSHANGZOUZHANG,WANSHANGBIANDEDAOPIZHUN,DOUSHI“SANYANG”ZHUBANDE。DANYUQIANMEICIJINJINGSHANGYIGUOSHISHI,DOUSHIKONGZHEKOUDAIJINQU,NEIXIEYOUQUANSHIDERENBUNENGBUGANDAOSHIWANG。

DAOLE“SANYANG”YIJINGQUSHI,TAIJIANWANGZHENKAISHIZHANGQUAN,ZUOWEIZUOFU,SIWUJIDANDIZHAOQUANNAHUI。BAIGUANDACHENZHENGXIANGXIANJINQIUMEI。MEIFENGCHAOHUIQIJIAN,JINJIANWANGZHENZHE,BIXUXIANNABAIYINBAILIANG;RUONENGXIANBAIYINQIANLIANG,SHIDEKUANDAIJIUSHI,ZUIBAOERGUI。ERYUQIANMEICIJINJINGZOUSHI,CONGBUDAIRENHELIPIN。YOURENQUANTASHUO:“NINBUKENSONGJINYINCAIBAO,NANDAOBUNENGDAIDIANTUCHANQU?”YUQIANXIAOSAYIXIAO,SHUAILESHUAITADELIANGZHIXIUZI,SHUO:“ZHIYOUQINGFENG。”HAITEYIXIESHI《RUJING》YIMINGZHI:JUANPAMOGUJIXIANXIANG,BENZIMINYONGFANWEIYANG。QINGFENGLIANGXIUCHAOTIANQU,MIANDELVYANHUADUANZHANG。HOUYUQIANRUCHAO,TUIJIANCANZHENGWANGLAI、SUNYUANZHEN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播TONGZHENGSHILIXIFENGYINGWANGZHENDEZHISHI,DANHEYUQIANYINWEIZHANGQIWEIDEJINSHENGERXINSHENGBUMAN,SHANZITUIJURENDAITIZIJI。BATATOUDAOSIFABUMENPANCHUSIXING,GUANZAIYUZHONGSANGEYUE。HOULAIBAIXINGTINGSHUOYUQIANBEIPANCHUSIXING,YISHIJIANQUNMINGONGFEN,LIANMINGSHANGSHU。WANGZHENBIANBIANLEGELIYOUJIZIJIXIATAI,CHENGCONGQIANYEYOUGEMINGJIAOYUQIANDERENHETAYOUENYUAN,SHUOSHIBANEIGE“YUQIAN”HEBEIGUANQILAIDEYUQIANGAOCUOLE,CAIBAYUQIANFANGCHULAI,JIANGZHIWEIDALISISHAOQING。HOUQIUSHANXI。

SHANXI、HENANDEGUANLIHEBAIXINGFUFUZAIGONGMENQIANSHANGSHU,QINGQIUYUQIANLIURENDERENSHUYIQIANJI,ZHOUWANG、JINWANGDENGFANWANGYEZHEIYANGSHANGYAN,YUSHIZAIMINGYUQIANWEIXUNFU。DANGSHIDESHANDONG、SHANXILIUMINDAOHENANQIUSHIDE,YOUERSHIYUWANREN,YUQIANQINGQIUFAFANGHENAN、HUAIQINGLIANGFUJICHUDESUMIJIUJI。YOUZOUQINGLINGBUZHENGSHINIANFUANFUZHAOJIZHEIXIEREN,JITAMENTIAN、NIUHEZHONGZI,YOULILAOJIANDUGUANLI。QIANHOUZAIRENGONGSHIJIUNIAN,TAFUMUQUSHISHI,DOURANGTAHUIQUBANLISANGSHI,BUJIUBIANQIYONGYUANZHI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播ZHENGTONGSHISANNIAN(1448NIAN),YUQIANBEIZHAOHUIJING,RENBINGBUZUOSHILANG。

BAOWEIJINGSHI

正统十四年(1449年)七月,也先大举进犯,王振挟持明英宗亲征。于谦和兵部尚书邝埜极力劝谏,但明英宗不听。邝埜跟随明英宗管理军队,留于谦主持兵部的工作。待到英宗在土木堡被俘,京师大为震惊,大家都不知道该怎么办。郕王监国,命令群臣讨论作战和防守的方略。

