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谢道韫

魏晋诗人

谢道韫(生卒年不详),字令姜,东晋时女诗人,是宰相谢安的侄女,安西将军谢奕的女儿,也是著名书法家王羲之次子王凝之的妻子。

谢道韫留下来的事迹不多,其中最著名的故事,记载在《世说新语》中:谢安在一个雪天和子侄们讨论可用何物比喻飞雪。谢安的侄子谢朗说道“撒盐空中差可拟”,谢道韫则说:“未若柳絮因起”,因其比喻精妙而受到众人的称许。也因为这个著名的故事,她与汉代的班昭、蔡琰等人成为中国古代才女的代表人,而“咏絮之才”也成为后来人称许有文才的女性的常用的词语,这段事迹亦为《三字经》“蔡文姬,能辨琴。谢道韫,能咏吟。”所提及。

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谢道韫古籍名句
人物生平
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MINGMENCAINV

谢道韫身出名门,系东晋安西将军谢奕之长女,宰相谢安的侄女,谢氏家族的才女。自幼受到良好的教育。一次叔父谢安问她,“《毛诗》中何句最佳?”谢道韫答道:“诗经三百篇,莫若《大雅·嵩高篇》云,吉甫作颂,穆如清。 仲山甫永怀,以慰其心。”谢安大赞其雅人深致。谢安颇为谢道韫的婚事操心。魏晋时代,谢氏与王氏是两大望族,有“王与谢共天下”的说法。出于门当户对的考虑,谢安在王羲之的儿子当中物色侄女婿。最先看中的是王徽之,但谢安听说此人不拘小节,遂改变了初衷,将谢道韫许配给王凝之。

HUNHOUSHENGHUO

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WANJINGQILIANG

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