侍讲徐珵(即徐有贞北京pk10现场开奖直播)说星象有变化,应当迁都南京。于谦厉声说:“提议南迁的人应当斩首!京师是天下根本,只要一动便大事去矣。难道不见宋朝南渡的故事吗?”于谦力主抗战,得到吏部尚书王直、内阁学士陈循等爱国官员的支持。郕王肯定了他的说法,防守的决策就这样定下来了。

当时京师最有战斗力的部队、精锐的骑兵都已在土木堡失陷,剩下疲惫的士卒不到十万,人心惶惶,朝廷上下都没有坚定的信心。于谦请郕王调南北两京、河南的备操军,山东和南京沿海的备倭军,江北和北京所属各府的运粮军,立即奔赴顺天府,依次经营筹部署,人心遂稍稍安定。随后,于谦升任兵部尚书,全权负责筹划京师防御。

CHANCHUJIANDANG

北京pk10现场开奖直播CHENGWANGGANGGANGSHEZHENGCHAOYISHI,YOUDOUYUSHICHENYISHANGZOUQINGQIUZHUSHAWANGZHENQUANZU,TINGCHENYISHIFENFENXIANGYING。ZHUQIYUWUFAZUOJUEDING,YUSHIXIALINGZESHIGAIYI,TINGCHENZEKANGYIBUYI。CISHI,WANGZHENDANGYU、JINYIWEIDOUZHIHUISHIMASHUNZHANCHUCHICHIBAIGUAN。HUKEJISHIZHONGWANGHONGTURANDAITOUZAICHAOTINGSHANGMENGJIMASHUN,ZHONGCHENFENFENGENSUI,MASHUNDANGJIBIMING,YISHIXUEJIANCHAOTANG,ERSHIZUYISHENGXIONGYUZHU。CHENGWANGZHUQIYUKANHOUDAJU,YUQISHENLIQU,YUQIANJIDAOCHENGWANGSHENQIAN,FUBEIQUANDAODAO:“MASHUNDENGRENZUIGAIZHUSI,DASIWULUN”,ZHONGRENTINGHOUFANGZHI,ERCISHIYUQIANDEPAOXIUYIJINGLIEKAI。ZAITATUICHUZUOYEMENSHI,LIBUSHANGSHUWANGZHIWOZHEYUQIANDESHOUTANDAO:“GUOJIAZHENGSHIYIZHANGNINDESHIHOU。JINTIANZHEIYANGDEQINGKUANG,JISHISHIYIBAIGEWANGZHIYECHULIBULEA!”ZAINEISHI,CHAOTINGSHANGXIADOUYIZHONGYUQIAN,ERYUQIANYIYIRANYISHEJIANWEIWEIJIREN。

FUZHUCHAOGANG

北京pk10现场开奖直播DANGCHU,DACHENDANYOUGUOJIAMEIYOUJUNZHU,TAIZINIANYOU,DIKOUJIANGZHI,QINGHUANGTAIHOULICHENGWANGWEIHUANGDI,CHENGWANGZAISANTUICI。YUQIANDASHENGSHUO:“WOMENWANQUANSHIWEIGUOJIAKAOLV,BUSHIWEIGERENDASUAN。”CHENGWANGYUSHISHOUMING。JIUYUE,CHENGWANGJIDIWEIWEIDAIZONG,YUQIANJINQUHUIDAWENHUA,QINGXUJIANGDIKUZHESHUO:“DIKOUDEYI,YAOXIECHIKOULIUTAISHANGHUANG,ZHEIYANGXINGSHIXIATAMENBIRANQINGSHIZHONGGUO,ZHANGQUNANXIA。QINGMINGLINGGEBIANJINGDESHOUCHENJIELIFANGSHOUEZHI。JINGYINGSHIBINGDEQIXIEKUAIYAOYONGWANLE,XUYAOMASHANGFENDAOZHAOMUMINBING,LINGGONGBUZHIZAOQIXIEKUIJIA。PAIQIANDOUDUSUNTANG、WEIYING、ZHANGZHE、ZHANGYI、LEITONGFENBINGJUSHOUJIUMENZHONGYAODEDIFANG,JUNDUIZHUZHAZAIWAICHENGDEWAIMIAN。DOUYUSHIYANGSHAN。JISHIZHONGWANGHONGYICANYUZHEIXIESHI,QIANXIWAICHENGFUJINDEJUMINJINRUCHENGNEI。CHUCUNZAITONGZHOUDELIANGSHI,LINGGUANJUNZIJIQUZHILING,YONGZHUANGZUDEMIZUOWEIDAIJIA,BUBALIANGSHILIUJIDIREN。WENCHENXIANGXUANNIZHEIYANGDEREN,YINGGAIYONGWEIXUNFU。WUCHENXIANGSHIHENG、YANGHONG、LIUBOZHEIYANGDE,YINGGAIYONGWEIJIANGSHUAI。ZHIYUJUNDUILIMIANDESHIQING,WOZIJICHENGDAN,MEIYOUCHENGXIAOJIUPANWODEZUI。”DUITADEYIJIAN,MINGDAIZONGQUANDOURENZHENDIJIENALE。

十月,敕令于谦提督各营军马。而也先挟持着太上皇(英宗)攻破紫荆关直入,进窥京师。石亨建议收兵固守使敌兵劳累衰竭。于谦不同意,说:“为什么向他示弱,使敌人更加轻视我。”马上分别调遣诸将带领二十二万兵士,在九门外摆开阵势:都督陶瑾在安定门,广宁伯刘安东直门,武进伯朱瑛朝阳门,都督刘聚西直门,镇远侯顾兴祖阜成门,都指挥李端正阳门,都督刘得新崇文门,都指挥汤芦宣城门,而于谦自己和石亨率领副总兵范广、武兴在德胜门外列阵,抵挡也先。把兵部的事交给了侍郎吴宁,把各城门全部关闭,自己亲自督战。下令:临阵将领不顾部队先行退却的,斩将领。军士不顾将领先退却的,后队斩前队。于是将士知道必定要死战,都听命令。副总兵高礼、毛福寿在彰义门北面抵挡敌人,俘虏了一个头目。明代宗高兴,令于谦选精兵聚集在教场,以便调动;再命太监兴安、李永昌同于谦一起管理军务。

DANGCHU,YEXIANBUDUISHENRU,YIWEIZAOWANJIUKEYIGONGXIAJINGCHENG,JIZHIJIANDAOMINGCHAOGUANJUNYANZHENYIDAI,YOUXIESANGQI。PANBIANLEDEHUANGUANXININGJIAOSUOYEXIANYAOMINGCHAODACHENYINGJIESHANGHUANG,SUOQUHUANGJINHESIZHIPINYIWANWANJI;YOUYAOYUQIANJIWANGZHI、HUYINGDENGCHUCHENGTANPAN。MINGDAIZONGBUZHUNXU。YEXIANGENGJIAJUSANG。GENGSHEN,YEXIANBUDUIKUISIDESHENGMEN。YUQIANLINGSHIHENGLVSHENJIYINGZAIKONGWULISHEXIAMAIFU,PAIJIGEQIBINGYINYOUDIREN。DIRENYONGYIWANQIBINGBIJIN,FUZONGBINGFANGUANGFASHEHUOYAOWUQI,FUBINGYIQIQILAIYINGJI。YEXIANDEDIDIBEILUO,PINGZHANGMAONEIHAIBEIPAODASI,YEXIANBUDUIZHUANYIDAOXIZHIMEN,DOUDUSUNTANGDIYUTA,SHIHENGYIFENLEBUFENBINGLILAIDAO,DIKOUCHETUI。FUZONGBINGWUXINGZAIZHANGYIMENGONGDADIJUN,HEDOUDUWANGJINGYIQICUOBAILEYEXIANDEQIANFENG。DIJUNZHENGYAOTUIQUE,ERJIBAIGEQIZHEMADEHUANGUANXIANGZHENGGONG,CHONGMAZHENGZHEXIANGQIAN。ZHENJIAOLUANLE,WUXINGBEILUANFADEJIANSHESI。KOUBINGGANDAOTUCHENG,JUMINPAYIWUDING,HUHANZHEYONGZHUANSHITOUZHIDIREN,XUANSHENGZHENTIAN。WANGHONGHEFUSHOUDEYUANBINGGANDAO,DIJUNYUSHICHETUI。XIANGCHILEWUTIAN,YEXIANDEYAOQINGMEIRENLITA,ZUOZHANYOUSHILI,ZHIDAOBUKENENGDADAOMUDE,YOUTINGSHUOGEDIQINWANGDEBUDUIMASHANGYAOKAIDAO,KONGPAJIEDUANLETADEGUILU,YUSHIYONGZHESHANGHUANGYOULIANGXIANGXIANGXIQU。YUQIANDIAOGEJIANGLINGZHUIJI,DAOJUYONGGUANCAIHUILAI。PINGGONG,JIAYUQIANSHAOBAO、ZONGDUJUNWU。YUQIANSHUO:“SIJIAODUOBAOLEI,SHIQINGDAFUDECHIRU,ZENMEGANQIUQUSHANGCIGONGLAONI!”JIANJUETUICI,MINGDAIZONGBUZHUN。YUSHIZENGBINGSHOUZHENDING、BAODING、ZHUOZHOU、YIZHOUDENGFUZHOU,QINGQIUYONGDACHENZHENSHOUSHANXI,FANGZHIDIKOUNANQIN。

北京pk10现场开奖直播JINGTAIYUANNIAN(1450NIAN)SANYUE,ZONGBINGZHUQIANZOUCHENGDIBINGSANWANWEIGONGWANQUAN,CHILINGFANGUANGDANRENZONGBINGGUANDIYUTA:BUJIU,DIKOUTUI,YUQIANQINGQIUJIZHUBINGJUYONGGUAN,DIKOULAIZECHUGUANJIAOSHA,DIKOUTUIZEHUIJINGSHIZHUSHOU。DATONGCANJIANGXUGUIZOUBEIMIANYOUSANGERENDAOZHENSHANG,XIANGCHAOTINGPAISHIZHEJIANGHE。YUQIANSHUO:“YIQIANPAIZHIHUIJIFENG、YUEQIANQIANWANGJIANGHE,ERYEXIANGENZHERUKOU。JIEZHEPAITONGZHENGWANGFU、SHAOQINGZHAORONG,JIANBUDAOSHANGHUANGJIUHUILAILE。XIANRAN,BUNENGYIKAOHETAN。KUANGZHEWOHETADECHOUBUGONGDAITIAN,CONGDAOLISHANGLAISHUOYEJUEBUKEYIJIANGHE。WANYIHELETAYAOMANZUWUQIONGWUJINDEYAOQIU,DAYINGZEJIWOMENZAOCHENGHENDADEKUNNAN,BUDAYINGYOUHUIFASHENGBIANLUAN,ZHEIXINGSHIYEBUNENGJIANGHE。XUGUISHIWUCHEN,ERZHEIYANGKONGJUWEISUO,ZENNENGDIQITONGCHOU,ANFALVGAICHUSI。”FACHUWENSHUYANLIQIANZETA。CONGCIBIANJINGDEJIANGLINGRENRENDOUZHUZHANGJIANSHOUZUOZHAN,MEIYOUGANSHUOJIANGHEDE。

北京pk10现场开奖直播DANGCHU,YEXIANZHUDUOYAOXIE,DOUSHIYOUXININGCEHUADE。ZHUQIZHEN(YINGZONG)CEHUAZHENSHOUDATONGDEJIANGLINGZHUALEXINING,BATASHALE。YOUJIWANGWEIXIANGBANFA,RANGTAYINYOUSHALEJIANXITIANXIAOER。ERQIELIYONGJIANDIESHIXINGLIJIAN,QINGQIUTEBIESHIFANGLEZHONGYONGBOBATAIJIA,DAYINGFENGJIJUEWEI,RANGTACONGZHONGXIANGBANFA。YEXIANKAISHIYOUFANGHUISHANGHUANGDEYISI,PAISHIZHELAILIANXI,JINGSHIDEJIEBEICAISHAOSHAOFANGSONGLEYIDIAN。YUQIANSHANGYAN:“NANJINGZHONGDI,XUYAOYOURENJIAYIANFUWENDING。ZHONGYUANYOUHENDUOLIUMIN,JIARUYUSHANGHUANGNIAN,HUXIANGHUYINGJUJICHENGQUN,ZHEISHIHENZHIDEDANXINDE。QINGCHILINGNEIWAISHOUBEIHEGECHUXUNFUYONGXINZHENGDUN,FANGHUANYUWEIRAN,ZHAOHUIPAIWANGNEIDIZHAOMUFABINGDEWENWUGUANYUANHEZHENSHOUZHONGGONG。”

DAOLEBAYUE,TAISHANGHUANGBEILIUZAIBEIFANGYIJINGYINIAN。YEXIANJIANZHONGGUOMEIYOUSHENMESHIDUAN,GENGXIANGJIANGHE,SHIZHEJIELIANQIANLAI,TICHUBASHANGHUANGSONGHUI。DACHENWANGZHIDENGSHANGYIPAISHIZHEQIANWANGYINGJIE,MINGDAIZONGBUGAOXINGDISHUO:“ZHENBENLAIBUXIANGDENGDAWEI,DANGSHISHIBEITUISHANGLAIDE。”YUQIANCONGRONGDISHUO:“DIWEIYIJINGDINGLE,BUHUIZAIYOUGENGGAI,ZHISHICONGQINGLISHANGYINGGAIGANKUAIBATAJIEHUILAIBALE。WANYITAZHENYOUSHENMEYINMOU,WOJIUYOUHUASHUOLE。”MINGDAIZONGKANKANTABIANGAIBIANLEMIANSESHUO:“TINGNIDE、TINGNIDE。”XIANHOUPAIQIANLELISHI、YANGSHANQIANWANG。ZHONGYUBASHANGHUANGJIELEHUILAI,ZHEISHIYUQIANDEGONGLAO。

太上皇已经回来,瓦剌请求朝贡。先前贡使不过百人,正统十三年增加到三千余人,对给予的赏赐总不满足,便入侵。瓦剌又派三千人来朝,于谦请求列兵居庸关以备不测,在京师隆重陈兵,设宴招待。因此说到和议很难依靠,逐条进上安定边境的三个策略。请求敕令大同、宣府、永平、山海、辽东各路总兵官增修墙准备防御。京兵分别隶属于五军营、神机营、三千营,虽然各设有总兵。但不相统一,请求选择精锐十五万人,分为十营团操,从此开始了团营的制度。这事记载在《明史·兵志》中。瓦剌入贡,常常携带以前掳去的人口来。于谦一定奏请酬劳使者,前后赎回了几百人。

DANGCHU,YONGLENIANZHONG,TOUJIANGGUOLAIDERENBEIANZHIZAIJINGJIFUJINDEHENDUO。YEXIANRUQINSHI,HENDUOCHENGLENEIYING。YUQIANXIANGFENSANQIANSONGTAMEN。YINWEIXINANYOUZHANSHI,MEICICHUZHENG,DOUTIAOXUANTAMENJINGRUIDEQISHOU,CONGHOUZIZHUTAMENQIANWANG,RANHOUZAIQIANSONGTAMENDEQIZI,NEIHUANDEYIPINGDING。YANGHONGYIDUSHIRUWEI,BAGECHENGDOUJILEDIREN。YUQIANSHIDOUDUSUNANLVQINGQIBINGCHULONGMENGUANZHANJULETA,ZHAOMUBAIXINGTUNTIAN,BIANZHANBIANSHOU,BAGECHENGDEYISHOUFU。GUIZHOUMIAOWEIPINGDING,HEWENYUANJIANYICHEQUBUSHI、ANCHALIANGSI。ZHUANSHEDOUZHIHUISHISI,YONGDAJIANGZHENSHOU。YUQIANSHUO:“BUSHELIANGGESI,SHIFANGQILEZHEIDIFANG。”JIANYISUIZUOBA。YUQIANRENWEISHANGHUANGSUIRANHUILAILE,DANGUOCHIWEIXIXUE,ZHENGZHIYEXIANHETUOTUOBUHUAJIEYUAN,QINGQIUCHENJIPAIDAJUN,ZIJIQIANWANGZHENGTAOTA,YIBAOFUCONGQIANDECHOUHEN,QINGCHUBIANHUAN。MINGDAIZONGBUZHUN。

于谦主持兵部工作时,也先的势力正在扩张,而福建邓茂七、浙江叶宗留、广东黄萧养各自拥有部众和自封的封号,湖广、贵州、广西、瑶、侗、苗、僚到处起作乱,前后的军队征集调遣,都是于谦独自安排。当战事匆忙急迫,瞬息万变的时候,于谦眼睛看着手指数着,随口讲述奏章,全都能按照机宜采取正确的方针方法。同事和下属接受命令,彼此看着都感到惊骇佩服。号令严明。虽然是勋臣老将稍有不守法度,立即请圣旨切实责备。一张小字条送到万里外,没有不谨慎小心执行的。他才思的畅通敏捷,考虑的周到仔细,一时没有人能比得上。他性情淳朴忠厚过人,忘身忧国。上皇虽然回来了,一点也不说自己的功劳。东宫改易以后,明代宗命令凡是兼东宫太子宫属者支取两份俸禄。诸臣都表示推辞,只有于谦一再推辞。自己的生活很简单俭朴,所居住的房子仅仅能够遮挡风雨。明代宗赐给他西华门的府第,推辞说:“国家多难,臣子怎么敢自己安居。”坚决推辞,明代宗不准。于是把明代宗前所赏赐的玺书、袍服、银锭之类,全部封好写上说明放到那里,每年去看一看罢了。

MINGDAIZONGHENLEJIEYUQIAN,SUOYILUNZOUQINGDESHIMEIYOUBUTINGCONGDE。MINGDAIZONGCENGJINGPAISHIZHEDAOZHENDING、HEJIANCAIZEYECAI,QUZHIGUZHIZAOYUGAN,YUQIANYISHUOBIANMASHANGTINGZHI。RENYONGYIGEREN,YIDINGQIAOQIAOFANGWENYUQIAN。YUQIANSHISHIQIUSHIDIHUIDA,MEIYOUYINMAN,YEBUDUOBIXIANYIYUANHEN。YINCINEIXIEBUCHENGZHIDERENDOUYUANHENTA,ERBUXIANGTANEIYANGBEIMINGDAIZONGXINYONGDE,YIWANGWANGJIDUTA。DANGDIKOUGANGGANGCHETUISHI,DOUYUSHILUOTONGLIKESHANGZOUZHANGDANHEYUQIANDENGJIDEGONGLAOBOBUSHIZAI。YUSHIGUYAOSHUOYUQIANTAIZHUANQUAN,GANYULIUBUDEDASHIZOUQINGSHIXING,HAOXIANGTAJIUSHINEIGEYIYANG。YUQIANGENJUZUZHIFANBOTAMEN,HUBUSHANGSHUJINLIANYISHANGSHUWEITAZHENGBIAN,DANZHIZETADERENHAISHIBUDUANSHOUJITADECAILIAO。GEYUSHIDUOCIYONGKEKEDEWENCISHANGZOUDANHETA,QUANKAOJINGTAIDILIPAIZHONGYI,JIAYIRENYOU,TACAIDEYIJINLIANGSHIXIANZIJIDEJIHUA。

YUQIANDEXINGGEHENGANGQIANG,YUDAOYOUBUTONGKUAIDESHI,ZONGSHIPAIZHEXIONGFUGANTANSHUO:“ZHEIYIQIANGREXUE,BUZHIHUISAZAINALI!”TAKANBUQINEIXIENUOQIEWUNENGDEDACHEN、XUNCHEN、HUANGQINGUOQI,YINCIZENGHENTADERENGENGDUO。YOUSHIZHONGBUZANCHENGJIANGHE,SUIRANSHANGHUANGYINCINENGGOUHUILAI,DANSHANGHUANGBINGBUMANYI。XUCHENGYINWEITICHUQIANDOUNANJING,SHOUDAOYUQIANCHIZE。ZHEISHIBAMINGZIGAIWEIYOUZHEN,BIJIAORONGYIDEDAOTISHENGJINYONG,JINGCHANGYAOYAQIECHIDIHENYUQIAN。SHIHENGBENLAIYINWEIWEIFANLEJUNFABEIXUEZHI,SHIYUQIANQINGQIUMINGDAIZONGKUANSHULETA,RANGTAZONGLISHIYINGBING,DANYINWEIHAIPAYUQIANBUGANFANGSI,YEBUXIHUANYUQIAN。DESHENGMENYIZHANGDESHENGLI,SHIHENGDEGONGLAOBINGBUBIYUQIANDA,ERDEDAOSHIXIHOUJUE,NEIXINYOUKUI,YUSHISHANGSHUTUIJIANYUQIANDEERZIYUMIAN。MINGDAIZONGXIAZHAORANGTADAOJINGSHI,YUQIANTUICI,MINGDAIZONGBUZHUN。YUQIANSHUO:“GUOJIADUOSHIDESHIHOU,CHENZIZAIDAOYISHANGBUYINGGAIGUJIGERENDEENDE。ERQIESHIHENGSHENWEIDAJIANG,MEIYOUTINGSHUOTAJUJIANYIWEIYINSHI,TIBAYIGEBINGZU,YIBUYIJUNDUIGUOJIA,ERZHISHITUIJIANLEWODEERZI,ZHEINENGDEDAOGONGZHONGDERENKEMA?WODUIYUJUNGONG,JILIDUJUEJIAOXING,JUEDUIBUGANYONGERZILAILANLINGGONGLAO。”SHIHENGGENGSHIYOUKUIYOUHEN。DOUDUZHANGZHEYINWEIZHENGMIAOSHIBUSHOULVLING,BEIYUQIANDANHE,HENEISHICAOJIXIANGDENGDOUYIXIANGHENYUQIAN。

DUOMENZHIBIAN

景泰八年(1457年)正月壬午,石亨和曹吉祥、徐有贞迎接上皇恢复了帝位,宣谕朝臣以后,立即把于谦和大学北京pk10现场开奖直播士王文逮捕入狱。诬陷于谦等和黄囗制造不轨言论,又和太监王诚、舒良、张永、王勤等策划迎接册立襄王。石亨等拿定这个说法,唆使科道官上奏。都御史萧维祯审判定罪,坐以谋反,判处死刑。王文忍受不了这种诬陷,急于争辩,于谦笑着说:“这是石亨他们的意思罢了,分辩有什么用处?”奏疏上呈后,英宗还有些犹豫,说:“于谦是有功劳的(谦实有功)。”徐有贞进言说:“不杀于谦,复辟这件事就成了出师无名。”明英宗的主意便拿定了。正月二十三日,于谦被押往崇文门外,就在这座他曾拼死保卫的城池前,得到了他最后的结局——斩决。史载:天下冤之!于谦被杀之后,按例应该抄家,可抄家的官员到于谦家时,才发现这是一项十分容易完成的工作,因为于谦家里什么也没有,除了生活必需品外根本就没有多余的钱财(家无余财)。遂溪的教谕吾豫说于谦的罪应该灭族,于谦所推荐的各文武大臣都应该处死。刑部坚持原判这才停止了。千户白琦又请求写上他的罪行,刻板印刷在全国公布。

WUGAOBEISHA

YUQIANZICONGTUMUZHIBIANYIHOU,FASHIBUHEDIRENGONGSHENGCUN。JINGCHANGZHUZAIZHIBANDEDIFANG,BUHUIJIA。YIXIANGYOUTANZHENGBING,MINGDAIZONGPAITAIJIANXINGAN、SHULIANGLUNLIUQIANWANGTANWANG。TINGSHUOTADEYIFU、YONGJUGUOYUJIANDAN,XIAZHAOLINGGONGZHONGZAOLECIJITA,SUOCIDONGXISHENZHILIANCUCAIDOUYOULE。YOUQINZIDAOWANSUISHAN,KANZHUQUZHICIJITA。YOURENSHUOMINGDAIZONGTAIGUOCHONGAIYUQIAN,XINGANDENGSHUO:“TARIYEWEIGUOFENYOU,BUWENJIACHAN,RUGUOTAQULE,RANGCHAOTINGDAONEILIHAINENGZHAODAOZHEIYANGDEREN?”DAOCHAOJIADESHIHOU,JIALIMEIYOUDUOYUDEQIANCAI,ZHIYOUZHENGWUGUANSUODEYANYANSHISHI。DAKAILAIKAN,ZHIYOUZHUQIYUCIJIDEMANGPAO、JIANQI。YUQIANSIDENEITIAN,YINYUNMIBU,QUANGUODERENDOURENWEITASHIYUANWANGDE。YOUYIGEJIAODUOERDEZHIHUI,BENLAICHUZICAOJIXIANGDEBUXIA,TABAJIUPOZAIYUQIANSIDEDIFANG,TONGKU。CAOJIXIANGFANU,BIANDATA。DIERTIAN,TAHAISHIZHAOYANGPOJIUZAIDIBIAOSHIJIDIAN。

DOUDUTONGZHICHENFENGBEIYUQIANDEZHONGYIGANDONG,SHOULIANLETADESHITI。GUOLEYINIAN,YUQIANDEYANGZIYUKANGJIANGQIGUIZANGYUHANGZHOUXIHUNANMIANDESANTAISHANLU。CHENFENG,SHILIUHEREN。CENGBEITUIJUWEIYOUJIANGLINGZHICAI,SHICONGLISHIMIANMENXIAJUJIANDE。HUANGTAIHOUKAISHISHIBUZHIDAOYUQIANDESI,TINGSHUOYIHOU,TANXIAIDAOLEJITIAN。YINGZONGYEHOUHUILE。

CHENYUANDEXUE

YUQIANYISI,YOUSHIHENGDEDANGYUCHENRUYANRENBINGBUSHANGSHU。BUDAOYINIAN,SUOGANDEHUAISHIBAILU,TANZANGLEIJIJUWAN。MINGYINGZONGZHAODACHENJINQUKAN,TIEQINGZHELIANSHUO:“YUQIANZAIJINGTAICHAOSHOUZHONGYONG,SISHIMEIYOUDUOYUDEQIANCAI,CHENRUYANWEISHENMEHUIYOUZHEIYANGDUO?”SHIHENGDIZHETOUBUNENGHUIDA。BUJIUBIANJINGYOUJING,MINGYINGZONGMANMIANCHOURONG。GONGSHUNHOUWUJINZAIPANGBIANSHIHOU,JINJIANSHUO:“RUGUOYUQIANZAI,YIDINGBUHUIRANGDIRENZHEIYANG。”MINGYINGZONGWUYANYIDUI。ZHEIYINIAN,YOUZHENBEISHIHENGZHONGSHANG,CHONGJUNDAOJINCHIKOU。YOUGUOLEJINIAN,SHIHENGYIBEIBURUYU,SIYUYUZHONG;CAOJIXIANGMOUFAN,BEIMIEZU,YUQIANSHIQINGDEYIZHENXIANGDABAI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播MINGXIANZONGCHENGHUACHUNIAN,JIANGYUMIANSHEMIANHUILAI,TASHANGSHUSHENSUYUANWANG,DEYIHUIFUYUQIANDEGUANZHI,CIJI,GAOWENLISHUO:“DANGGUOJIADUONANDESHIHOU,BAOWEISHEJISHIQIMEIYOUWEIXIAN,DUZIJIANCHIGONGDAO,BEIQUANCHENJIANCHENGONGTONGJIDU。XIANDIZAISHIYIJINGZHIDAOTADEYUAN,ERZHENSHIZAILIANXITADEZHONGCHENG。”ZHEIGAOWENZAIQUANGUOGEDICHUANSONG。

MINGXIAOZONGHONGZHIERNIAN(1489NIAN),CAINALEJISHIZHONGSUNXUDEYIJIAN,ZHUIZENGYUQIANWEITEJINGUANGLUDAFU、ZHUGUO、TAIFU,SHIHAOSUMIN,CIZAIMUJIANCITANG,TIWEI“JINGGONG”,YOUDIFANGYOUGUANBUMENNIANJIEBAIJI。WANLIZHONG,GAISHIWEIZHONGSU。HANGZHOU、HENAN、SHANXIDOUSHILIDAIFENGBAIJISIBUZHI。

北京pk10现场开奖直播WANLISHIBANIAN(1590NIAN),GAISHIWEI“ZHONGSU”。

北京pk10现场开奖直播QIANLONGSHILIUNIAN(1751NIAN),QIANLONGDINANXUN,TIXIEBIANE“DANXINKANGJIE”。

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